Sister-hood: a web-magazine to give voice to the women of Islam

  • 21 May 2016

The filmmaker honoured with an Emmy, Deeya Khan, founded a new online magazine in order to give space to the female voices of Islam: it’s ‘Sister-hood’, on line officially after months of gestation.
The web-magazine collects and offers the most diverse items of female Islamic world: “those women who – says the editorial – stoves to be part of the news as victims, as jihadi brides, or wearers of the veil and hijab, link to return to the centre of the debate.”
The information site will collect testimonies, like the one who publishes a woman excluded from the funeral of his father, courageous stances (such as the testimony of feminist who took off her veil for one day) news and debates.
Deeya Khan, of Afghan origin, but grew up in Norway, explained that Sisterhood is an attempt to keep alive the history of the rights and those who fought for them, to claim the ideas that today, in the silence of women’s voices and empty d ‘information, seem radical. The creator of the site is not new to such initiatives. In 2007, the director had launched a music sharing platform for young Muslim artists. Gestures to his revolutionary way, for there were many in the Arab world believe that women should be relegated to the feminine boundaries outlined by the Orthodox.
In 2015, moreover, the Khan has organized an international conference in Oslo to celebrate creativity and activism of women in the Islamic world. From the response she decided to invest in another initiative: Sister-hood. Among his collaborators include religious practitioners, former devotees, but also agnostic. Deeya Khan writes: “I always ask: what happened to the women’s resistance against injustice, political oppression or religious they are? Here we go, we are always been here.” Backed by Fuuse, the company’s director of productions, this new editorial project is based on voluntary funds, but since it is a non-profit project does not host advertising.
Currently on the site you can read the articles, among others, the Egyptian writer Nawal el-Sadaawi, an icon of the Arab feminism, the Israeli journalist naturalized Italian, Rula Jebreal, the professor of international law Karima Bennoune, of Algerian origin, with the chair in California, the US Muslim blogger Amani, Sanam Nuraghi-Anderlini, co-founder of ICAN, the International civil action Network society, active organization in the Middle East and northern Africa against extremism and militarism, the British blogger Halima Begum and of ‘Pakistani artist Sabba Khan.
The initiative of the Norwegian director is part of a very complicated picture. The protection of women’s rights under Islam, unfortunately, despite the cultural differences between different countries and more or less extremist views, is still far from universally recognized standards.
A recent survey was carried out by an American independent researcher, Pew Center, which carried out 38,000 interviews with “visually” in 39 nations. In 20 of the 23 countries in which it was asked whether a woman should always obey her husband at least half of the respondents said yes, with high percentages in Southeast Asia, South Asia, Middle East and North Africa. The largest number of yes is in Malaysia (96%), followed by Afghanistan (94%), Tunisia and Indonesia (93%), Morocco and Iraq (92%). Egypt is 85%, Lebanon 74%. In Central Asia data are not homogeneous. It ranges from 89% in Tajikistan, 65% in Turkey to 51% in Kazakhstan. Only among European Muslims the music is different. If Russian Muslims are no exception peaking above half so, (69%), Bosnia is at 45%, Albania and Kosovo to 40% to 34%. Things are better to the question must be women to choose to wear the veil? Yes I highly dominant in Europe (in Bosnia we are at 92% to 91% in Kosovo, in Albania 85%, Russia 65%) but also in Central Asia (Turkey is 90%) and Southeast Asia (Indonesia and Thailand 79%, Malaysia 77%), while South Asia is split: 70% of Pakistan is facing a 56% of Bangladesh and above 30% of Afghanistan, where the veil in its most extreme version, the burka, it is still very popular.
In the Middle East and North Africa in the face of an 89% yes in Tunisia and 85% in Morocco, we have 53% in the Palestinian Territories, 46% in Egypt and 45% in Iraq. Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region where the majority of Muslims think that the right of choice on the veil is not for women. With the exception of Senegal (58%) all the other countries are below 50%: Mali 42%, Kenya 41%, Niger 34%, Cameroon 33%, Nigeria 30%, and the Democratic Republic of Congo 29% (where Muslims they are largely minority, less than 4%, but are evidently radicals). Divorce in 13 of the 22 countries in which was placed the demand at least half the Muslims polled said that a woman has the right to divorce. The opinion is widely prevalent among European Muslims (94% Bosnia, Albania 84%, Russia 60%) and Central Asia (Turkey 85%), but not among the Muslims in the rest of Asia (Indonesia 32%, Pakistan 26%, Malaysia 8%, with the exception of Bangladesh, 62%). Split the Middle East / North Africa. Despite an 81% favourable in Tunisia and 73% in Morocco, Egypt and Jordan are at 22% and 14% in Iraq. Note that in many countries (72% Liberia, Pakistan, Mali, Ethiopia, 71%), divorce as such is defined morally wrong, a percentage that falls in others (6%

Egypt, Lebanon 8% Iraq 26%).
With regard to inheritance rights, only 12 countries out of 23 the response of the majority is that they must be the same for male and female children. If Turkey we are at 88% and Indonesia at 76%, in Pakistan, it falls to 53%, Lebanon 35%, in Afghanistan to 30%, Egypt 26%, Iraq 22%. And in Morocco and Tunisia just 15%.

10th May: World Day migratory birds

  • 13 May 2016

The World Day of Migratory Birds, launched in 2006, is an awareness campaign annually celebrated to inspire a global level, the protection of migratory birds and their natural habitats. Established in 2006 to raise awareness on the importance of the protection of migratory birds, the World Day is organized by two international institutions, CMS (Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild) and AEWA (Agreement on the Conservation of African migratory birds from Europe and Asia), operating under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) – reminds the Ministry of Environment. The day this year had as its slogan “and when the heavens will become silent?” A question that refers to the millions of migratory birds that disappear with increasing frequency due to killings, catch, illegal trade and other threats to biodiversity. The contribution of migratory birds to our natural capital is unfortunately jeopardized by human hands.
Lipu, on the occasion of the World Day of migratory birds in 2016, published the study “Preliminary assessment of the scope and scale of illegal killing and taking birds in the Mediterranean”, already appeared on Bird Conservation International, which shows that they are 25 million wild birds captured or killed in the whole Mediterranean region. In the article the authors present a detailed analysis of how many birds and which species are being impacted due to illegal hunting, where are the 20 worst areas of the Mediterranean for illegal hunting (where the capture or killing takes place 8 million birds) and why different species are targeted in each country.
The report published The killing (preview) last August shows that are twenty areas with the greatest intensity of illegal hunting concentrated in four countries: Cyprus, Egypt, Lebanon and Syria. The highest number of birds captured or killed in the Mediterranean region is registered in Egypt with 5.7 million, then in Italy, and Syria 3.9 million.
The data on Italy, explains the Lipu, speak of a massacre of finches (between two and three million), pipits (500/900 thousand copies), robins (300/600 thousand), hawfinches (200 thousand / 1 million) and starlings (100/500 thousand).
Smack in the country, the areas where the illegal Killing is more intense are the Sulcis in Sardinia (126,000 birds slaughtered per year), from Brescia (112,000), and the Po delta (84,000). But “the results achieved in the Lipu Brescia and Sulcis, with anti-poaching camps, are likely to be short-wasted if you do not continue in constant control of the territory and prevention of hunting crimes” warns Capria.
The endangered species most affected by illegal hunting in our country are the marbled teal, 1 to 5 specimens affected (equal 50% of the breeding population), the red kite, from 50 to 150 specimens involved (30% of breeding population) and the Egyptian vulture, between 1 and 5 specimens affected (20% breeding population). Birds affected by illegal hunting, among others, include the blackcap (1.2000000

to 2.4000000 of individuals every year), the turtle dove (between 300 thousand and 900 thousand) and the song thrush (between 700 thousand and 1, 8 million). In many cases, the numbers were derived based on the use of “mist-nets” nets, traps used for the trapping of twigs (in English “limesticks”) sprinkled with glue to catch small birds and admissions in centres for the recovery of wildlife.
The contribution of migratory birds to our natural capital is unfortunately jeopardized by human hands. The Ministry of Environment led by Gian Luca Galletti, already engaged on several fronts to protect them, shall shortly call a conference to define and adopt, together with the Agriculture Ministry, the Regions, the Police, the associations environmental and hunting, further necessary measures to address the problem.
There are 2,000 species of migratory birds – remember the ministry – on 20% of all known species, and migrate regularly. More than 40% is in decline and almost 200 are threatened. Since 1980 the number of fanelli has halved, while birds of agricultural land lost in the same period, more than 300 million copies. Every year millions of birds are killed by the networks along the coasts of North Africa.
But the Lipu adds our dubious distinction: “The highest number of birds captured or killed in the Mediterranean region is recorded in Italy (between 3.4 and 7.8 million birds), Egypt (between 10 and 700 thousand, 6 million), and Syria (between 2.9 and 4.9 million). The maximum density of kill / catch is recorded instead in Malta (between 18 and 667 birds per square kilometre per year), Cyprus (146 to 351 per square kilometre) and Lebanon (161-335 birds per square kilometre). “Birds affected by illegal hunting, among others, include species like the finch (2.9 million specimens killed each year), the blackcap (1.2 – 2.4 million), quail (1.6 million), Song thrush (1.2 million), the turtle dove (between 300 thousand and 900 thousand) and the song thrush (between 700 thousand and 1.8 million), as well as species classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN red List as the curlew greater.
Claudio Celada, conservation department director nature of Lipu-BirdLife Italy, said in turn: “Wild birds, an immense patrimony of all and which knows no national or international borders deserve migration routes, called flyways, safer. We therefore ask that Europe and Italy, the latter in particular with a national anti-poaching plan and a tightening of the rules, should increase their efforts for the protection and condemnation of illegality, before it is too late. ”
Willem Van den Bossche, co-author and head of conservation Flyway for Europe and Central Asia for BirdLife Europe, adds: “It ‘alarming to find that despite the positive impact of European legislation, half of the 10 countries with the highest intensity illegal hunting are European Union members – This indicates the need for greater efforts to ensure that the European Birds Directive is fully implemented at national level. ”
Another of the authors of the study, Vicky Jones, head Flyway for BirdLife International, pointed out that “Illegal hunting is a complex conservation problem. Addressing this issue requires action at the local, national and international, involving the forces, the judiciary, the hunting associations, national government authorities, NGOs and international policy instruments. ”
Egypt / Libya and Cyprus were drafted the first National Action Plan to combat illegal hunting, thanks to the pressure of a large number of stakeholders, with the aim to strengthen legislation and its application, developing monitoring and supporting efforts to take action in favour of individual species. But Stuart Butchart, co-author of the publication and director of science at BirdLife International concludes: “The unsustainable exploitation is a major threat to world birds, and much of it is illegal. Our study is the first to compile detailed quantitative estimates of the problem in the Mediterranean. The identification from us made of “hot spots” of illegal hunting will help us to focus on the efforts to be undertaken in the field to address this problem. ”
The data released regard the Illegal Killing in the Mediterranean can be so summarised:
Birds illegally killed / captured each year (min – max)
1. Egypt 5,700,000 (741,000 – 10,600,000)
2. Italy 5,600,000 (3,400,000 – 7,800,000)
3. Syria 3,900,000 (2,900,000 – 4,900,000)
4. Lebanon 2,600,000 (1,700,000 – 3,5000,000)
5. Cyprus 2,300,000 (1,300,000 – 3,200,000)
6. Greece 704.000 (485.000 to 922.000)
7. France 522.000 (149.000 to 895.000)
8. Croatia 510.000 (166.000 to 855.000)
9. Libya 503.000 (325.000 to 680.000)
10. Albania 265.000 (206.000 to 325.000)
11. Spain 254.000 (103.000 to 405.000)
12. Tunisia 139.000 (50.400 to 227.000)
13. Serbia 133,000 (104000-163000)
14. Montenegro 130.000 (64.000 to 197.000)
15. Malta 108,000 (5.800 to 211.000)
16. Palestinian Authority Territories 89.700 (70.000 to 109.000)
17. Portugal 82.400 (32.400 to 133.000)
18. Morocco 74.400 (23.400 to 125.000)
19. Turkey 59.100 (24.400 to 93.900)
20. Bosnia and Herzegovina 34.700 (22.400 to 46.900)
21. Algeria 28.900 (17.500 to 40.300)
22. Slovenia 21,900 (140 to 43.700)
23. Jordan 17.300 (13.000 to 21.600)
24. FYR Macedonia 2,100 (600 to 3.700)
Gibraltar there is no reliable estimates
Israel there is no reliable estimates.

La Giornata Mondiale degli Uccelli Migratori, lanciata nel 2006, è una campagna di sensibilizzazione celebrata annualmente per ispirare, a livello globale, la salvaguardia degli uccelli migratori e dei loro habitat naturali. Istituita nel 2006 per sensibilizzare sull’importanza della tutela degli uccelli migratori, la Giornata mondiale è organizzata da due istituzioni internazionali, Cms (Convenzione sulla conservazione delle specie migratrici selvatiche) e Aewa (Accordo sulla conservazione degli uccelli migratori africani, europei e asiatici), che operano sotto l’egida del Programma delle Nazioni Unite per l’Ambiente (Unep) – ricorda il Ministero dell’Ambiente. La giornata aveva quest’anno come slogan “e quando i cieli diverranno silenziosi?”. Una domanda che fa riferimento ai milioni di uccelli migratori che scompaiono con sempre maggiore frequenza a causa di uccisioni, catture, commerci illegali e altre minacce alla biodiversità. L’apporto degli uccelli migratori al nostro capitale naturale è purtroppo messo a rischio dalla mano dell’uomo.
La Lipu, in occasione della Giornata mondiale degli uccelli migratori 2016, ha pubblicato lo studio “Preliminary assessment of the scope and scale of illegal killing and taking birds in the Mediterranean”, già comparso su Bird Conservation International, dal quale emerge che sono 25 milioni gli uccelli selvatici catturati o uccisi nell’intera regione del Mediterraneo. Nell’articolo gli autori presentano una dettagliata analisi su quanti uccelli e quali specie subiscono un impatto a causa della caccia illegale, dove si trovano le 20 peggiori aree del Mediterraneo per la caccia illegale (ove avviene la cattura o l’uccisione di 8 milioni di uccelli) e perché diverse specie vengono prese di mira nei singoli Paesi.
Il report The killing pubblicato (in anteprima) lo scorso agosto evidenzia che sono venti aree a maggior intensità di caccia illegale concentrate in quattro Paesi: Cipro, Egitto, Libano e Siria. Il più alto numero di uccelli catturati o uccisi nella regione del Mediterraneo si registra in Egitto con 5,7 milioni, poi in Italia, e Siria 3,9 milioni.
I dati sull’Italia, spiega la Lipu, parlano di una strage di fringuelli (tra i due e i tre milioni), pispole (500/900mila esemplari), pettirossi (300/600mila), frosoni (200mila/1 milione) e storni (100/500mila).
Nel bel Paese, le aree in cui l’illegal killig è più intenso sono il Sulcis in Sardegna (126.000 uccelli abbattuti l’anno), il bresciano (112.000), e il delta del Po (84.000). Ma “i risultati della Lipu ottenuti a Brescia e nel Sulcis, con i campi antibracconaggio, rischiano di essere a breve vanificati se non si proseguirà nel costante controllo del territorio e nella prevenzione dei reati venatori” mette in guardia Capria.
Le specie minacciate di estinzione più colpite dalla caccia illegale nel nostro Paese sono l’anatra marmorizzata, da 1 a 5 esemplari colpiti (pari 50% della popolazione nidificante), il nibbio reale, da 50 a 150 esemplari coinvolti (pari al 30% della popolazione nidificante) e il capovaccaio, tra 1 e 5 esemplari colpiti (20% popolazione nidificante). Gli uccelli colpiti dalla caccia illegale, tra le altre, includono la capinera (1,2-2,4 milioni di individui ogni anno), la tortora selvatica (tra le 300mila e le 900mila) e il tordo bottaccio (tra i 700mila e 1,8 milioni). In molti casi, i numeri sono stati ricavati in base all’uso di reti “mist-nets”, di trappole utilizzate per l’uccellagione, di rametti (in inglese “limesticks”) cosparsi di colla per la cattura di piccoli uccelli e dai ricoveri nei centri per il recupero della fauna selvatica.
L’apporto degli uccelli migratori al nostro capitale naturale è purtroppo messo a rischio dalla mano dell’uomo. Il ministero dell’Ambiente guidato da Gian Luca Galletti, già impegnato su vari fronti per la loro tutela, convocherà a breve una Conferenza per definire e adottare, insieme con il ministero dell’Agricoltura, le Regioni, le Forze dell’Ordine, le associazioni ambientaliste e venatorie, ulteriori misure necessarie per contrastare il fenomeno.
Esistono 2.000 specie di uccelli migratori – ricorda il ministero – , il 20% di tutte le specie conosciute, e migrano regolarmente. Più del 40% è in declino e quasi 200 sono minacciate. Dal 1980 il numero di fanelli è dimezzato, mentre gli uccelli dei terreni agricoli hanno perso, nello stesso periodo, più di 300 milioni di esemplari. Ogni anno milioni di uccelli vengono uccisi dalle reti lungo le coste del Nordafrica.
Ma la Lipu aggiunge un nostro triste primato: «Il più alto numero di uccelli catturati o uccisi nella regione del Mediterraneo si registra in Italia (tra i 3,4 e i 7,8 milioni di uccelli), Egitto (tra i 700mila e i 10,6 milioni), e Siria (tra i 2,9 e i 4,9 milioni). La massima densità di uccisioni/catture si registra invece a Malta (tra i 18 e i 667 uccelli ogni anno per chilometro quadrato), Cipro (146-351 per chilometro quadrato) e Libano (161-335 uccelli per chilometro quadrato)». Gli uccelli colpiti dalla caccia illegale, tra le altre, includono specie come il fringuello (2,9 milioni di esemplari uccisi ogni anno), la capinera (1,2 – 2,4 milioni), la quaglia (1,6 milioni), il tordo bottaccio (1,2 milioni), la tortora selvatica (tra le 300mila e le 900mila) e il tordo bottaccio (tra i 700mila e 1,8 milioni), oltre a specie classificate come Vulnerabili dalla Lista rossa come il chiurlo maggiore.
Claudio Celada, direttore dipartimento di conservazione natura della Lipu-BirdLife Italia, sottolinea a sua volta: «Gli uccelli selvatici, un immenso patrimonio di tutti e che non conosce confini nazionali o internazionali si meritano delle rotte migratorie, dette flyways, più sicure. Chiediamo dunque che l’Europa e l’Italia, quest’ultima in particolare con un Piano antibracconaggio nazionale e un inasprimento delle norme, incrementino gli sforzi per la conservazione e la condanna delle illegalità, prima che sia troppo tardi».
Willem Van den Bossche, coautore dell’articolo e responsabile della conservazione della Flyway per Europa e Asia Centrale per BirdLife Europa, aggiunge: «E’ allarmante scoprire che nonostante l’impatto positivo della legislazione europea, metà dei 10 Paesi a più alta intensità di caccia illegale sono membri dell’Unione europea – Ciò indica la necessità di sforzi maggiori per assicurare che la direttiva europea Uccelli sia pienamente implementata a livello nazionale».
Un’altra delle autrici dello studio, Vicky Jones, responsabile Flyway per BirdLife International, evidenzia che «La caccia illegale è un problema di conservazione complesso. Affrontare questo tema richiede azioni a livello locale, nazionale e internazionale, coinvolgendo le forze dell’Ordine, la Magistratura, le associazioni venatorie, le autorità governative nazionali, le Ong e gli strumenti di politica internazionale».
in Egitto/Libia e a Cipro sono stati redatti i primi Piani d’azione nazionali per combattere la caccia illegale, grazie alle pressioni di un vasto numero di stakeholders, con lo scopo di rafforzare la legislazione e la sua applicazione, sviluppando il monitoraggio e sostenendo gli sforzi per intraprendere azioni a favore di singole specie. Ma Stuart Butchart, coautore della pubblicazione e direttore scienza a BirdLife International conclude: «Lo sfruttamento insostenibile è una delle maggiori minacce agli uccelli mondiali, e buona parte di esso è illegale. Il nostro studio è il primo a compilare stime quantitative dettagliate del problema nel Mediterraneo. L’identificazione da noi operata degli “hot spots” della caccia illegale ci aiuterà a mettere a fuoco gli sforzi da mettere in atto sul campo per fronteggiare questo problema».
I dati diffusi roguardo l’Illegal Killing nel Mediterraneo possono essere così dintetizzati:
uccelli illegalmente uccisi/catturati ogni anno (min – max)
1. Egitto 5,700,000 (741,000 – 10,600,000)
2. Italia 5,600,000 (3,400,000 – 7,800,000)
3. Siria 3,900,000 (2,900,000 – 4,900,000)
4. Libano 2,600,000 (1,700,000 – 3,5000,000)
5. Cipro 2,300,000 (1,300,000 – 3,200,000)
6. Grecia 704,000 (485,000 – 922,000)
7. Francia 522,000 (149,000 – 895,000)
8. Croazia 510,000 (166,000 – 855,000)
9. Libia 503,000 (325,000 – 680,000)
10. Albania 265,000 (206,000 – 325,000)
11. Spagna 254,000 (103,000 – 405,000)
12. Tunisia 139,000 (50,400 – 227,000)
13. Serbia 133,000 (104,000 – 163,000)
14. Montenegro 130,000 (64,000 – 197,000)
15. Malta 108,000 (5,800 – 211,000)
16. Territori Autorità palestinese 89,700 (70,000 – 109,000)
17. Portogallo 82,400 (32,400 – 133,000)
18. Marocco 74,400 (23,400 – 125,000)
19. Turchia 59,100 (24,400 – 93,900)
20. Bosnia ed Erzegovina 34,700 (22,400 – 46,900)
21. Algeria 28,900 (17,500 – 40,300)
22. Slovenia 21,900 (140 – 43,700)
23. Giordania 17,300 (13,000 – 21,600)
24. Macedonia FYR 2,100 (600 – 3,700)
Gibilterra non ci sono stime attendibili
Israele non ci sono stime attendibili.La Journée mondiale des oiseaux migrateurs, lancé en 2006, est une campagne de sensibilisation célébrée chaque année pour inspirer un niveau mondial, la protection des oiseaux migrateurs et de leurs habitats naturels. Créé en 2006 pour sensibiliser à l’importance de la protection des oiseaux migrateurs, la Journée mondiale est organisée par deux institutions internationales, CMS (Convention sur la conservation des espèces migratrices appartenant à la sauvage) et l’AEWA (Accord sur la conservation des oiseaux migrateurs d’Afrique de l’Europe et de l’Asie), opérant sous l’égide du Programme des Nations Unies (PNUE) – rappellent le ministère de l’Environnement. Le jour de cette année avait pour slogan “et quand les cieux deviendront silencieux?”. Une question qui fait référence aux millions d’oiseaux migrateurs qui disparaissent avec une fréquence croissante en raison de meurtres, prises, le commerce illicite et d’autres menaces à la biodiversité. La contribution des oiseaux migrateurs à notre capital naturel est malheureusement compromise par des mains humaines.
Lipu, à l’occasion de la Journée mondiale des oiseaux migrateurs en 2016, a publié l’étude «Évaluation préliminaire de la portée et l’ampleur de l’abattage illégal et de prendre les oiseaux en Méditerranée», déjà apparu sur des oiseaux Conservation International, ce qui montre qu’ils sont 25 millions oiseaux sauvages capturés ou tués dans toute la région méditerranéenne. Dans l’article, les auteurs présentent une analyse détaillée de combien d’oiseaux et les espèces sont touchées en raison de la chasse illégale, où sont les 20 pires zones de la Méditerranée pour la chasse illégale (où la capture ou la mise à mort a lieu de 8 millions oiseaux) et pourquoi différentes espèces sont ciblées dans chaque pays.
Le rapport publié le meurtre derniers spectacles août qui sont vingt zones avec la plus grande intensité de la chasse illégale concentrée dans quatre pays: Chypre, l’Egypte, le Liban et la Syrie. Le plus grand nombre d’oiseaux capturés ou tués dans la région méditerranéenne est inscrit en Egypte avec 5,7 millions, puis en Italie, et la Syrie 3,9 millions.
Les données sur l’Italie, explique le Lipu, parler d’un massacre de pinsons (entre deux et trois millions), pipits (500/900 mille exemplaires), merles (300/600 mille), gros-becs (200 000/1 million) et les étourneaux (100/500 mille).
Smack dans le pays, les zones où la Killing illégale est plus intense sont les Sulcis en Sardaigne (126.000 oiseaux abattus par an), de Brescia (112,000), et le delta du Pô (84.000). Mais “les résultats obtenus dans le Lipu Brescia et Sulcis, avec les camps anti-braconnage, sont susceptibles d’être à court perdu si vous ne continuez pas dans le contrôle constant du territoire et de la prévention des crimes de chasse», prévient Capria.
Les espèces en voie de disparition les plus touchées par la chasse illégale dans notre pays sont la sarcelle marbrée, 1 à 5 spécimens touchés (égale à 50% de la population d’élevage), le cerf-volant rouge, de 50 à 150 spécimens impliqués (30% de la population reproductrice) et le vautour percnoptère, entre 1 et 5 spécimens touchés (population reproductrice de 20%). Les oiseaux touchés par la chasse illégale, entre autres, comprennent la fauvette (1,2000000 à 2,4000000 d’individus chaque année), la tourterelle (entre 300 000 et 900 000) et la grive (entre 700 000 et 1, 8 millions). Dans de nombreux cas, les chiffres ont été calculés sur la base de l’utilisation de “brouillard filets” filets, des pièges utilisés pour le piégeage des rameaux (en “gluaux” en anglais) saupoudré avec de la colle pour attraper les petits oiseaux et admissions dans les centres pour la récupération de la faune.
La contribution des oiseaux migrateurs à notre capital naturel est malheureusement compromise par des mains humaines. Le ministère de l’Environnement dirigé par Gian Luca Galletti, déjà engagée sur plusieurs fronts pour les protéger, doit prochainement convoquer une conférence pour définir et adopter, en collaboration avec le ministère de l’Agriculture, des régions, la police, les associations, les mesures supplémentaires nécessaires environnementales et de chasse pour résoudre le problème.
Il y a 2.000 espèces d’oiseaux migrateurs – rappelez-vous le ministère – sur 20% de toutes les espèces connues, et migrer régulièrement. Plus de 40% est en déclin et près de 200 sont menacés. Depuis 1980, le nombre de fanelli a diminué de moitié, tandis que les oiseaux de terres agricoles perdues dans la même période, plus de 300 millions d’exemplaires. Chaque année des millions d’oiseaux sont tués par les réseaux le long des côtes d’Afrique du Nord.
Mais la Lipu ajoute notre distinction douteuse: «Le plus grand nombre d’oiseaux capturés ou tués dans la région méditerranéenne est enregistrée en Italie (entre 3,4 et 7,8 millions d’oiseaux), l’Egypte (entre 10 et 700 000, 6 millions) et la Syrie (entre 2,9 et 4,9 millions). La densité maximale de morts / catch est enregistrée à la place à Malte (entre 18 et 667 oiseaux par kilomètre carré par an), Chypre (146-351 par kilomètre carré) et le Liban (161-335 oiseaux par kilomètre carré) “. Les oiseaux touchés par la chasse illégale, entre autres, comprennent des espèces comme le pinson (2,9 millions de spécimens tués chaque année), la fauvette (1,2 à 2.400.000), la caille (1,6 million), grive (1,2 million), la tourterelle (entre 300 000 et 900 000) et la grive (entre 700 000 et 1,8 million), ainsi que les espèces classées comme vulnérables par la Liste rouge de l’UICN comme le plus grand courlis.
Claudio Celada, conservation directeur du département de la nature Lipu-BirdLife Italie, a déclaré à son tour: “Les oiseaux sauvages, un immense patrimoine de tous et qui ne connaît pas de frontières nationales ou internationales méritent routes migratoires, appelées voies de migration, plus sûr. Nous demandons donc que l’Europe et l’Italie, ce dernier, en particulier avec un plan anti-braconnage national et un resserrement des règles, devraient accroître leurs efforts pour la protection et la condamnation de l’illégalité, avant qu’il ne soit trop tard “.
Willem Van den Bossche, co-auteur et chef de conservation Flyway pour l’Europe et l’Asie centrale pour BirdLife Europe, ajoute: «Il est alarmant de constater que, malgré l’impact positif de la législation européenne, la moitié des 10 pays ayant la plus forte intensité la chasse illégale sont membres de l’Union européenne – Cela indique la nécessité de redoubler d’efforts pour veiller à ce que la directive Oiseaux européens est pleinement mis en œuvre au niveau national ».
Un autre des auteurs de l’étude, Vicky Jones, chef Flyway pour BirdLife International, a souligné que “La chasse illégale est un problème de conservation complexe. Aborder cette question nécessite une action à l’échelle locale, nationale et internationale, impliquant les forces, le système judiciaire, les associations de chasse, les autorités gouvernementales nationales, ONG et instruments de politique internationale. ”
Egypte / Libye et Chypre ont rédigé le premier plan d’action national de lutte contre la chasse illégale, grâce à la pression d’un grand nombre de parties prenantes, dans le but de renforcer la législation et son application, le développement suivi et d’appui les efforts visant à prendre des mesures en faveur des espèces individuelles. Mais Stuart Butchart, co-auteur de la publication et directeur de la science à BirdLife International conclut: «L’exploitation non durable est une menace majeure pour les oiseaux du monde, et une grande partie est illégale. Notre étude est la première à compiler une estimation quantitative détaillée du problème en Méditerranée. L’identification de nous fait de «points chauds» de la chasse illégale nous aidera à se concentrer sur les efforts à entreprendre dans le domaine pour résoudre ce problème “.
Les données publiées regard l’abattage illicite en Méditerranée peuvent être réassumer:
Oiseaux tués illégalement / capturés chaque année (min – max)
1. L’Égypte 5700000 (741000 – 10600000)
2. Italie 5,600,000 (3,400,000 – 7,800,000)
3. Syrie 3,900,000 (2,900,000 – 4,900,000)
4. Liban 2.600.000 (1.700.000 – 3,5000,000)
5. Chypre 2.300.000 (1.300.000 – 3.200.000)
6. Grèce 704,000 (485,000 à 922,000)
7. France 522.000 (149,000 à 895,000)
8. Croatie 510.000 (166,000 à 855,000)
9. Libye 503,000 (325,000 à 680,000)
10. Albanie 265.000 (206,000 à 325,000)
11. Espagne 254.000 (103,000 à 405,000)
12. La Tunisie 139.000 (50,400 à 227,000)
13. Serbie 133.000 (104.000-163000)
14. Monténégro 130.000 (64,000 à 197,000)
15. Malte 108,000 (5,800 à 211,000)
16. Territoires palestiniens Autorité 89.700 (70,000 à 109,000)
17. Portugal 82.400 (32,400 à 133,000)
18. Maroc 74,400 (23,400 à 125,000)
19. La Turquie 59.100 (24,400 à 93,900)
20. Bosnie-Herzégovine 34.700 (22,400 à 46,900)
21. Algérie 28.900 (17,500 à 40,300)
22. Slovénie 21900 (140 à 43,700)
23. Jordan 17.300 (13,000 à 21,600)
24. ARY de Macédoine 2,100 (600 à 3,700)
Gibraltar il n’y a pas d’estimations fiables
Israël, il n’y a pas d’estimations fiables.