Sister-hood: a web-magazine to give voice to the women of Islam

  • 21 May 2016

The filmmaker honoured with an Emmy, Deeya Khan, founded a new online magazine in order to give space to the female voices of Islam: it’s ‘Sister-hood’, on line officially after months of gestation.
The web-magazine collects and offers the most diverse items of female Islamic world: “those women who – says the editorial – stoves to be part of the news as victims, as jihadi brides, or wearers of the veil and hijab, link to return to the centre of the debate.”
The information site will collect testimonies, like the one who publishes a woman excluded from the funeral of his father, courageous stances (such as the testimony of feminist who took off her veil for one day) news and debates.
Deeya Khan, of Afghan origin, but grew up in Norway, explained that Sisterhood is an attempt to keep alive the history of the rights and those who fought for them, to claim the ideas that today, in the silence of women’s voices and empty d ‘information, seem radical. The creator of the site is not new to such initiatives. In 2007, the director had launched a music sharing platform for young Muslim artists. Gestures to his revolutionary way, for there were many in the Arab world believe that women should be relegated to the feminine boundaries outlined by the Orthodox.
In 2015, moreover, the Khan has organized an international conference in Oslo to celebrate creativity and activism of women in the Islamic world. From the response she decided to invest in another initiative: Sister-hood. Among his collaborators include religious practitioners, former devotees, but also agnostic. Deeya Khan writes: “I always ask: what happened to the women’s resistance against injustice, political oppression or religious they are? Here we go, we are always been here.” Backed by Fuuse, the company’s director of productions, this new editorial project is based on voluntary funds, but since it is a non-profit project does not host advertising.
Currently on the site you can read the articles, among others, the Egyptian writer Nawal el-Sadaawi, an icon of the Arab feminism, the Israeli journalist naturalized Italian, Rula Jebreal, the professor of international law Karima Bennoune, of Algerian origin, with the chair in California, the US Muslim blogger Amani, Sanam Nuraghi-Anderlini, co-founder of ICAN, the International civil action Network society, active organization in the Middle East and northern Africa against extremism and militarism, the British blogger Halima Begum and of ‘Pakistani artist Sabba Khan.
The initiative of the Norwegian director is part of a very complicated picture. The protection of women’s rights under Islam, unfortunately, despite the cultural differences between different countries and more or less extremist views, is still far from universally recognized standards.
A recent survey was carried out by an American independent researcher, Pew Center, which carried out 38,000 interviews with “visually” in 39 nations. In 20 of the 23 countries in which it was asked whether a woman should always obey her husband at least half of the respondents said yes, with high percentages in Southeast Asia, South Asia, Middle East and North Africa. The largest number of yes is in Malaysia (96%), followed by Afghanistan (94%), Tunisia and Indonesia (93%), Morocco and Iraq (92%). Egypt is 85%, Lebanon 74%. In Central Asia data are not homogeneous. It ranges from 89% in Tajikistan, 65% in Turkey to 51% in Kazakhstan. Only among European Muslims the music is different. If Russian Muslims are no exception peaking above half so, (69%), Bosnia is at 45%, Albania and Kosovo to 40% to 34%. Things are better to the question must be women to choose to wear the veil? Yes I highly dominant in Europe (in Bosnia we are at 92% to 91% in Kosovo, in Albania 85%, Russia 65%) but also in Central Asia (Turkey is 90%) and Southeast Asia (Indonesia and Thailand 79%, Malaysia 77%), while South Asia is split: 70% of Pakistan is facing a 56% of Bangladesh and above 30% of Afghanistan, where the veil in its most extreme version, the burka, it is still very popular.
In the Middle East and North Africa in the face of an 89% yes in Tunisia and 85% in Morocco, we have 53% in the Palestinian Territories, 46% in Egypt and 45% in Iraq. Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region where the majority of Muslims think that the right of choice on the veil is not for women. With the exception of Senegal (58%) all the other countries are below 50%: Mali 42%, Kenya 41%, Niger 34%, Cameroon 33%, Nigeria 30%, and the Democratic Republic of Congo 29% (where Muslims they are largely minority, less than 4%, but are evidently radicals). Divorce in 13 of the 22 countries in which was placed the demand at least half the Muslims polled said that a woman has the right to divorce. The opinion is widely prevalent among European Muslims (94% Bosnia, Albania 84%, Russia 60%) and Central Asia (Turkey 85%), but not among the Muslims in the rest of Asia (Indonesia 32%, Pakistan 26%, Malaysia 8%, with the exception of Bangladesh, 62%). Split the Middle East / North Africa. Despite an 81% favourable in Tunisia and 73% in Morocco, Egypt and Jordan are at 22% and 14% in Iraq. Note that in many countries (72% Liberia, Pakistan, Mali, Ethiopia, 71%), divorce as such is defined morally wrong, a percentage that falls in others (6%

Egypt, Lebanon 8% Iraq 26%).
With regard to inheritance rights, only 12 countries out of 23 the response of the majority is that they must be the same for male and female children. If Turkey we are at 88% and Indonesia at 76%, in Pakistan, it falls to 53%, Lebanon 35%, in Afghanistan to 30%, Egypt 26%, Iraq 22%. And in Morocco and Tunisia just 15%.

10th May: World Day migratory birds

  • 13 May 2016

The World Day of Migratory Birds, launched in 2006, is an awareness campaign annually celebrated to inspire a global level, the protection of migratory birds and their natural habitats. Established in 2006 to raise awareness on the importance of the protection of migratory birds, the World Day is organized by two international institutions, CMS (Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild) and AEWA (Agreement on the Conservation of African migratory birds from Europe and Asia), operating under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) – reminds the Ministry of Environment. The day this year had as its slogan “and when the heavens will become silent?” A question that refers to the millions of migratory birds that disappear with increasing frequency due to killings, catch, illegal trade and other threats to biodiversity. The contribution of migratory birds to our natural capital is unfortunately jeopardized by human hands.
Lipu, on the occasion of the World Day of migratory birds in 2016, published the study “Preliminary assessment of the scope and scale of illegal killing and taking birds in the Mediterranean”, already appeared on Bird Conservation International, which shows that they are 25 million wild birds captured or killed in the whole Mediterranean region. In the article the authors present a detailed analysis of how many birds and which species are being impacted due to illegal hunting, where are the 20 worst areas of the Mediterranean for illegal hunting (where the capture or killing takes place 8 million birds) and why different species are targeted in each country.
The report published The killing (preview) last August shows that are twenty areas with the greatest intensity of illegal hunting concentrated in four countries: Cyprus, Egypt, Lebanon and Syria. The highest number of birds captured or killed in the Mediterranean region is registered in Egypt with 5.7 million, then in Italy, and Syria 3.9 million.
The data on Italy, explains the Lipu, speak of a massacre of finches (between two and three million), pipits (500/900 thousand copies), robins (300/600 thousand), hawfinches (200 thousand / 1 million) and starlings (100/500 thousand).
Smack in the country, the areas where the illegal Killing is more intense are the Sulcis in Sardinia (126,000 birds slaughtered per year), from Brescia (112,000), and the Po delta (84,000). But “the results achieved in the Lipu Brescia and Sulcis, with anti-poaching camps, are likely to be short-wasted if you do not continue in constant control of the territory and prevention of hunting crimes” warns Capria.
The endangered species most affected by illegal hunting in our country are the marbled teal, 1 to 5 specimens affected (equal 50% of the breeding population), the red kite, from 50 to 150 specimens involved (30% of breeding population) and the Egyptian vulture, between 1 and 5 specimens affected (20% breeding population). Birds affected by illegal hunting, among others, include the blackcap (1.2000000

to 2.4000000 of individuals every year), the turtle dove (between 300 thousand and 900 thousand) and the song thrush (between 700 thousand and 1, 8 million). In many cases, the numbers were derived based on the use of “mist-nets” nets, traps used for the trapping of twigs (in English “limesticks”) sprinkled with glue to catch small birds and admissions in centres for the recovery of wildlife.
The contribution of migratory birds to our natural capital is unfortunately jeopardized by human hands. The Ministry of Environment led by Gian Luca Galletti, already engaged on several fronts to protect them, shall shortly call a conference to define and adopt, together with the Agriculture Ministry, the Regions, the Police, the associations environmental and hunting, further necessary measures to address the problem.
There are 2,000 species of migratory birds – remember the ministry – on 20% of all known species, and migrate regularly. More than 40% is in decline and almost 200 are threatened. Since 1980 the number of fanelli has halved, while birds of agricultural land lost in the same period, more than 300 million copies. Every year millions of birds are killed by the networks along the coasts of North Africa.
But the Lipu adds our dubious distinction: “The highest number of birds captured or killed in the Mediterranean region is recorded in Italy (between 3.4 and 7.8 million birds), Egypt (between 10 and 700 thousand, 6 million), and Syria (between 2.9 and 4.9 million). The maximum density of kill / catch is recorded instead in Malta (between 18 and 667 birds per square kilometre per year), Cyprus (146 to 351 per square kilometre) and Lebanon (161-335 birds per square kilometre). “Birds affected by illegal hunting, among others, include species like the finch (2.9 million specimens killed each year), the blackcap (1.2 – 2.4 million), quail (1.6 million), Song thrush (1.2 million), the turtle dove (between 300 thousand and 900 thousand) and the song thrush (between 700 thousand and 1.8 million), as well as species classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN red List as the curlew greater.
Claudio Celada, conservation department director nature of Lipu-BirdLife Italy, said in turn: “Wild birds, an immense patrimony of all and which knows no national or international borders deserve migration routes, called flyways, safer. We therefore ask that Europe and Italy, the latter in particular with a national anti-poaching plan and a tightening of the rules, should increase their efforts for the protection and condemnation of illegality, before it is too late. ”
Willem Van den Bossche, co-author and head of conservation Flyway for Europe and Central Asia for BirdLife Europe, adds: “It ‘alarming to find that despite the positive impact of European legislation, half of the 10 countries with the highest intensity illegal hunting are European Union members – This indicates the need for greater efforts to ensure that the European Birds Directive is fully implemented at national level. ”
Another of the authors of the study, Vicky Jones, head Flyway for BirdLife International, pointed out that “Illegal hunting is a complex conservation problem. Addressing this issue requires action at the local, national and international, involving the forces, the judiciary, the hunting associations, national government authorities, NGOs and international policy instruments. ”
Egypt / Libya and Cyprus were drafted the first National Action Plan to combat illegal hunting, thanks to the pressure of a large number of stakeholders, with the aim to strengthen legislation and its application, developing monitoring and supporting efforts to take action in favour of individual species. But Stuart Butchart, co-author of the publication and director of science at BirdLife International concludes: “The unsustainable exploitation is a major threat to world birds, and much of it is illegal. Our study is the first to compile detailed quantitative estimates of the problem in the Mediterranean. The identification from us made of “hot spots” of illegal hunting will help us to focus on the efforts to be undertaken in the field to address this problem. ”
The data released regard the Illegal Killing in the Mediterranean can be so summarised:
Birds illegally killed / captured each year (min – max)
1. Egypt 5,700,000 (741,000 – 10,600,000)
2. Italy 5,600,000 (3,400,000 – 7,800,000)
3. Syria 3,900,000 (2,900,000 – 4,900,000)
4. Lebanon 2,600,000 (1,700,000 – 3,5000,000)
5. Cyprus 2,300,000 (1,300,000 – 3,200,000)
6. Greece 704.000 (485.000 to 922.000)
7. France 522.000 (149.000 to 895.000)
8. Croatia 510.000 (166.000 to 855.000)
9. Libya 503.000 (325.000 to 680.000)
10. Albania 265.000 (206.000 to 325.000)
11. Spain 254.000 (103.000 to 405.000)
12. Tunisia 139.000 (50.400 to 227.000)
13. Serbia 133,000 (104000-163000)
14. Montenegro 130.000 (64.000 to 197.000)
15. Malta 108,000 (5.800 to 211.000)
16. Palestinian Authority Territories 89.700 (70.000 to 109.000)
17. Portugal 82.400 (32.400 to 133.000)
18. Morocco 74.400 (23.400 to 125.000)
19. Turkey 59.100 (24.400 to 93.900)
20. Bosnia and Herzegovina 34.700 (22.400 to 46.900)
21. Algeria 28.900 (17.500 to 40.300)
22. Slovenia 21,900 (140 to 43.700)
23. Jordan 17.300 (13.000 to 21.600)
24. FYR Macedonia 2,100 (600 to 3.700)
Gibraltar there is no reliable estimates
Israel there is no reliable estimates.

La Giornata Mondiale degli Uccelli Migratori, lanciata nel 2006, è una campagna di sensibilizzazione celebrata annualmente per ispirare, a livello globale, la salvaguardia degli uccelli migratori e dei loro habitat naturali. Istituita nel 2006 per sensibilizzare sull’importanza della tutela degli uccelli migratori, la Giornata mondiale è organizzata da due istituzioni internazionali, Cms (Convenzione sulla conservazione delle specie migratrici selvatiche) e Aewa (Accordo sulla conservazione degli uccelli migratori africani, europei e asiatici), che operano sotto l’egida del Programma delle Nazioni Unite per l’Ambiente (Unep) – ricorda il Ministero dell’Ambiente. La giornata aveva quest’anno come slogan “e quando i cieli diverranno silenziosi?”. Una domanda che fa riferimento ai milioni di uccelli migratori che scompaiono con sempre maggiore frequenza a causa di uccisioni, catture, commerci illegali e altre minacce alla biodiversità. L’apporto degli uccelli migratori al nostro capitale naturale è purtroppo messo a rischio dalla mano dell’uomo.
La Lipu, in occasione della Giornata mondiale degli uccelli migratori 2016, ha pubblicato lo studio “Preliminary assessment of the scope and scale of illegal killing and taking birds in the Mediterranean”, già comparso su Bird Conservation International, dal quale emerge che sono 25 milioni gli uccelli selvatici catturati o uccisi nell’intera regione del Mediterraneo. Nell’articolo gli autori presentano una dettagliata analisi su quanti uccelli e quali specie subiscono un impatto a causa della caccia illegale, dove si trovano le 20 peggiori aree del Mediterraneo per la caccia illegale (ove avviene la cattura o l’uccisione di 8 milioni di uccelli) e perché diverse specie vengono prese di mira nei singoli Paesi.
Il report The killing pubblicato (in anteprima) lo scorso agosto evidenzia che sono venti aree a maggior intensità di caccia illegale concentrate in quattro Paesi: Cipro, Egitto, Libano e Siria. Il più alto numero di uccelli catturati o uccisi nella regione del Mediterraneo si registra in Egitto con 5,7 milioni, poi in Italia, e Siria 3,9 milioni.
I dati sull’Italia, spiega la Lipu, parlano di una strage di fringuelli (tra i due e i tre milioni), pispole (500/900mila esemplari), pettirossi (300/600mila), frosoni (200mila/1 milione) e storni (100/500mila).
Nel bel Paese, le aree in cui l’illegal killig è più intenso sono il Sulcis in Sardegna (126.000 uccelli abbattuti l’anno), il bresciano (112.000), e il delta del Po (84.000). Ma “i risultati della Lipu ottenuti a Brescia e nel Sulcis, con i campi antibracconaggio, rischiano di essere a breve vanificati se non si proseguirà nel costante controllo del territorio e nella prevenzione dei reati venatori” mette in guardia Capria.
Le specie minacciate di estinzione più colpite dalla caccia illegale nel nostro Paese sono l’anatra marmorizzata, da 1 a 5 esemplari colpiti (pari 50% della popolazione nidificante), il nibbio reale, da 50 a 150 esemplari coinvolti (pari al 30% della popolazione nidificante) e il capovaccaio, tra 1 e 5 esemplari colpiti (20% popolazione nidificante). Gli uccelli colpiti dalla caccia illegale, tra le altre, includono la capinera (1,2-2,4 milioni di individui ogni anno), la tortora selvatica (tra le 300mila e le 900mila) e il tordo bottaccio (tra i 700mila e 1,8 milioni). In molti casi, i numeri sono stati ricavati in base all’uso di reti “mist-nets”, di trappole utilizzate per l’uccellagione, di rametti (in inglese “limesticks”) cosparsi di colla per la cattura di piccoli uccelli e dai ricoveri nei centri per il recupero della fauna selvatica.
L’apporto degli uccelli migratori al nostro capitale naturale è purtroppo messo a rischio dalla mano dell’uomo. Il ministero dell’Ambiente guidato da Gian Luca Galletti, già impegnato su vari fronti per la loro tutela, convocherà a breve una Conferenza per definire e adottare, insieme con il ministero dell’Agricoltura, le Regioni, le Forze dell’Ordine, le associazioni ambientaliste e venatorie, ulteriori misure necessarie per contrastare il fenomeno.
Esistono 2.000 specie di uccelli migratori – ricorda il ministero – , il 20% di tutte le specie conosciute, e migrano regolarmente. Più del 40% è in declino e quasi 200 sono minacciate. Dal 1980 il numero di fanelli è dimezzato, mentre gli uccelli dei terreni agricoli hanno perso, nello stesso periodo, più di 300 milioni di esemplari. Ogni anno milioni di uccelli vengono uccisi dalle reti lungo le coste del Nordafrica.
Ma la Lipu aggiunge un nostro triste primato: «Il più alto numero di uccelli catturati o uccisi nella regione del Mediterraneo si registra in Italia (tra i 3,4 e i 7,8 milioni di uccelli), Egitto (tra i 700mila e i 10,6 milioni), e Siria (tra i 2,9 e i 4,9 milioni). La massima densità di uccisioni/catture si registra invece a Malta (tra i 18 e i 667 uccelli ogni anno per chilometro quadrato), Cipro (146-351 per chilometro quadrato) e Libano (161-335 uccelli per chilometro quadrato)». Gli uccelli colpiti dalla caccia illegale, tra le altre, includono specie come il fringuello (2,9 milioni di esemplari uccisi ogni anno), la capinera (1,2 – 2,4 milioni), la quaglia (1,6 milioni), il tordo bottaccio (1,2 milioni), la tortora selvatica (tra le 300mila e le 900mila) e il tordo bottaccio (tra i 700mila e 1,8 milioni), oltre a specie classificate come Vulnerabili dalla Lista rossa come il chiurlo maggiore.
Claudio Celada, direttore dipartimento di conservazione natura della Lipu-BirdLife Italia, sottolinea a sua volta: «Gli uccelli selvatici, un immenso patrimonio di tutti e che non conosce confini nazionali o internazionali si meritano delle rotte migratorie, dette flyways, più sicure. Chiediamo dunque che l’Europa e l’Italia, quest’ultima in particolare con un Piano antibracconaggio nazionale e un inasprimento delle norme, incrementino gli sforzi per la conservazione e la condanna delle illegalità, prima che sia troppo tardi».
Willem Van den Bossche, coautore dell’articolo e responsabile della conservazione della Flyway per Europa e Asia Centrale per BirdLife Europa, aggiunge: «E’ allarmante scoprire che nonostante l’impatto positivo della legislazione europea, metà dei 10 Paesi a più alta intensità di caccia illegale sono membri dell’Unione europea – Ciò indica la necessità di sforzi maggiori per assicurare che la direttiva europea Uccelli sia pienamente implementata a livello nazionale».
Un’altra delle autrici dello studio, Vicky Jones, responsabile Flyway per BirdLife International, evidenzia che «La caccia illegale è un problema di conservazione complesso. Affrontare questo tema richiede azioni a livello locale, nazionale e internazionale, coinvolgendo le forze dell’Ordine, la Magistratura, le associazioni venatorie, le autorità governative nazionali, le Ong e gli strumenti di politica internazionale».
in Egitto/Libia e a Cipro sono stati redatti i primi Piani d’azione nazionali per combattere la caccia illegale, grazie alle pressioni di un vasto numero di stakeholders, con lo scopo di rafforzare la legislazione e la sua applicazione, sviluppando il monitoraggio e sostenendo gli sforzi per intraprendere azioni a favore di singole specie. Ma Stuart Butchart, coautore della pubblicazione e direttore scienza a BirdLife International conclude: «Lo sfruttamento insostenibile è una delle maggiori minacce agli uccelli mondiali, e buona parte di esso è illegale. Il nostro studio è il primo a compilare stime quantitative dettagliate del problema nel Mediterraneo. L’identificazione da noi operata degli “hot spots” della caccia illegale ci aiuterà a mettere a fuoco gli sforzi da mettere in atto sul campo per fronteggiare questo problema».
I dati diffusi roguardo l’Illegal Killing nel Mediterraneo possono essere così dintetizzati:
uccelli illegalmente uccisi/catturati ogni anno (min – max)
1. Egitto 5,700,000 (741,000 – 10,600,000)
2. Italia 5,600,000 (3,400,000 – 7,800,000)
3. Siria 3,900,000 (2,900,000 – 4,900,000)
4. Libano 2,600,000 (1,700,000 – 3,5000,000)
5. Cipro 2,300,000 (1,300,000 – 3,200,000)
6. Grecia 704,000 (485,000 – 922,000)
7. Francia 522,000 (149,000 – 895,000)
8. Croazia 510,000 (166,000 – 855,000)
9. Libia 503,000 (325,000 – 680,000)
10. Albania 265,000 (206,000 – 325,000)
11. Spagna 254,000 (103,000 – 405,000)
12. Tunisia 139,000 (50,400 – 227,000)
13. Serbia 133,000 (104,000 – 163,000)
14. Montenegro 130,000 (64,000 – 197,000)
15. Malta 108,000 (5,800 – 211,000)
16. Territori Autorità palestinese 89,700 (70,000 – 109,000)
17. Portogallo 82,400 (32,400 – 133,000)
18. Marocco 74,400 (23,400 – 125,000)
19. Turchia 59,100 (24,400 – 93,900)
20. Bosnia ed Erzegovina 34,700 (22,400 – 46,900)
21. Algeria 28,900 (17,500 – 40,300)
22. Slovenia 21,900 (140 – 43,700)
23. Giordania 17,300 (13,000 – 21,600)
24. Macedonia FYR 2,100 (600 – 3,700)
Gibilterra non ci sono stime attendibili
Israele non ci sono stime attendibili.La Journée mondiale des oiseaux migrateurs, lancé en 2006, est une campagne de sensibilisation célébrée chaque année pour inspirer un niveau mondial, la protection des oiseaux migrateurs et de leurs habitats naturels. Créé en 2006 pour sensibiliser à l’importance de la protection des oiseaux migrateurs, la Journée mondiale est organisée par deux institutions internationales, CMS (Convention sur la conservation des espèces migratrices appartenant à la sauvage) et l’AEWA (Accord sur la conservation des oiseaux migrateurs d’Afrique de l’Europe et de l’Asie), opérant sous l’égide du Programme des Nations Unies (PNUE) – rappellent le ministère de l’Environnement. Le jour de cette année avait pour slogan “et quand les cieux deviendront silencieux?”. Une question qui fait référence aux millions d’oiseaux migrateurs qui disparaissent avec une fréquence croissante en raison de meurtres, prises, le commerce illicite et d’autres menaces à la biodiversité. La contribution des oiseaux migrateurs à notre capital naturel est malheureusement compromise par des mains humaines.
Lipu, à l’occasion de la Journée mondiale des oiseaux migrateurs en 2016, a publié l’étude «Évaluation préliminaire de la portée et l’ampleur de l’abattage illégal et de prendre les oiseaux en Méditerranée», déjà apparu sur des oiseaux Conservation International, ce qui montre qu’ils sont 25 millions oiseaux sauvages capturés ou tués dans toute la région méditerranéenne. Dans l’article, les auteurs présentent une analyse détaillée de combien d’oiseaux et les espèces sont touchées en raison de la chasse illégale, où sont les 20 pires zones de la Méditerranée pour la chasse illégale (où la capture ou la mise à mort a lieu de 8 millions oiseaux) et pourquoi différentes espèces sont ciblées dans chaque pays.
Le rapport publié le meurtre derniers spectacles août qui sont vingt zones avec la plus grande intensité de la chasse illégale concentrée dans quatre pays: Chypre, l’Egypte, le Liban et la Syrie. Le plus grand nombre d’oiseaux capturés ou tués dans la région méditerranéenne est inscrit en Egypte avec 5,7 millions, puis en Italie, et la Syrie 3,9 millions.
Les données sur l’Italie, explique le Lipu, parler d’un massacre de pinsons (entre deux et trois millions), pipits (500/900 mille exemplaires), merles (300/600 mille), gros-becs (200 000/1 million) et les étourneaux (100/500 mille).
Smack dans le pays, les zones où la Killing illégale est plus intense sont les Sulcis en Sardaigne (126.000 oiseaux abattus par an), de Brescia (112,000), et le delta du Pô (84.000). Mais “les résultats obtenus dans le Lipu Brescia et Sulcis, avec les camps anti-braconnage, sont susceptibles d’être à court perdu si vous ne continuez pas dans le contrôle constant du territoire et de la prévention des crimes de chasse», prévient Capria.
Les espèces en voie de disparition les plus touchées par la chasse illégale dans notre pays sont la sarcelle marbrée, 1 à 5 spécimens touchés (égale à 50% de la population d’élevage), le cerf-volant rouge, de 50 à 150 spécimens impliqués (30% de la population reproductrice) et le vautour percnoptère, entre 1 et 5 spécimens touchés (population reproductrice de 20%). Les oiseaux touchés par la chasse illégale, entre autres, comprennent la fauvette (1,2000000 à 2,4000000 d’individus chaque année), la tourterelle (entre 300 000 et 900 000) et la grive (entre 700 000 et 1, 8 millions). Dans de nombreux cas, les chiffres ont été calculés sur la base de l’utilisation de “brouillard filets” filets, des pièges utilisés pour le piégeage des rameaux (en “gluaux” en anglais) saupoudré avec de la colle pour attraper les petits oiseaux et admissions dans les centres pour la récupération de la faune.
La contribution des oiseaux migrateurs à notre capital naturel est malheureusement compromise par des mains humaines. Le ministère de l’Environnement dirigé par Gian Luca Galletti, déjà engagée sur plusieurs fronts pour les protéger, doit prochainement convoquer une conférence pour définir et adopter, en collaboration avec le ministère de l’Agriculture, des régions, la police, les associations, les mesures supplémentaires nécessaires environnementales et de chasse pour résoudre le problème.
Il y a 2.000 espèces d’oiseaux migrateurs – rappelez-vous le ministère – sur 20% de toutes les espèces connues, et migrer régulièrement. Plus de 40% est en déclin et près de 200 sont menacés. Depuis 1980, le nombre de fanelli a diminué de moitié, tandis que les oiseaux de terres agricoles perdues dans la même période, plus de 300 millions d’exemplaires. Chaque année des millions d’oiseaux sont tués par les réseaux le long des côtes d’Afrique du Nord.
Mais la Lipu ajoute notre distinction douteuse: «Le plus grand nombre d’oiseaux capturés ou tués dans la région méditerranéenne est enregistrée en Italie (entre 3,4 et 7,8 millions d’oiseaux), l’Egypte (entre 10 et 700 000, 6 millions) et la Syrie (entre 2,9 et 4,9 millions). La densité maximale de morts / catch est enregistrée à la place à Malte (entre 18 et 667 oiseaux par kilomètre carré par an), Chypre (146-351 par kilomètre carré) et le Liban (161-335 oiseaux par kilomètre carré) “. Les oiseaux touchés par la chasse illégale, entre autres, comprennent des espèces comme le pinson (2,9 millions de spécimens tués chaque année), la fauvette (1,2 à 2.400.000), la caille (1,6 million), grive (1,2 million), la tourterelle (entre 300 000 et 900 000) et la grive (entre 700 000 et 1,8 million), ainsi que les espèces classées comme vulnérables par la Liste rouge de l’UICN comme le plus grand courlis.
Claudio Celada, conservation directeur du département de la nature Lipu-BirdLife Italie, a déclaré à son tour: “Les oiseaux sauvages, un immense patrimoine de tous et qui ne connaît pas de frontières nationales ou internationales méritent routes migratoires, appelées voies de migration, plus sûr. Nous demandons donc que l’Europe et l’Italie, ce dernier, en particulier avec un plan anti-braconnage national et un resserrement des règles, devraient accroître leurs efforts pour la protection et la condamnation de l’illégalité, avant qu’il ne soit trop tard “.
Willem Van den Bossche, co-auteur et chef de conservation Flyway pour l’Europe et l’Asie centrale pour BirdLife Europe, ajoute: «Il est alarmant de constater que, malgré l’impact positif de la législation européenne, la moitié des 10 pays ayant la plus forte intensité la chasse illégale sont membres de l’Union européenne – Cela indique la nécessité de redoubler d’efforts pour veiller à ce que la directive Oiseaux européens est pleinement mis en œuvre au niveau national ».
Un autre des auteurs de l’étude, Vicky Jones, chef Flyway pour BirdLife International, a souligné que “La chasse illégale est un problème de conservation complexe. Aborder cette question nécessite une action à l’échelle locale, nationale et internationale, impliquant les forces, le système judiciaire, les associations de chasse, les autorités gouvernementales nationales, ONG et instruments de politique internationale. ”
Egypte / Libye et Chypre ont rédigé le premier plan d’action national de lutte contre la chasse illégale, grâce à la pression d’un grand nombre de parties prenantes, dans le but de renforcer la législation et son application, le développement suivi et d’appui les efforts visant à prendre des mesures en faveur des espèces individuelles. Mais Stuart Butchart, co-auteur de la publication et directeur de la science à BirdLife International conclut: «L’exploitation non durable est une menace majeure pour les oiseaux du monde, et une grande partie est illégale. Notre étude est la première à compiler une estimation quantitative détaillée du problème en Méditerranée. L’identification de nous fait de «points chauds» de la chasse illégale nous aidera à se concentrer sur les efforts à entreprendre dans le domaine pour résoudre ce problème “.
Les données publiées regard l’abattage illicite en Méditerranée peuvent être réassumer:
Oiseaux tués illégalement / capturés chaque année (min – max)
1. L’Égypte 5700000 (741000 – 10600000)
2. Italie 5,600,000 (3,400,000 – 7,800,000)
3. Syrie 3,900,000 (2,900,000 – 4,900,000)
4. Liban 2.600.000 (1.700.000 – 3,5000,000)
5. Chypre 2.300.000 (1.300.000 – 3.200.000)
6. Grèce 704,000 (485,000 à 922,000)
7. France 522.000 (149,000 à 895,000)
8. Croatie 510.000 (166,000 à 855,000)
9. Libye 503,000 (325,000 à 680,000)
10. Albanie 265.000 (206,000 à 325,000)
11. Espagne 254.000 (103,000 à 405,000)
12. La Tunisie 139.000 (50,400 à 227,000)
13. Serbie 133.000 (104.000-163000)
14. Monténégro 130.000 (64,000 à 197,000)
15. Malte 108,000 (5,800 à 211,000)
16. Territoires palestiniens Autorité 89.700 (70,000 à 109,000)
17. Portugal 82.400 (32,400 à 133,000)
18. Maroc 74,400 (23,400 à 125,000)
19. La Turquie 59.100 (24,400 à 93,900)
20. Bosnie-Herzégovine 34.700 (22,400 à 46,900)
21. Algérie 28.900 (17,500 à 40,300)
22. Slovénie 21900 (140 à 43,700)
23. Jordan 17.300 (13,000 à 21,600)
24. ARY de Macédoine 2,100 (600 à 3,700)
Gibraltar il n’y a pas d’estimations fiables
Israël, il n’y a pas d’estimations fiables.

Migrants in the Mediterranean: the data of the ‘International Organization for Migration

  • 28 April 2016

jordan 12 flu game for salejordan 12 flu game for salejordan 12 flu game sizingair jordan 12 flu game for saleair jordan 12 flu game 2016 for salejordan 12 flu game priceair jordan 12 flu game 2016 for saleair jordan 12 flu game 2016 for salejordan 12 flu game for saleair jordan 12 flu game for salejordan 12 flu game 2016 for salejordan 12 flu game 2016 for saleair jordan 12 flu game 2016 for salejordan 12 flu game for salejordan 12 flu game for saleair jordan 12 flu game for saleair jordan 12 flu game 2016 for salejordan 12 flu game for salejordan 12 flu game for salejordan 12 flu game 2016 for saleMigrants arrived in Europe by sea between January 1 and April 25, 2016 are 181,476. A return it the IOM, International Organization for Migration, which monitors the landings along the Mediterranean Sea between the coasts of Spain, Italy, Greece and Cyprus.
In Italy, this figure reaches 24,894 since the beginning of 2016 to the present, 7499, and in particular between 1 and 25 April, to which should be added the 1,130 that are landing at this time in Italian ports where hotspots are active, the identification canters took the European Union and managed by Frontex, the ‘EU Agency for border control. Between 1 and 30 April 2015, in the same period last year, according to Interior Ministry data they had reached 26,228 persons, so in line with what is happening this year.
Since 2006, the International Organization for Migration is working with the Department of Civil Liberties and Immigration of the Ministry and the Italian border authorities in identifying victims of trafficking in human beings arriving by sea. In recent years, the IOM has strengthened this commitment through the signing of appropriate protocols with the Public Prosecutors General of Palermo and Reggio Calabria, and has established close cooperation with the investigating authorities, the national anti-trafficking system, the communities that are part of you and social services of the major municipalities affected by the phenomenon of landings. In 2014, IOM has expanded its activities to assist victims with the creation of two specialized anti-trafficking team, in addition to providing legal guidance to immigrants just landed on the care programs offered by law, carry on business as technical assistance in favour of the operators of the reception canters, the police and all those involved in the management of the phenomenon. These teams composed of anti-trafficking and cultural mediators of the ethnic groups most affected by the phenomenon of trafficking experts alongside IOM staff present since 2006 at major landing sites and government canters for immigration is carried out jointly with UNHCR general information on the Italian legislation on immigration and asylum. The experience gained by the IOM has confirmed the need to establish close cooperation relations with the border authorities, the medical staff and other non-governmental organizations present and engaged at landing sites to optimize the interventions of assistance to migrants and identify with timing the vulnerable deserve protection. In 2014 the number of migrants arrived on Italian shores has been a significant increase over previous years, with over 170,000 people landed: four times when compared with the figure for 2013. This trend was confirmed in 2015 with over 140,987 arrivals (31 October 2015). It is mixed migration flows, people who leave their countries in search of employment opportunities, better socio-economic conditions but also fleeing conflict, persecution and serious violations of human rights. The deterioration of the security situation in some neighbouring countries such as Libya, has aggravated a situation of grave instability that affected an area already suffering from major political and social changes and has encouraged the development of criminal and paramilitary groups who have often found in smuggling a particularly profitable business and functional to their growth and control of the territory.
The presence of IOM in the main landing sites puts the organization in a privileged position that allows you to monitor and investigate the phenomenon of trafficking and its continuous and sudden changes. However, this is a partial view which is built from the experience gained by organizations and associations concerned with the identification and assistance to victims in the area. Nevertheless, the organization believes it can make a number of recommendations and proposals for better management of the phenomenon and for a more rapid identification and protection of victims, in particular:
1. The IOM believes that a change in cultural approach to the management of the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings: it has proved necessary to experience action including the “end users” of such trade, with awareness campaigns (especially among the younger generations) that illustrate clearly what is behind the advertising of sexual services.
2. The repression of the phenomenon should not be limited to the protection of public order and decorum, but should include integrated measures to assist victims, starting with the defense of health and their safety.
3. The OIM points out the urgent need to adopt the National Plan on trafficking that would make operational effective protection of victims, including legal assistance, psychological and health. And “particularly important to increase the number of communities willing to accept the minor migrants”.
4. There should be a strengthening of the absorption capacity of the victims of trafficking who are identified as such already at the time of landing. This would ensure their immediate protection and they can be away from the exploiters, often in those vehicles barges. In this sense it would be useful to provide for the creation of protected areas, of “safe houses”, dedicated exclusively to these cases.
5. It is especially urgent to standardize the application of the share path to the judiciary. The Italian legislation is undoubtedly one of the most advanced in Europe in terms of protection of victims of trafficking, by making it possible to offer a period of reflection. In fact, some women do not want to immediately report their traffickers for fear of reprisals against their families. Still, the girls who do not immediately denounce their exploiters have more difficulty being protected. It would thus be generalized to make the application of a provision already exists in current law, precisely meant to offer protection to all victims regardless of the complaint of criminal responsibility.
6. The IOM considers it useful to formalize a steady referral system between the Territorial Commissions for the Recognition of International Protection and the National Anti-Trafficking system. Such cooperation would contribute to the emergence of the phenomenon and the protection of victims as required by law. It ‘also necessary to provide a structured collaboration between the National System Anti trafficking and the Mission Structure of the Department of Civil Liberties and Immigration of the Ministry in charge of managing the reception of unaccompanied minors arriving by sea to ensure’ immediate identification and protection of victims of trafficking minors.
7. The IOM finally believes it is essential to provide for a continuous updating system in favour of law enforcement, border authorities, and operators engaged in landing operations and the initial reception to be able to explain the phenomenon, contributing to an early identification and protection of victims of trafficking promptly and effectively.

Sono 181.476 i migranti arrivati in Europa via mare tra l’1 gennaio e il 25 aprile 2016. A riportarlo l’Oim, Organizzazione internazionale per le migrazioni, che monitora gli sbarchi lungo il mar Mediterraneo tra le coste di Spagna, Italia, Grecia e Cipro.
In Italia, tale dato arriva a 24.894 dall’inizio del 2016 a oggi, e in particolare 7499 tra l’1 e il 25 aprile, a cui si dovrebbero aggiungere le 1130 che stanno sbarcando in queste ore nei porti italiani dove sono attivi gli hotspots, i centri di identificazione voluti dall’Unione europea e gestiti da Frontex, l’ Agenzia Ue per il controllo delle frontiere. Tra l’1 e il 30 aprile 2015, ovvero nello stesso periodo dell’anno scorso, secondo dati del ministero dell’Interno erano arrivate 26.228 persone, quindi in linea con quanto sta avvenendo quest’anno.
Sin dal 2006 l’Organizzazione Internazionale per le Migrazioni collabora con il Dipartimento Libertà Civili e Immigrazione del Ministero dell’Interno e le autorità italiane di frontiera nell’identificazione delle vittime della tratta di esseri umani in arrivo via mare. Negli ultimi anni l’OIM ha rafforzato tale impegno attraverso la stipula di appositi protocolli con le Procure Generali di Palermo e Reggio Calabria e ha instaurato una stretta collaborazione con le autorità inquirenti, il sistema nazionale anti-tratta, le comunità che vi fanno capo e i servizi sociali dei maggiori Comuni interessati dal fenomeno degli sbarchi. Nel 2014, l’OIM ha potenziato la sua attività di assistenza alle vittime con la creazione di due team anti-tratta specializzati che, oltre a fornire orientamento legale ai migranti appena sbarcati sui percorsi di protezione offerti dalla normativa vigente, svolgono un’attività di assistenza tecnica in favore degli operatori dei centri di accoglienza, delle forze dell’ordine e di tutti gli attori coinvolti nella gestione del fenomeno. Tali team, composti da esperti anti-tratta e mediatori culturali delle etnie maggiormente interessate dal fenomeno della tratta, affiancano il personale dell’OIM presente sin dal 2006 presso i principali luoghi di sbarco e nei centri governativi per l’immigrazione che svolgono in collaborazione con l’UNHCR un’informativa generale sulla normativa italiana in materia di immigrazione e asilo. L’esperienza maturata dall’OIM ha confermato la necessità di stabilire dei rapporti di stretta collaborazione con le autorità di frontiera, lo staff sanitario e le altre organizzazioni non governative presenti e impegnate presso i luoghi di sbarco per ottimizzare gli interventi di assistenza in favore dei migranti e individuare con tempismo i soggetti vulnerabili meritevoli di tutela. Nel 2014 il numero di migranti giunti sulle coste italiane ha registrato un sensibile incremento rispetto agli anni precedenti, con oltre 170.000 persone sbarcate: il quadruplo se confrontato con il dato del 2013. Tale tendenza è stata confermata nel 2015 con oltre 140.987 arrivi (al 31 ottobre 2015). Si tratta di flussi migratori misti, persone che lasciano i loro paesi in cerca di opportunità lavorative, condizioni socio economiche migliori ma anche in fuga da conflitti, persecuzioni e gravi violazioni di diritti umani. Il deteriorarsi delle condizioni di sicurezza in alcuni paesi vicini come la Libia, ha aggravato una situazione di grave instabilità che interessava un’area già provata da grandi cambiamenti politici e sociali e ha favorito lo sviluppo di gruppi criminali e paramilitari che hanno, spesso, trovato nel traffico di migranti un business particolarmente redditizio e funzionale alla loro crescita e al controllo del territorio.
La presenza dell’OIM nei principali luoghi di sbarco pone l’Organizzazione in una posizione privilegiata che le permette di monitorare e approfondire il fenomeno della tratta e i suoi continui e repentini mutamenti. Si tratta tuttavia di una visione parziale che va integrata dall’esperienza maturata dalle organizzazioni e associazioni che si occupano di identificazione e assistenza alle vittime sul territorio. Cionondimeno l’Organizzazione ritiene di potere formulare una serie di raccomandazioni e proposte per la migliore gestione del fenomeno e per una più rapida identificazione e protezione delle vittime, in particolare:
1. L’OIM ritiene necessario un cambio di approccio culturale alla gestione del fenomeno della tratta di esseri umani: si ravvisa la necessità di sperimentare interventi che includano gli “utilizzatori finali” di tale commercio, prevedendo delle campagne di sensibilizzazione (soprattutto presso le nuove generazioni) che illustrino con chiarezza cosa c’è dietro l’offerta di prestazioni sessuali.
2. Le attività di repressione del fenomeno non dovrebbero limitarsi alla tutela del decoro e dell’ordine pubblico, ma dovrebbero includere interventi integrati di assistenza alle vittime, partendo dalla difesa della salute e della loro incolumità.
3. L’OIM ricorda l’urgenza di adottare il piano nazionale sulla tratta che renderebbe operativa una protezione efficace delle vittime, che comprenda l’assistenza legale, psicologica e sanitaria. E’ particolarmente importante che aumenti anche il numero delle comunità disposte ad accogliere le migranti minorenni.
4. È necessario prevedere un rafforzamento della capacità di accoglienza delle vittime di tratta che vengono individuate come tali già al momento dello sbarco. Ciò consentirebbe di assicurare loro un’immediata protezione e di poterle allontanare dagli sfruttatori, spesso a bordo degli stessi barconi. In tal senso sarebbe utile prevedere la creazione di luoghi protetti, delle “case di fuga”, dedicate esclusivamente a questi casi.
5. È particolarmente urgente uniformare l’applicazione del percorso sociale a quello giudiziario. La legislazione italiana è senz’altro una delle più avanzate in Europa in termini di tutela delle vittime di tratta, prevedendo la possibilità di offrire un periodo di riflessione. Alcune donne, infatti, non vogliono denunciare immediatamente i loro sfruttatori per paura di ritorsioni contro i loro familiari. Eppure, le ragazze che non denunciano immediatamente i loro sfruttatori hanno più difficoltà ad essere protette. Si tratterebbe quindi di rendere generalizzata l’applicazione di una norma già esistente nella vigente legge, pensata appunto per offrire protezione a tutte le vittime a prescindere dalla denuncia dei responsabili del crimine.
6. L’OIM ritiene utile formalizzare un sistema di referral costante tra le Commissioni territoriali per il Riconoscimento della Protezione Internazionale e il Sistema Nazionale Anti Tratta. Tale collaborazione contribuirebbe all’emersione del fenomeno e alla protezione delle vittime così come previsto dalla normativa vigente. E’ necessario anche prevedere una collaborazione strutturata tra il Sistema Nazionale Anti tratta e la Struttura di Missione del Dipartimento Libertà Civili e Immigrazione del Ministero dell’Interno che si occupa di gestire l’accoglienza dei minori non accompagnati che arrivano via mare per garantire un’immediata identificazione e protezione delle vittime di tratta minorenni.
7. L’OIM infine ritiene sia fondamentale prevedere un sistema di aggiornamento costante in favore delle forze dell’ordine, delle autorità di frontiera, e degli operatori impegnati nella gestione dello sbarco e nella prima accoglienza per potere comprendere appieno il fenomeno, contribuire ad una identificazione precoce e proteggere le vittime di tratta con tempestività ed efficacia.Sont-181,476 migrants arrivés en Europe par la mer entre le 1er Janvier et le 25 Avril 2016. A retourner l’OIM, l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations, qui surveille les débarquements le long de la mer Méditerranée entre les côtes de l’Espagne, l’Italie, la Grèce et Chypre.
En Italie, ce chiffre atteint 24.894 depuis le début de 2016 pour le présent, 7499, et en particulier entre 1 et 25 Avril, à laquelle il faut ajouter le 1130 qui atterrissait à cette époque dans les ports italiens où les points chauds sont actifs, les centres d’identification ont pris l’Union européenne et géré par Frontex, l’ ‘Agence européenne de contrôle des frontières. Entre le 1er et le 30 Avril 2015, soit dans la même période l’an dernier, selon les données du ministère de l’Intérieur, ils avaient atteint 26,228 personnes, donc en ligne avec ce qui se passe cette année.
Depuis 2006, l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations travaille avec le Département des libertés civiles et de l’immigration du ministère et les autorités italiennes frontalières à identifier les victimes de la traite des êtres humains arrivant par la mer. Au cours des dernières années, l’OIM a renforcé cet engagement par la signature de protocoles appropriés avec les procureurs généraux de Palerme et Reggio de Calabre, et a établi une coopération étroite avec les autorités chargées de l’enquête, le système anti-trafic national, les communautés qui font partie de vous et services sociaux des grandes municipalités touchées par le phénomène des débarquements. En 2014, l’OIM a élargi ses activités pour aider les victimes avec la création de deux équipes spécialisées anti-traite, en plus de fournir des conseils juridiques aux immigrants vient d’atterrir sur les programmes de soins offerts par la loi, exercer l’activité l’assistance technique en faveur des opérateurs des centres d’accueil, la police et toutes les personnes impliquées dans la gestion du phénomène. Ces équipes, composées de lutte contre la traite et de médiateurs culturels des groupes ethniques les plus touchés par le phénomène des experts de la traite aux côtés de l’OIM personnel présent depuis 2006 dans les principaux sites de débarquement et les centres gouvernementaux en matière d’immigration est réalisée conjointement avec le HCR des informations générales sur la législation italienne en matière d’immigration et d’asile. L’expérience acquise par l’OIM a confirmé la nécessité d’établir des relations de coopération avec les autorités frontalières, le personnel médical et d’autres organisations non gouvernementales présentes et engagés sur les sites d’atterrissage pour optimiser les interventions d’assistance aux migrants et identifier avec synchronisation les plus vulnérables méritent une protection. En 2014, le nombre de migrants sont arrivés sur les côtes italiennes a eu une augmentation significative par rapport aux années précédentes, avec plus de 170.000 personnes a atterri: quatre fois par rapport au chiffre de 2013. Cette tendance a été confirmée en 2015 avec plus de 140.987 arrivées (31 octobre 2015). Il est des flux mixtes de migration, les personnes qui quittent leur pays à la recherche de possibilités d’emploi, de meilleures conditions socio-économiques, mais aussi fuyantes le conflit, les persécutions et les violations graves des droits de l’homme. La détérioration de la situation de sécurité dans certains pays voisins tels que la Libye, a aggravé une situation de grave instabilité qui a affecté une zone qui souffre déjà de grands changements politiques et sociaux et a encouragé le développement de groupes criminels et paramilitaires qui ont souvent trouvé dans la contrebande une entreprise particulièrement rentable et fonctionnelle à leur croissance et le contrôle du territoire.
La présence de l’OIM dans les principaux sites de débarquement met l’organisation dans une position privilégiée qui vous permet de surveiller et d’enquêter sur le phénomène de la traite et de ses changements continus et soudains. Cependant, ceci est une vue partielle qui est construit à partir de l’expérience acquise par les organisations et associations concernées par l’identification et l’assistance aux victimes dans la région. Néanmoins, l’organisation estime qu’il peut faire un certain nombre de recommandations et de propositions pour une meilleure gestion du phénomène et pour une identification plus rapide et la protection des victimes, en particulier:
1. L’ OIM n’estime qu’un changement d’approche culturelle à la gestion du phénomène de la traite des êtres humains: il est apparu nécessaire de faire l’expérience des mesures, y compris les «utilisateurs finaux» de ce commerce, avec des campagnes de sensibilisation (en particulier chez les plus jeunes générations) qui illustrent clairement ce qui est derrière la publicité des services sexuels.
2. La répression du phénomène ne doit pas être limitée à la protection de l’ordre public et le décorum, mais devrait inclure des mesures intégrées pour aider les

victimes, à commencer par la défense de la santé et leur sécurité.
3. L’OIM souligne le besoin urgent d’adopter le Plan national sur le trafic qui rendrait une protection efficace opérationnelle des victimes, y compris l’assistance juridique, psychologique et la santé. Et «particulièrement important d’augmenter le nombre de communautés prêtes à accepter les migrants mineurs.
4. Il devrait y avoir un renforcement de la capacité d’absorption des victimes de la traite qui sont identifiés comme tels déjà au moment de l’atterrissage. Cela permettrait d’assurer leur protection immédiate et ils peuvent être loin des exploiteurs, souvent dans ces véhicules barges. Dans ce sens, il serait utile de prévoir la création d’aires protégées, de «maisons sûres», dédiée exclusivement à ces cas.
5. Il est particulièrement urgent d’uniformiser l’application de la voie de l’action à la magistrature. La législation italienne est sans aucun doute l’un des plus avancés d’Europe en matière de protection des victimes de la traite, en permettant d’offrir une période de réflexion. En fait, certaines femmes ne veulent pas signaler immédiatement les trafiquants par crainte de représailles contre leurs familles. Pourtant, les filles qui ne dénoncent pas immédiatement leurs exploiteurs ont plus de difficulté à protéger. Il serait donc être généralisé pour rendre l’application d’une disposition existe déjà dans la loi actuelle, signifiait précisément pour offrir une protection à toutes les victimes indépendamment de la plainte de la responsabilité pénale.
6. L’OIM estime utile de formaliser un système de référence stable entre les commissions territoriales pour la reconnaissance de la protection internationale et le système de la traite nationale anti. Cette coopération contribuera à l’émergence du phénomène et la protection des victimes conformément à la loi. Il est également nécessaire de prévoir une collaboration structurée entre le trafic Système national Anti et la structure de la mission du Département des libertés civiles et de l’immigration du ministère en charge de la gestion de l’accueil des mineurs non accompagnés arrivant par la mer pour assurer ‘ identification immédiate et la protection des victimes de la traite des mineurs.
7. L’OIM estime enfin qu’il est essentiel de prévoir un système de mise à jour continue en faveur de l’application de la loi, les autorités frontalières, et les opérateurs engagés dans des opérations de débarquement et la réception initiale pour être en mesure d’expliquer le phénomène, ce qui contribue à un identification précoce et la protection des victimes de la traite rapidement et efficacement.

Global warming: UN meeting for the ratification of Paris Agreement

  • 24 April 2016

The 175 world leaders on April 22, gathered at the headquarters of Nations to ratify the provisions. For the first time in UN history over 175 States have signed an international agreement the first day it is open for signature. The High Representatives of Governments have also spoken with positive spirit underlining the commitment to act quickly to make the Paris agreement a reality, and affirming that the political will has never been so strong as now.
The signing of the agreement, moreover, is only a first step. Because the text to enter into force and produce tangible results, at least 55 countries (which must cover at least 55 percent of global emissions), should ratify, approve or accept the Agreement.
The agreement will enter into force 30 days after at least 55 countries have submitted the ratification to Ban Ki-moon.
The agreement is particularly urgent if we consider the data related to global warming: last month there was the warmest March ever, after 11 consecutive months of record temperatures. One of the worst drought-hit eastern and southern Africa, 93% of the Great Barrier Reef was hit by coral bleaching and the Greenland ice sheet is facing an early season of ice melting, with record temperatures that reached almost 20 ° C above the average.
Are just a few of the most recent effects of climate change and it is the sad contemporary scene in which you have just held at the United Nations Headquarters in New York – on the occasion of the Earth Day 2016 – the ceremony of the signing of Paris, which revolves around the collective commitment to keep global warming to 1.5 ° C compared to pre-industrial.
“It’s urgent to do more – explains the environmental organization – The surface of our planet has just experienced the hottest months on record. E ‘must start immediately very ambitious actions if we are to have any chance of staying below the threshold of extreme risk to the natural systems of the Earth and for the most vulnerable human communities on the planet “.
Because the promise of keeping global warming under control, does not remain only on paper, 195 countries will have to get to New York with commitments to new and ambitious actions to be taken by 2020 on renewable energies, energy efficiency, conservation of forests to make funding available for climate and for the quick exit from the use of fossil fuels, which have led to this dramatic situation.
The agreement provides in detail that the rise in temperature is contained “well below 2 degrees Celsius”, trying to stop and + 1.5 °. To hit the target, emissions must start to decline from 2020.
Moreover, unlike previous agreements on the subject, this involves the whole world: they have joined the biggest polluters over Europe, namely China, India and the United States, which pledged to cut emissions.
The text provides a review process of the objectives that must be held every five years. However, already in 2018 it will ask the states to increase emissions cuts, so get ready in 2020. The first five-year monitoring will be in 2023 and then to follow.
The old industrialized countries will deliver one hundred billion per year (from 2020) to spread around the world green technologies and decarbonise the economy. A new financial goal will be fixed at the latest in 2025. They will also contribute funds and private investors.
The agreement also gives way to a reimbursement mechanism to compensate for the financial losses caused by climate change in the most vulnerable countries geographically, often the poorest are.
Criticism major energy moves from environmentalists and scientists concern, first of all, not timely departure. According to many it is risky to establish in 2018-2023 the first revision of the national targets on the amount of emissions: if the world continues to pollute as usual for another three years, at which point it will be impossible to achieve the objectives of the Paris agreement.
It also was not expressly provided no date for the elimination of emissions. Not a timetable leading to progressive has been set, but total replacement of fossil energy sources. The request of environmentalists was to arrive at a reduction of 70 percent from current levels around 2050, and achieve zero emissions in the next decade.
It is not scheduled a date for the decarbonisation of the economy, probably because of lobbying from oil and gas producers.
Checks will be self-certified, as required by the emerging countries, led by China. Most industrialized countries did; in fact, they were the international bodies to monitor compliance of emission allowances, unlike understanding from the controls provided for in the Paris.
There are not found agreement on charges of aircraft emissions and ships in international routes. It is for this, but also to the power of the companies, which once again the exhaust gases of aircraft and ships defy control.
Fifteen countries are already virtuous: it comes mostly from rising level of the insular and most threatened oceans States that have already ratified the agreement. These are Barbados, Belize, Fiji, Grenada, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Nauru, Palau, Palestine, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Somalia and Tuvalu.
Several states have announced plans to join the agreement in 2016, including: Australia, Argentina, Cameroon, Canada, China, France, Mali, Mexico, the Philippines and the United States. Other countries, including Brazil, the European Union and the Russian Federation have pledged to work quickly to
Complete the necessary steps for the accession to the Agreement.
The meeting held at the palace of glass also has the task of setting up the work for the next meeting in Bonn, the delegations’ meeting where they will resume the meeting thread of Paris concluding what was left pending. And ‘therefore essential that world leaders not only from sending strong signals to their negotiators, but instruct them on the key elements necessary to give the Paris Agreement concreteness.
The interests underlying the agreement advertising and pressures to prompt ratification, however, are not only the nobles. In fact, more than environmental groups, including a large group of international investors interested in the development of the green economy called for an early entry into force and the speedy implementation of the Agreement, with a letter signed by several associations representing 400 global investors managing assets of about 24 trillion dollars. Investors point out, very pragmatically, that the countries which will join soon the Paris agreement will have greater regulatory certainty, and this will help to attract more investments for decarbonisation and for a more sustainable future concretely. The national commitments offered by most of the participating countries at COP 21, are insufficient to achieve the targets of the Agreement.
To be ambitious-and point to the 100% of renewables energies are huge companies like Google, Apple, Microsoft, Nike, Mars and many others- and investment funds managing over 24 trillion dollars.
The commitments are quite stringent, and, paradoxically, the European Union, which has always boasted of being the leader of transformation, is likely to be late with the ratification process, having to wait for it to express the 29 national parliaments.
On the Old Continent, in fact, the speech becomes more complicated and gloomy. Far from being a true leader and an effective enthralling, the EU is mired in the ‘distribution’ of national CO2 reduction targets. Usually frontrunners, Europe are now stuck waiting for the legislative package for 2030 launched before the summer.
Maroš Šefčovič, Vice Jean-Claude Juncker, has pledged to achieve the results for September: a countdown that could split the EU, with stragglers cut off from the first COP (Meeting of the Parties) of the Agreement, which will be launched details decisive on transparency mechanisms of action (mitigation, adaptation, coverage of the damage and losses) and support (technological, financial and construction of the organized skills) and the annual monitoring of compliance with standards.
The plan in Brussels is to present together and the proposal for ratification of Paris both national targets for 2030 for CO2 reduction for sectors not covered by the European emissions trading (ETS), such as agriculture, transport and construction. However, not even the brilliant Commissioner Miguel Arias Canete Climate is aware that the process to ensure the support of 28 different governments and 29 parliaments, including Eurocamera, “will take time,” he told the New York ceremony.
Even within the EU palaces voice is not unanimous. “After Paris the whole world is moving except for the EU,” explains Bas Eickhout, Vice President of the Green Group at the European Parliament. The US and China have already announced their intention to ratify the agreement this year, probably around September, coinciding with the UN General Assembly. “These two countries together account for about 40% of emissions, that with India becoming 45%” Eickhout said, that “if you were to also add Japan, under pressure from the US, the entry into force in 2016 or 2017 becomes likely, without the EU. ” Since coming into force, the agreement-saving climate needs ratification by 55 countries, covering at least 55% of global emissions, a scenario is unlikely that this can happen without the block of 28 countries. That, in addition to losing credibility as leaders, it could remain cut off from the first key decisions on rules and procedures. An entirely different view, however, is understandable in Giovanni La Via, President of the Committee on Environment European Parliament, speak. “We are 28 countries, it is normal that the ratification process is more complex and this is not a race, what matters is the objective, which is achieved together,” he said.
Note also that the battle at the diplomatic level will not end with Paris, because the agreement has remained outside reducing emissions in the sectors of air and sea transport. A debate that must be strictly dealt with globally but hindered by the International Maritime and the Civil Aviation Organization (IMO and ICAO), still far from Launch a comprehensive extent size-CO2. But even on this front it seems that the EU keeps up. Also according Eickhout Europe has focused on other dossiers, and is not doing great pressure.
In this context of paralysis Italy could play an important role in the G7, which has the presidency next year. But the lack of interest of the chairman of the board for environmental issues has emerged quite clearly in the referendum on the augers.
As for the actions against Italy, it must start from data released by the Climate Report of the Sustainable Development Foundation: global greenhouse gas emissions in 2014 and 2015 have been stable despite the increase in GDP of around 3% per year. But in Italy in 2015, after years of decline (-20% in 2014 compared to 1990), greenhouse gas emissions have actually increased by 2.5%. The increase, which interrupts a positive series of reductions, is due to the growth of GDP, the drop in oil and gas prices, the increase in energy consumption, a slowdown in energy efficiency policies and the interruption of growth of renewable energy sources.
Between 2005 and 2012 Italy, the development of renewable sources, has achieved some impressive results with the help of incentives bringing clean energy from 8 to 16% of national consumption, doing better than the European average, ranking among world leaders. But the last three years, the situation has reversed: according to the report, renewable increased from 16.7% in 2013 to 17.3% in 2015, with a modest growth of 0.2% per year and is decreased the share of electricity from renewable sources from 43% to 38% between 2014 and 2015.
In doing so, despite having already hit the EU target of 17% in 2020, Italy is very far from the objective of the European 27% for 2030 and also from the implementation of the Agreement of Paris.
“By placing the objective of the change in temperature in an intermediate position – between 1.5 ° C and 2 ° C – with the agreement of Paris, Italy in 2030 should reduce greenhouse gas emissions by around 50% compared 1990: this would require a strong commitment to savings and energy efficiency with a reduction of the expected consumption by about 40% and doubling the share of renewable sources, from 17.3% to about 35% of final energy consumption to 2030, and the only electric power, renewables should meet at least 2/3 of the electricity demand, “says the Foundation.
To implement the Paris Agreement, in essence, our country will have to define a new National Energy Strategy with ambitious targets to 2030. A company not easy, gave the Italian disease to fossil fuels.

Metrofood-Ri: a European network for food safety

  • 9 April 2016

On March 30th, was held at ENEA’s first national meeting for the construction and start-up of the Italian node METROFOOD-RI which aims to bring together all actors and stakeholders.
The project of the new infrastructure of pan-European research led by ENEA (METROFOOD-RI) was rated “emerging” for its scientific excellence in the domain “Health & Food”. The project, coordinated by Italy, is currently supported by Portugal, Romania, Austria, Spain, Greece, France, Czech Republic, Turkey, Moldova, Macedonia, Republic of Slovenia and the participation of 31 partners from 15 different European countries .
In addition to allowing the development of research and the advancement of knowledge in the different fields related to the Agribusiness, METROFOOD-RI system will determine the improvement of production and the expansion of markets, promoting the product and process innovation and promoting competitiveness and sustainability. Even the institutions involved to ensure food security and to combat counterfeiting and local and regional bodies working to improve the protection and use of natural resources will greatly benefit from this RI, in terms of improved efficiency and effectiveness of the controls and greater system reliability of decision making underpinning the territorial and social policies. In addition to the effects on health in terms of improved safety and health of the productions, METROFOOD-RI will allow a real approach of science to the needs of citizens, the strengthening of consumer confidence and the establishment of the virtuous cycle of demand and supply that contributes to promote authenticity and quality of the productions.
A METROFOOD-RI national level represents a great opportunity to integrate scientific resources and skills, aligning research and innovation to the values, the needs and expectations of the Company and implement the convergence and cohesion policies. This first national meeting aims to bring together all actors and stakeholders, so as to draw a shared location for the construction and start-up of the Italian node METROFOOD-RI.
It aims to support scientific research, product and process innovation and make more effective the controls in the food sector. FAO also among the more than 30 international partners. The beneficiaries will be consumers, businesses and all institutions involved to ensure food security and to combat counterfeiting.
METROFOOD-RI will rely on a “physical infrastructure” consists of a widespread network of laboratories, but also by fields, experimental farms and technological equipment for the production and processing of food products in 15 European countries. A web platform will allow you to share and make available information and data.
The initiative involves a sub-fund, the agri-food, which in Italy has 58 thousand enterprises with a turnover of 133 billion Euros, while the so-called Italian sounding – the false Made in Italy – only in this sector has exceeded 60 billion euro turnover, almost double the value of exports of the original products.
“Metrology for the food processing is an emerging field – explains Joanna Zappa ENEA, coordinator of the project – which opens up new possibilities in terms of quality, safety and traceability of food. In addition to strengthening international cooperation and to develop harmonized methodologies and procedures at European level to perform chemical and biological measures increasingly reliable, with METROFOOD intend to bring science closer to citizens, strengthening consumer confidence in the quality and authenticity of the food production ” .
The new search infrastructure has been presented today in Rome at the headquarters of ENEA during the conference “METROFOOD-RI: a new European infrastructure for the development of the agri-food system and Consumer Protection”, which was attended, in addition to Agency researchers, representatives of the Ministers of Economic Development, Health, Education, University and Research, Agriculture and Foreign Affairs, Agency for National Cohesion, ESFRI (European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures), APRE (Agency for the Promotion of European Research ), National Agrifood Cluster, ISS (National Institute of Health), INRIM (National Institute of Metrological Research), CNR, CREA (Council for Research in Agriculture) and INVITALIA.
” In addition to strengthening international cooperation and develop harmonized methods and procedures at European level to perform chemical and biological measures increasingly reliable, with Metrofood intend to bring science closer to citizens, strengthening consumer confidence in the quality and authenticity of the products food ”.