Report of the Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights on Minorities in Tunisia

  • 31 October 2016

All States have an obligation to submit periodic reports to the Committee on how these rights are respected.

The last periodic report of this Committee on Tunisia emphasizes that the Tunisian State does not adequately consider the Berber / Amazigh culture. In particular, the CESCR notes that the definition of the Arab-Muslim identity of the state could lead to violations of the linguistic and cultural rights of the Berber minority, especially through the imposition of Arabic as the exclusive language in public education. The UN Committee also highlights the scarcity of funds allocated to culture and protection of cultural heritage of the Berber population in Tunisia. The report of the CESCR is the encounter between UN experts and a Tunisian government delegation, led by Secretary of State for relations with the constitutional instances and civil society and human rights, Mehdi Ben Gharbia, about the measures taken by Tunisia to implement the recommendations contained in the international Covenant on economic, social and cultural rights. On the question ” Berber ”, Mehdi Ben Gharbia said to the media that ” minorities, especially Berber, enjoy in Tunisia of the same constitutional rights reserved to the rest of the population and that all minorities are accepted in Tunisia. There is an Arab-Muslim identity but the Constitution protects minorities. The Tunisian government has no problem with a minority, whatever it may be, the minister said. However no specific studies have ever been conducted on this theme in Tunisia.Il Comitato sui Diritti Economici, Sociali e Culturali è un organo di 18 esperti indipendenti che controlla l’attuazione del Patto internazionale sui diritti economici, sociali e culturali degli stati membri.

Tutti gli Stati hanno l’obbligo di presentare relazioni periodiche alla commissione per come questi diritti sono rispettati.

L’ultimo rapporto periodico di questo Comitato sulla Tunisia sottolinea come lo Stato tunisino non consideri adeguatamente la cultura berbera/amazigh. In particolare il Cescr constata che la definizione di identità arabo-musulmana dello Stato potrebbe condurre a violazioni dei diritti linguistici e culturali delle minoranze berbere, soprattutto attraverso l’imposizione dell’arabo come lingua esclusiva nell’insegnamento pubblico. Il Comitato Onu inoltre evidenzia la scarsità dei mezzi finanziari destinati alla cultura e alla protezione del patrimonio culturale della popolazione berbera in Tunisia. Il rapporto del Cescr è il frutto dell’incontro tra esperti Onu e una delegazione governativa tunisina, guidata dal segretario di Stato per le relazioni con le Istanze costituzionali e la società civile e dei diritti dell’Uomo, Mehdi Ben Gharbia, a proposito delle misure adottate dalla Tunisia per mettere in pratica le raccomandazioni contenute nel Patto internazionale relativo ai diritti economici. sociali e culturali. Sulla questione ”berbera”, Mehdi Ben Gharbia ha dichiarato ai media che ”le minoranze, soprattutto berbere, godono in Tunisia dei medesimi diritti costituzionali riservati al resto della popolazione e che tutte le minoranze sono accote in Tunisia. Esiste una indentità arabo-musulmana ma la Costituzione protegge le minoranze. Il governo tunisino non ha alcun problema con nessuna minoranza, quale essa sia, ha detto il ministro. Tuttavia nessuno studio specifico è mai stato condotto su questo tema in Tunisia.Le Comité des droits économiques, sociaux et culturels est un organe de 18 experts indépendants qui surveille l’application du Pacte international relatif aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels des Etats membres.

Tous les États ont l’obligation de présenter des rapports périodiques au Comité sur la façon dont ces droits sont respectés.

Le dernier rapport périodique de ce Comité sur la Tunisie souligne que l’Etat tunisien ne considère pas adéquatement la / culture amazighe berbère. En particulier, le CESCR note que la définition de l’identité arabo-musulmane de l’Etat pourrait conduire à des violations des droits linguistiques et culturels de la minorité berbère, en particulier par l’imposition de l’arabe comme langue exclusive dans l’enseignement public. Le Comité des Nations Unies souligne également la rareté des fonds achat tadalafil en ligne alloués à la culture et à la protection du patrimoine culturel de la population berbère en Tunisie. Le rapport du CESCR est la rencontre entre les experts des Nations Unies et une délégation du gouvernement tunisien, dirigé par le secrétaire d’Etat pour les relations avec les instances constitutionnelles et de la société civile et les droits de l’homme, Mehdi Ben Gharbia, sur les mesures prises par la Tunisie pour mettre en œuvre les recommandations contenues dans le Pacte international sur les droits économiques, sociaux et culturels. Sur la question ” berbère ”, Mehdi Ben Gharbia a dit aux médias que ” les minorités, en particulier berbère, jouissent en Tunisie des mêmes droits constitutionnels réservés au reste de la population et que toutes les minorités sont acceptées en Tunisie. Il y a une identité arabo-musulmane, mais la Constitution protège les minorités. Le gouvernement tunisien n’a pas de problème avec aucune minorité, quelle qu’elle soit, le ministre dit. Toutefois, aucune étude spécifique n’a jamais été menée sur ce thème en Tunisie.

Approved the European funding of 200 million for the project PRIMA

  • 23 October 2016

The European Commission has approved a financing of 200 million euro for the partnership PRIMA -Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area- which aims to support research and innovation in water management and sustainable food production in the Mediterranean basin.

In recent years, the agricultural sector in the Mediterranean has been suffering from severe water shortages and decreasing crop yields. Today, 180 million people in the Mediterranean basin are considered ‘water poor’. The lack of clean water and nutritious food has negative effects on the health and stability of populations.

Moreover, the concerns of groups increasingly large sections of the population for the future of the Planet and the emergence of a new more careful sensitivity to issues of social inclusion and environmental protection define an intellectual and cultural challenge that must necessarily be collected from the world research and by those who have the responsibility to train the citizens of the future.

Under the proposal, the general objective of the PRIMA project is to strengthen cooperation in research and innovation in the Mediterranean countries in order to contribute to the challenges of sustainable food production and supply of water in the Mediterranean region.

In line with the guidelines provided in the Regulation better guidelines, and with the support of a group of external experts, the European Commission services are now carrying out an assessment of the PRIMA Initiative impact. The purpose of this process is to analyse the need for an EU intervention in this area and the potential economic, social and environmental impacts of alternative policy options.

Launched in December 2014 by the Italian EU Presidency, backed by eight other countries bordering the basin, the project PRIMA saw immediately the participation of several non-EU states, such as Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey, which were subsequently added other basin countries like Israel and non-Mediterranean European countries, such as Luxembourg and the Czech Republic, while negotiations are under way for the accession of Germany. The partnership will move the PRIMA steps in 2018 and will last decade thanks to a fund by 400 million financed half by the acceding countries and for the other half from the EU framework program for research, Horizon 2020.

This is especially critical with respect to complex issues relating to the safety and quality of food and water resources systems. As these issues certainly not respect borders of states, research, innovation and training, if they want to be effective, must overcome the fragmentation and duplication of initiatives typical of the Mediterranean region.

For this reason, the representatives of the Mediterranean countries have established a joint research program called PRIMA, “Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean area”, whose basic goal is to develop innovative solutions and multidimensional on agriculture, food processing and water use, and to promote their practical application by end-users, which is essential because the euro-Mediterranean societies are inclusive, sustainable and health-conscious citizens.

To allow the strongest possible integration of the present research program, it was asked the European Commission to define as PRIMA European initiative based on Article 185 TFEU. This legislative tool, in fact, the complete integration at scientific, management and financial performance of the national research policies on specific topics identified in a strategic and long-term perspective. There are, to date, software art. 185 relating to the Baltic Sea, vaccines and different issues of metrology.

The originality of the PRIMA project lies in the partnership, which involves, for the PRIMA time in a project of art. 185, European Union member states (France, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Greece, Malta, Cyprus, Germany) and non-EU Mediterranean countries (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Israel).

The coordination of the Intergovernmental Working Group responsible for drawing up the program was entrusted by the Minister of Education, Universities and Italian Research, project leader, Angelo Riccaboni, rector of the University of Siena, which for this purpose chairs a core Group consisting of representatives of all the countries of the Mediterranean.

complex issues such as security and quality of food and water resources systems cannot be confined to the limits of borders of the states, especially in a diverse and complex as that of the Mediterranean basin, where the agro-food themes they are of such particular importance for the socio-economic fabric.

“PRIMA – Partnership for Research and Innovation Area Mediterranean” is a joint research initiative and innovation that involves both EU countries outside the EU in the Mediterranean basin. This ambitious program aims to develop innovative and practical solutions in the field of agriculture, food industry and use of water resources while promoting their use by operators in the sector, for a sustainable agriculture and food production throughout euro-Mediterranean region. Overall, 200 million euro was allocated by the different countries in the initiative for a period of ten years.

The preparation of the Project PRIMA has been one of the objectives of the EU Italian Presidency semester. The most innovative feature of PRIMA lies in partnership, involving both EU member states (France, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Greece, Malta, Cyprus, Germany) and non-EU Mediterranean countries (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey , Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Israel).

International Forum of the Oasis: Tozeur 14 -18 October

  • 21 October 2016

From 14 to 18 October 2016 it was held in Tozeur, Tunisia, the Oasis Forum. The event is the result of a partnership between numerous national and international organizations, in fact, several donors, including the European Union and Oxfam, have contributed financially to the organization of this initiative.

The Forum was attended by about three hundred people, interested in the delicate issue of sustainable development of the oasis. The goal of the event was to turn the spotlight on the fragility and the new challenges that the ecosystems of these places are facing, by promoting the participation of the public and private sector actors, civil society and the world of research the debate and the search for sustainable solutions for the preservation of the oases.

The oases in the Maghreb are in fact in recent years to face major changes, economic, social, cultural, but above all climate that need a sustainable and inclusive for their optimal management approach.

The middle three days were dedicated each to analyse the issue from a different perspective: the scientific one, which concentrated on the analysis of weaknesses and opportunities of oasiani ecosystems, the ecological and environmental, and economic with a focus on the promotion of investments and possible methods of valuation of oasis products. In addition to the conduct of plenary sessions in the large tent set up in the conference room, the spaces have been left available for side events, which allowed the participants to exhibit and debate on issues of common interest and share best practices.

In the margins of the Forum, the project “For a better regional cohesion of civil society in the Maghreb in favour of sustainable rural development and inclusive”, funded by the European Union and implemented by Oxfam, will hold its closing seminar.

The meeting explains Stefano Linguanotto of Oxfam- focused on best practices in capacity-building and networking of associations. On the afternoon of October 15 it was held an open session in which the associations belonging to Remess and Remadel networks, Oxfam’s partners in the project, presented their advocacy collective initiatives.

The European Union ratifies the Paris climate agreement: COP21 enters into force

  • 15 October 2016

It is scheduled for November the entry into force of the agreement on the climate signed in Paris in 2015. In fact, even the Environment Committee of the Chamber of the European Union gives the green light to ratify the COP21. To be effective, the agreement must be ratified by least fifty States, representing 55% of the emissions of gases that cause the greenhouse effect. With the ratification by the USA and China in September, it has come to about 40% of emissions. “The EU has a long experience of leadership in the fight against climate change,” said Ban Ki-moon before the vote, saying that “to date are 62 countries that are part of the agreement.” The vote of the European Parliament “offers the opportunity to take a historic step,” he notes, but also the opportunity to build a more sustainable economy and competitive and stable society. “Your country recognized the importance of the threat and they were ready to seize the opportunities of the changes in the economy that will lead to healthier society, “he concluded”. Today the European Union has transformed the ambitions on climate change in climate action. The Paris Agreement is the first of its kind and would not have been possible without the European Union. Today, we continued to demonstrate leadership and proven that together, the European Union brings concrete results, “commented Jean-Claude Junker before the vote in plenary. October 2 was added India: membership is important from a political point of view that number: the country, in fact, is among the major “polluting” and its contribution represents a major step forward towards achieving the threshold of 55% of emissions. Advocate of the Agreement from the first preparatory meetings, the European Union is, however, remained behind with the ratification process of the COP21. Thus, it was found to play a key role on the world stage: with its 12% of emissions, in fact, had the power to bring into force officially the Paris Agreement. Power exercised in these hours. 30 September came the ok of European environment ministers, gathered in an ad hoc Council to speed up the ratification process. So, in one day, it came ahead of the plenary of the European Parliament, with 610 votes in favour, 38 against and 31 abstentions. With the approval of the EP, the Council can formally adopt the decision.

In parallel, Member States will ratify the Paris agreement individually, in accordance with their parliamentary procedures. 7 countries have already completed their national ratification processes: Hungary, France, Slovakia, Austria, Malta,