Algeria: the new government challenges
On the 25th of September 2012 the program of the new Algerian government was submitted to the Parliament.
Sure, the preparation of the executive has been so slow. In fact, the new Parliament elections were held on the 10th of May. However, this time-consuming disappoint, because the new government seems not to be particularly innovative.
In fact the Ministers considered the most important, haven’t change, remaining assigned to the same ministers of the past legislation.
The choice to assign only three ministries (and, moreover, with few importance) to women is disappointing.
And finally, the Algerian economic situation should require a technical government, instead of a politic one, such as the new executive.
The economic situation is very complicated: in the first six months of the year, in fact, the Algerian imports declined 5.2% and inflation rose in August, making the expected annual inflation of 7.7%.
Also Algerian imports have a strong decrease (7.4% in the first eight months of the year).
Algeria is still suffering of choices made after independence from France. The State is still present in many sectors of the economy and the Country needs lot of reforms to reach the development.
About transport modernization, the infrastructural program proceeds all over the country.
Algeria is investing (between 2012 and 2015) 1 billion and 245 million of euro to strengthen the road and rail network and increase the safety standard of transport.
The involvement of the Algerian State is also reflected in the creation of an “ad hoc company” that care of the improvement and speed of tram network connections all over the country.
Algeria is also investing in the energy sector, through the creation of four refineries until the 2017 and setting up partnerships with multinational companies involved in the field of hydrocarbons.
However, both the infrastructure works, and the development of the nascent tourist industry, and also the creation of several dump, are threatening the ecosystem Algerian. This situation is creating considerable tension and alarm among environmentalists.
The Algerian government must think not only about the economic, but also about others indicators that reveal the Country backwardness.
The 22% of the population is still illiterate and the 23% lives below the poverty line, often in huge shanties.
Some measures have already been undertaken, such as providing housing for 1,500 families at random among the slum dwellers, or the establishment of nine universities; but the way to solve all the Algerian problems is still long.