An economic aid as a consequence of terrorist attacks: Europe approves the increase of olive oil import from Tunisia

  • 29 February 2016

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The Inta, a Commission of the European Parliament, approved the increase of the volumes of olive oil from Tunisia, which will join the EU at zero duty. This decision is a consequence of the EU proposal – made by the European Parliament – to support the Tunisian economy after the terrorist attacks of March and June 2015.
The final approval of this measure will arrive on March, after EU Parliamentary vote. As a result, Tunisia will introduce on the European market 35 thousand additional tonnes, in addition to the approximately 57 thousand already planned.
Italy is the second producer country of extra-virgin olive oil in the world’s oil and the first for the Evo quality. Certainly it fears the consequences of that decision. Italy, moreover, would be most affected because this year the olive harvest was particularly abundant (differently by the other European countries of olive oil producers, such as Greece and Spain).
In particular, the producers of olives and olive oil from Puglia – the first Italian and world region for quantity and quality of production in the industry- could suffer negative consequences in the olive growing sector and oil over the next two years.
As far this issue concerned, however, the spokesman for the Agriculture Commission Daniel Rosario responded: “The increase in supplies of olive oil from Tunisia, proposed by the European Commission to support the country after the terrorist attacks, will not be significant; it will not have a negative impact on European producers “.
The EU, in fact, imports already olive oil from third countries to meet their own requirements. Italy is the largest importer of olive oil, mainly from other European Union countries and 10% from third countries, both for domestic demand and for export.
Moreover the estimates on the last European harvest, “the third lowest in the last seven years”, with a production of two million and 500 thousand tons, said Rosario, confirm the need to import olive oil from countries outside the EU.
Furthermore, it concluded the spokesman of the Commission, “there is a risk that, in the absence of facilities from Europe, Tunisia decided to sell olive oil to other markets, possibly competitors of European exports.”
The discussion on the proposal, however, will continue in Parliament. Some of the suggestions made by Italian MEPs are the introduction of “monthly import licenses” to distribute the quotas from January to October and not to impact with our production of extra virgin, to halve the maximum quota and the possibility of suspending the intervention in case of market distortions.
The need to support Tunisia is not in question, he clarified De Castro, MEP Pd. “But it must be done with several measures to help Tunisian manufacturers to qualify their products, maybe supporting investments to create bottling facilities and support in the medium to long term investment in the agro-food sector, as the same Tunisian operators ask us.”
However, the European Parliament will continue the discussion about this proposal.
Some of the suggestions made by Italian MEPs are the introduction of “monthly import licenses” to distribute the quotas from January to October. This solution could avoid to impact with our production of extra virgin, to halve the maximum quota and the possibility of suspending the intervention in case of market distortions.
The Italian Minister of Agricultural Policies, Maurizio Martina, asked to “the Commission to review the decision on the increase of 35 thousand tons of import to Europe of olive oil from Tunisia”. The Italian Minister thinks that the solution proposed by Europe isn’t appropriate and Italy can’t approve it.
“Furthermore – the Minister continued – it’s important to consider also the impact of this measure in the North African country”. According to Martina, “it should instead work harder to cooperation agreements focused on promoting innovative solutions to support agricultural production and food in the Mediterranean region”. “There are positive examples of research partnership (before the project) that indicate concretely – concluded the Minister’s – the roads opposed with choices such as those taken with the increase in imports of olive oil.”
La Commissione Inta del Parlamento Europeo ha approvato l’aumento dei volumi di olio di oliva dalla Tunisia che potranno entrare nell’Ue a dazio zero, in linea con la proposta avanzata dall’Esecutivo comunitario per sostenere l’economia tunisina dopo gli attacchi terroristici del marzo e del giugno 2015.
L’iter procedurale per il via libera definitivo all’importazione nei prossimi ventiquattro mesi di olio d’oliva dal Paese nordafricano sarà perfezionato entro marzo prossimo con il voto dell’Aula parlamentare dell’Ue. In seguito a ciò, per la Tunisia sarà possibile introdurre sul mercato Europeo, 35 mila tonnellate aggiuntive, oltre alle circa 57 mila previste.
L’Italia, il secondo Paese produttore di olio extra vergine di oliva al mondo e il primo per la qualità dell’EVO, teme per le conseguenze che tale decisione. Il bel Paese sarebbe maggiormente colpito poiché questa si è rivelata un’annata olivicola particolarmente abbondante (a differenza di altri Paesi europei produttori di olio d’oliva, come Grecia e Spagna).
In particolare, i produttori di olive e olio della Puglia – prima regione italiana e mondiale per quantità e qualità di produzione nel settore- potrebbero subire le conseguenze negative nel comparto olivicolo ed oleario nei prossimi due anni.
Alle preoccupazioni condivisibili, tuttavia il portavoce per l’Agricoltura della Commissione Daniel Rosario ha risposto: “L’aumento delle forniture di olio d’oliva provenienti dalla Tunisia, proposto dalla Commissione europea per sostenere il paese dopo gli attacchi terroristici, non sarà significativo e non avrà un impatto negativo sui produttori europei”.
L’Ue, infatti, importa già olio da paesi terzi per far fronte al proprio fabbisogno e l’Italia è il più grande importatore di olio di oliva, prevalentemente da altri stati dell’Unione e per il 10% da paesi terzi, sia per la domanda interna che per l’export. Anche le stime sull’ultimo raccolto europeo, “il terzo più basso degli ultimi sette anni”, con una produzione di due milioni e 500mila tonnellate, ha dichiarato Rosario, confermano la necessità di importare olio da paesi extra Ue.
Inoltre, ha concluso il portavoce della Commissione, “c’è il rischio che, in assenza di facilitazioni dall’Europa, la Tunisia si rivolga ad altri mercati che a quel punto farebbero concorrenza alle esportazioni europee”.
La discussione sulla proposta, comunque, continuerà in Parlamento. Alcune delle proposte presentate dagli Europarlamentari italiani sono di introdurre delle “licenze di importazione mensili” per distribuire il contingente da gennaio a ottobre e non impattare con la nostra produzione di extra vergine, di dimezzare il contingente previsto e la possibilità di sospendere l’intervento in caso di distorsioni di mercato.
La necessità di sostenere la Tunisia non è in discussione, ha chiarito De Castro, europarlamentare Pd. “Ma bisogna farlo con misure diverse che aiutino i produttori tunisini a qualificare le loro produzioni, magari sostenendo investimenti per creare centri di imbottigliamento e sostenere nel medio-lungo periodo investimenti nel settore agroalimentare, come gli stessi operatori tunisini ci chiedono”.
Il Ministro delle Politiche Agricole italiano, Maurizio Martina, ha chiesto “alla Commissione di rivedere la decisione sull’aumento di 35mila tonnellate dell’importazione in Europa di olio d’oliva dalla Tunisia. Le modalità con cui si sta affrontando la questione non ci convincono e il rischio che questa scelta diventi persino strutturale non può essere da noi avallata”.
“Peraltro – continuava il ministro – risultano evidenti anche le forti perplessità sull’effettivo impatto di questa misura nel paese nordafricano”. Secondo Martina, “occorrerebbe invece lavorare di più per accordi di cooperazione focalizzati sulla promozione di soluzioni innovative per sostenere le produzioni agricole e alimentari nei paesi del mediterraneo. Ci sono buoni esempi come il partenariato per la ricerca (progetto Prima) che ci indicano concretamente – concludeva la nota del ministro – strade alternative a scelte come quelle intraprese con l’aumento dell’importazione di olio d’oliva”.
L’Unione Europea, tuttavia, minimizza l’impatto che questo aumento delle importazioni potrà avere sul settore. “Secondo tutte le nostre valutazioni e anche quelle dello stesso mercato europeo dell’olio d’oliva – ha concluso Rosario – questo aumento limitato non avrà un impatto negativo sul settore a livello Ue”.
In vista del passaggio in plenaria, difende invece il testo la relatrice Marielle de Sarnez (Alde), secondo cui il provvedimento rappresenta il giusto segnale: “L’Ue è al fianco dei tunisini e intende esprimere la propria solidarietà in maniera concreta”.L’Inta, une commission du Parlement européen, a approuvé l’augmentation des volumes d’huile d’olive de Tunisie, qui rejoindra l’UE à droit nul. Cette décision est une conséquence de la proposition de l’UE – faite par le Parlement européen – pour soutenir l’économie tunisienne après les attentats terroristes de Mars et Juin à 2015.
L’approbation finale de cette mesure arrivera sur Mars, après vote parlementaire UE. En conséquence, la Tunisie présentera sur le marché européen de 35 milliers de tonnes supplémentaires, en plus des quelque 57 000 déjà prévu.
L’Italie est le deuxième pays producteur d’huile d’olive extra-vierge dans le pétrole au monde et le premier pour la qualité Evo. Certes, il craint les conséquences de cette décision. Italie, d’ailleurs, serait le plus touché parce que cette année la récolte des olives a été particulièrement abondante (différemment par les autres pays européens de producteurs d’huile d’olive, comme la Grèce et l’Espagne).
En particulier, les producteurs d’olives et d’huile d’olive des Pouilles – la première région italienne et mondiale pour la quantité et la qualité de la production dans l’industrie- pourraient subir des conséquences négatives dans le secteur d’olive et de l’huile de croissance au cours des deux prochaines années.
En ce qui concerne cette question en cause, cependant, le porte-parole de la Commission Agriculture Daniel Rosario a répondu: «L’augmentation de l’offre d’huile d’olive de Tunisie, proposé par la Commission européenne pour soutenir le pays après les attentats terroristes, ne sera pas significatif; il sera ne pas avoir un impact négatif sur les producteurs européens “.
L’UE, en fait, les importations d’olive déjà du pétrole en provenance des pays tiers pour répondre à leurs propres besoins. L’Italie est le plus grand importateur d’huile d’olive, principalement en provenance d’autres pays de l’Union européenne et 10% en provenance des pays tiers, tant pour la demande intérieure et à l’exportation.
En outre, les estimations sur la dernière récolte européenne, “le troisième plus faible au cours des sept dernières années”, avec une production de deux millions et 500 mille tonnes, a déclaré Rosario, confirmer la nécessité d’importer de l’huile d’olive en provenance de pays extérieurs à l’UE.
En outre, a conclu le porte-parole de la Commission, «il y a un risque que, en l’absence d’installations de l’Europe, la Tunisie a décidé de vendre l’huile d’olive à d’autres marchés, éventuellement concurrents des exportations européennes.”
La discussion sur la proposition, cependant, continuera au Parlement. Certaines des suggestions faites par les députés italiens sont l’introduction de “licences d’importation mensuelles” pour répartir les quotas de Janvier à Octobre et de ne pas influer sur notre production d’extra vierge, de réduire de moitié le quota maximum et la possibilité de suspendre l’intervention en cas des distorsions du marché.
La nécessité de soutenir la Tunisie est pas en question, on a précisé De Castro, Eurodéputé Italien du Pd. “Mais il doit être fait avec plusieurs mesures pour aider les fabricants tunisiens de se qualifier leurs produits, peut-être le soutien aux investissements pour créer des installations d’embouteillage et de soutien dans le milieu à l’investissement à long terme dans le secteur agro-alimentaire, les mêmes opérateurs tunisiens nous demandent.”
Le ministre italien des politiques agricoles, Maurizio Martina, a demandé “à la Commission de réexaminer la décision sur l’augmentation de 35 mille tonnes d’importations en Europe d’huile d’olive de Tunisie. Les manières dont vous abordez la question ne nous et le convainquent pas le risque que ce choix devient même structure ne peut pas être approuvée par nous. ”
“En outre – le ministre a poursuivi- on est également important examiner l’impact de cette mesure dans le pays d’Afrique du Nord”. Selon Martina, “il fout que travailler plus fort pour les accords de coopération axés sur la promotion de solutions innovantes pour soutenir la production agricole et alimentaire dans la région méditerranéenne”. “il y a des exemples positifs de partenariat de recherche (avant le projet) qui indiquent concrètement – a conclu le ministre de – les routes opposées avec des choix tels que ceux qui sont pris avec l’augmentation des importations d’huile d’olive.”

The School System in Tunisia: the Italian Cooperation aid Programme

  • 29 February 2016

Recently, 138 schools –spread all over the Tunisian territory- received financing for the purchase of equipment for school lunch. These schools take part of the “Programme of assistance to the balance of payments”, an instrument used by the Italian Cooperation to sustain and support the economy of Tunisia.
The “Aid Programme to the balance of payments” of Tunisia, give money as aid credit. Italian Cooperation devolved to this program ninety-five million euro and recently it decided to allocate fifty million euro, to increase the amount allocated to this program.
The reasons behind the Italian Cooperation to conduct this Program are:
– Contribute to sustainable growth of the Tunisian economy in terms of gross domestic product and employment
– To reach a balanced balance of payments to Tunisia, supporting the policy of the government to mobilize “special external resources” for the implementation of development policies of the country.
The money allocated funding partially public investment planned by the budget laws. Financing will be through the provision of goods, facilities and services through tenders managed by the Tunisian authorities and addressed to Italian companies.
In the Tunisian school district, the most complicated and most urgent concern is access to education – involving both rural population, both women- is a need to reform the entire education system in order to make it more appreshiated- looking fallout also positive in unemployment.
The difficulty of access to education is only the first hurdle for Tunisian women. In fact, they currently account for only 30% of the workforce, also due to the closure of the working world. The National Union of Tunisian Women has proposed a national program to eradicate female illiteracy. In training centers, spread across the territory, who organized both reading and writing classes, is a real professional training.
The situation is even more difficult in rural areas. In 2013, the State Secretariat for Development and International Cooperation and the United Nations Fund for Children (UNICEF) conducted “an analysis of child poverty in Tunisia,” which reveals that children in rural areas suffer numerous deprivations. The deprived children, according to the definition that makes UNICEF, are “those who do not have access to the resources they need on the material, spiritual and emotional to survive, grow and develop their full capacity.”
In Tunisia, these children are especially numerous in the governorates of the center-west of the country. According to the report, “young people who are under 18 account for one third of the Tunisian population, and many are those who live in poverty or difficult conditions which prevent them to take advantage of one or more of their rights.” The fact that a high number of young people is lacking in a proper education triggers a downward spiral, which links -according to the study conducted by Unicef- the school abandonment, depression, suicide or even trafficking in human beings.
There is no doubt that it is necessary, therefore, a reform of schools and the education system. The Education Ministry has promised to take charge personally and the unions are pressing because this reform be done quickly.
The educational system of Tunisia, in addition, was sorely tested even by the events of recent years. The Jasmine revolution had indeed repercussions on it.
According to data from the Italian Foreign Ministry, before the revolution, the public school in Tunisia was free from elementary to university. In addition, the state helped the pupils in disadvantaged socioeconomic status, thanks to a system of scholarships and free services. Since 1991, it has been established and made mandatory so-called “basic education”; lasting nine years (six years of elementary school + 3) called “preparatory school.” The school program introduced in 1991 is uniform as set by the state and common to private schools. The programs introduced by the 1991 reform aimed at promoting a more open training than in the past, and adapted to a changing society. Provide for a reorganization of material in five areas: language area (reading, oral and written expression, memorized recitation, writing, dictation, reading pleasure), social issues (civic and religious education), scientific area (mathematics and physics and biology), arts and music area (musical education, artistic and choral singing), and physical education. Attach more space to the study of non-Islamic cultures, outsource the civic education from the religious and aim to promote the critical spirit and the values of tolerance, referring to an “enlightened Islamic spirit.”
In 2011, many young people participated in the demonstrations in the hope that something might change even in education, but in reality, since then things seem to be only worsened: the illiteracy rate and the dropout are increased.
The point of view of teachers is worrying because they warn the deterioration of the system and the consequent need for reform can bring classroom kids who have left school prematurely. To this is linked to the need to increase funding for public schools.
From a democratic point of view, the university system has been improved. Before the revolution universities depended on ministerial directives and the same rectors were appointed by the President of the Republic on a proposal of the Ministry, while after 2011 the system has undergone some changes in governance. Following the union’s demands and responding to the aspirations of the teaching staff and university students, they were initiated some reform projects, such as the possibility to elect the heads of institutions and universities
However, the Minister of Education has recently admitted that, not only the university system, but also the entire educational system is “on his knees”. The reform of the system tout court becomes ever more urgent in a country where illiteracy rates stand at 15%, and it is structurally linked to a labor reform.
The annual rate of early school leavers is around 8%, so the government endeavor of deterrent methods, such as the activation of a computer system that will update the parents on the number of absences and the scores of the students automatically.
The problem, in fact, does not consist only in absenteeism and abandonment school, but also in the resulting poor performance of students.
However, the deficiencies are not found only in logistical and organizational level. A missing are also students and researchers. There is widespread distrust of civil society about the possibilities for social advancement and employment by achieving a higher education and it is statistically proven that the Tunisian universities is becoming almost exclusively “pink,” being male students more forced to a binary choice between flee abroad and work as soon as possible.
The problem is that today in Tunisia, as well as in some Mediterranean European countries, the university no longer seduce the younger generation. It is also true, however, that the counter-proposals from civil society exist. A number of reforms, involved with this issue, are important:
– the adaptation of curricula to the labor market and their recognition of one across the Maghreb;
– an improvement of teaching and administrative body; the promoting teamwork;
– the creation of ad hoc programs for unemployed graduates; the improvement of working condition;
– a better decision-making role for the scientific committees on purely academic aspects;
– the exemplification of administrative procedures;
– increased mobility and the internationalization of the universities – with an approach to Anglo-Saxon system and not just to the French;
– the monitoring of services and quality;
– greater transparency in the management of funds.

The AIDA project: to support innovative start-ups in Tunisia

  • 28 February 2016

The project of cross-border cooperation Aida (Auto-immunity-diagnosis), co-financed by the ENPI and the European Union, has recently awarded -with a special start-up fund in money- two start-ups of Tunisian researchers. These will begin their activities at the El Ghazala techno pole of the capital, Tunis.
The Aida project, presented in Palermo and funded under the 2007-2013 ENPI Italy-Tunisia program, is aimed at health facilities in Sicily and Tunisia. Among the objectives of the project there is the deepening and diagnostic improvement with regard to some autoimmune diseases (such as diabetes mellitus, celiac disease, multiple sclerosis, the hypothyroid) through the installation of a computerized system of image acquisition and data that will enable early and accurate analysis on patients.
The first funded project involves four biologists, engaged in the study of procedures to improve the molecular genetic diagnostics and Therapeutic management of some types of cancer. The second project is the result of the job of two researchers in computer sciences that have developed software that can monitor the change of the volume of brain structures in patients with neurodegenerative diseases.
The project leader is the University of Palermo – Agrigento educational Polo, in partnership with the Pasteur centre of Tunis, the Charles Nicolle Hospital and the University of Tunis El Manar and the Ministry of Health of the North African country. From the Italian side other partners are the Regional Department of Health, the Province of Agrigento, hospitals Civic and Buccheri La Ferla of Palermo, the Asp of Trapani. Beneficiaries of the project are the population, doctors – and through training courses will be ready to use the Imaging Systems – The Health and technology parks in Tunisia.
Autoimmune diseases are now the third largest pathological process after vascular diseases and cancers. These diseases, caused by alterations of the immune system, make their appearance in a subtle manner. Some population studies have shown that about 3% of pregnant women are affected by hypothyroid; 10.4% of women and 9.3% of men suffer from diabetes. Currently, the IFI (indirect immunofluorescence) is the technique used for the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases. In Tunis, the research test number of auto-antibodies used for Ifi exceeds 15,000 per year (in Sicily are 50,000 per year). “The basis of the project – said the coordinator, Professor Giuseppe Raso – is the creation of a large database of images and test data Ifi”.
“The application of software also will support the diagnosis of doctors. The risk factors of autoimmune diseases – he added – are sometimes genetic and environmental times. Working with neighbouring populations genetically, and climatic conditions, but different in terms of food and cultural habits, it will enable us to do comparative analysis. ”
“The role of the University of Palermo – concluded Raso – is critical due to advanced research that has enabled the creation of a spin-off, a company within the physics and chemistry department, created to the transfer of technology and to provide technological support, physical and information technology to medicine.”

Joint Italian Arab Chamber: una nuova iniziativa per sviluppo relazioni economiche e commerciali nel Mediterraneo

  • 16 February 2016

On February 8 it was held the official presentation in Rome, preceded by the first meeting of the Joint Arab Italian Chamber Board of Directors (JIAC). The JIAC held a function of service and support to companies that want to start, or who have already begun the process of internationalization. It is a non-profit organization made up of representatives from industry, banking system and institutions, including Confindustria, ICE, Simest, Sace. With support from the Arab side of the most important business groups and major institutions, including the Arab League, the General Union of Chambers of Commerce Arab Rooms, ambassadors and diplomats stationed in Rome.
Chairman of the Joint Arab Italian Chamber is Cesare Trevisani, Vice President and CEO of the Trevi Group and former Vice President of Confindustria.
Placing itself as a complementary subject to other organizations with similar aims, the JIAC was created to give further impetus to the promotion and development of economic and trade relations with the Arab countries and will be a function of service and support to companies that want to start, or have already started, the internationalization process in those markets.
The meeting of the ‘February 8 was attended by representatives of the Italian Government (MAE and MISE), the Ambassadors of Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Kuwait, Libya, Jordan, Iraq, Egypt, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates stationed in Rome, Ambassador of the Arab League in Rome, Shk Khalifa Bin Jiassim Al Thani, President of the General Union of Chambers of Commerce Arab Room, the leading members of the institutions (Confindustria, ICE, Unioncamere) and the industrial world, and Italian bank, as well as of the main Arab industrial groups.
” Only 6% of our total exports of goods are directed to Arab markets ”, said deputy chairman of the Trevi Group opened the meeting. For this, he warns, there is scope to increase the volume of trade between the beautiful country and the Arab world, but also the investment of Arab countries in Italy. ” The JIAC – he said – was created with the objective to serve as a supplementary subject, making the follow-up action required to ensure that challange brought him back from the Italian system in recent years he has a continuity on ” territory. Thanks to the extensive network of contacts in the new Chamber, ” companies can count on a daily support for the solution of those little-great difficulties that sometimes make it impossible to operate in a foreign market ”. The president of the General Union of Arab Chambers of Commerce, Mohamed Mahmoud, started this new initiative, with institutional introduction.” The action of the Joint Arab Italian Chamber will also be to support and assist Italian companies wishing to interact with the Arab world, so ‘as he can play a role in educational and cultural level, especially to give way for SMEs to overlook successfully on Arab markets ”. Greeted positively by the Deputy Secretary of the Foreign Ministry, Antonio Bernardini. ” This initiative will strengthen the ties between Italy and Arab countries, and that can become a reference point for men of Italian and Arab affairs. Political relations between Rome and the Arab world – he concluded – have never been as intense ”.
“For more than sixteen years a special affection binds me to Italy, and I welcome with great satisfaction the establishment of the Joint Arab Italian Chamber, some of the fundamental contribution that will know ‘give in supporting and assisting Italian companies wishing to interact with the Arab world – commented Mahmadou Ould Mohamed Mahmoud, president of the General Union of Arab Chambers of Commerce – in particular, considering that JIAC can play a key role also in educational and cultural level, especially to give way for SMEs to look out successfully on the markets Arabs “.

Migration in the Mediterranean: the necessity of coordination between the EU, Turkey and NATO

  • 8 February 2016

The waves of immigrants, who come from the Mediterranean Sea, and then lead the masses of desperate people across Europe, are an extremely complicated phenomenon, and entirely new for many European Union countries. Therefore, they require multiple interventions, but coordinated.
The European Union, in fact, is trying to initiate concrete policies and strategies to respond effectively to the migration crisis. As a result, it increases the demand for cohesion among the member countries, as well as the request for commitment and solidarity. The delicacy and complexity of the situation also require the involvement of Turkey and NATO: we must act to stem the flow of refugees, guarding the coasts and to collect information for Greek and Turkish coast guard.
The Coreper, which is the EU body that brings together the permanent representatives of the 28 EU governments, has given the green light to the financing of the European fund of 3 billion Euros for Syrian refugees in Turkey. The agreement provides for a billion euro is financed by the European budget, while the other two billion by States according to their gross national income. Italy’s contribution will be of EUR 224.9 million, the fourth highest after Germany 427 500 000; Great Britain and France 327 600 000 309 200 000. Spain is in fifth place: will pay 152.8 million. Through the three billion the EU will support projects for refugees in Turkey focused on nutrition, health services and education systems.
In the financial return for the aid, the government in Ankara is committed to ensuring the reduction of the flow of migrants to Europe. “Turkey currently hosts one of the largest refugee communities in the world and is committed to significantly reduce the direct migrant numbers in the EU,” said Johannes Hahn, EU Commissioner for Neighbourhood Policy and the ‘ Enlargement.
All 28 EU countries have signed the proposal at a summit in Brussels after Italy dropped its reservation. In fact, the agreement highlights the absence of opposition by Italy on fundraising methods for intervention and in particular the fact that the figure is from the calculation of deficits under the Stability and Growth Pact. Mode that Italy would have liked to extend to the entire amount of the costs incurred from Rome since the beginning of the Libyan crisis.
The NATO intervention is inscribed in this framework. It, on paper, should result in an operation of “intelligence, reconnaissance and surveillance,” in the Aegean. After the request came from Germany, Turkey and Greece, NATO has agreed to send “without delay” a military force to patrol the stretch of sea that separates Turkey from Greece, from which passes the majority of migrants arriving in Europe. They will initially of three ships (Turkish, German and Canadian) under German command, but several other countries have already confirmed readiness to contribute by other means.
“The goal is to help Greece, Turkey and the European Union to cope with the flow of refugees and migrants, and to a very difficult situation. This is not to reject or to send back migrants, “he assured the Secretary General of NATO, Jens Stoltenberg. But the concern is that the Alliance’s forces will result in a new obstacle along the already bumpy road of refugees.
“This support – the statement said the EU – mainly aims at tackling the most immediate needs for food, health services and education”.
Premier Italian Matteo Renzi has stressed the importance of reaching the agreement: “Italy will make all efforts to save the people in the sea. We are honoured to be human and the new humanism means not to allow more people to die at sea. ”
“No way NATO forces must become a new barrier between the refugees and the international protection to which they are entitled”, warns Iverna Mc Gowan, European Bureau Chief of Amnesty International, according to which “intercept refugees who try to reach Europe, pushing them back to Turkey, where they have already hosted two million and a half, it would be a serious violation of their right to seek asylum and contrary to international law “. Amnesty said that “hundreds of refugees, including many children, have already died this year attempting the treacherous journey across the Aegean” and demands that the NATO ships to conduct search and rescue operations, with no “return refugees illegally towards the Turkey”.
The new merger would raise the concern also of Doctors without Borders, which speaks of a decision “dangerously short-sighted” and denounced the “obstacles that the EU and now NATO leaders” put on the path of migrants. “How many deaths will it take – ask Aurelie Ponthieu, advisor for MSF’s humanitarian affairs – before Europe, Turkey and others focus their energy on the provision of humanitarian solutions rather than deterrence measures that clearly do not need?”
The military operation will be conducted by Greece, Turkey and Germany and will aim to dismantle the smuggling network that “exploits” migrants and refugees. The vessels will be equipped with radar and satellite technology.
The means of the mission, under the agreement, they will report the migrants rescued off the coast of Turkey, a NATO member.
The start of the Standing Maritime Group 2 military mission could ease the burden of Greece, which the European Union has been given until May to develop an effective strategy for the defence of land and sea borders against the extraordinary influx of refugees from Turkey.
The command will be entrusted to Germany and will be part of three ships patrolling in the Aegean that will operate in accordance with Greek and Turkish coast guard. The European Commission is satisfied with the decision and it is according to a spokesman of the advance of a European Coast Guard, as well as the Union government has recently proposed.
The vessels will be equipped with radar and satellite technology. The head of the Pentagon announced the start of the mission during a press conference held after the ministerial session on defence request for assistance that had been submitted by Turkey.
Germany, Greece and Turkey, the three countries that have reached an agreement for the mission “stressed” the importance of “the action quickly switch” because “there are lives at stake.” The means of the mission, under the agreement, they will report the migrants rescued on the Turkish coast.
The US Defence Secretary Ash Carter announced that the Ministerial Alliance has “recommended” the launch of a mission in the Aegean Sea to the crisis of migrants. The military operation will be conducted by Greece, Turkey and Germany and will aim to dismantle the smuggling network that “exploits” migrants and refugees.
The first objective of the military mission in the Aegean is the combating trafficking in human beings, Carter says, because “there is a criminal syndicate that uses these poor people.” The migrants’ waves are smuggling operations organized and take targeted is the best way to get the biggest positive impact on the humanitarian dimensions “of the crisis, added the head of the Pentagon.
The United States has “quadrupled investments leading to 3.4 billion financing, increasing the focus on deterrence against Russian aggression” and having increased investment the US “expect that the European allies to do the same,” adds Carter.
The position of President Turkish, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, remains adamant on whether to integrate the maritime efforts. A no-fly zone in northern Syria -according President Turkish is the only way to stop the flow of refugees fleeing to Turkey by the regime of Bashar al Assad raid and its allies.
The NATO mission in the fight against traffickers and illegal migration “will also increase the Alliance surveillance along the border between Turkey and Syria” with vessels already sent Aegean (currently three ships, German, Turkish and Canadian) but also with “other means” already deployed to the package of measures of reassurance provided to Turkey in December and including “aircraft for maritime patrol, air-AWACS radar and air surveillance.” He stated the secretary general, Jens Stoltenberg, adding that the military component of NATO has already been appointed to study the details of the operation. For the Italian Defence Minister Roberta Pinotti, the “acceleration” of NATO in the Aegean Sea to the fight against traffickers and illegal immigration, “he responds operationally to a problem on the Alliance’s southern front”, and is similar to ‘intervention required some time ago from Italy.