MED-DESIRE: concluded the Mediterranean project on solar energy

  • 31 December 2015

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The Mediterranean area has an enormous potential in the production of solar energy, but there are many barriers that still limit its spread. Technology markets solar on the northern shore of the Mediterranean have shown steady growth over the past decade, while the situation is still at an early stage in the partner countries of the South. Despite the collective political commitment and a common recognition of the great potential solar in the Mediterranean, some of the barriers to the development and diffusion of solar persist. In fact, it is little perceived awareness of the benefits that would be obtained, also the technicians and installers do not always have the necessary skills, the quality of the components of solar plants is often not high, finally, there are economic incentives and lack of regulations making mandatory use of solar technologies in buildings. There are, moreover, subsidized prices of electricity produced by fossil fuel plants. Ultimately, there is an inadequate perception of the benefits of investments in the solar industry, and the absence of dedicated financial instruments.
MED DESIRE is one of ninety-five projects financed by the ENPI CBC Med, which with a total budget of 200 million euro, and under the leadership of the Autonomous Region of Sardinia (as Managing Authority), aims to promote a process of harmonious cooperation and sustainable basin level, facing common challenges and enhancing the endogenous potential of the area. It is an initiative financed by the multilateral cross-border cooperation European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) involving fourteen countries: Cyprus, Egypt, France, Jordan, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Malta, Palestine, Portugal, Spain, Syria (participation currently suspended) and Tunisia.
This project has a total budget of Euro 4,470,463.70, financed 90% by the European Union through the European Neighbourhood and Partnership. The ENPI CBC Med Programme aims to strengthen cooperation between the EU and the partner country regions placed along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea.
The main objective of MED-DESIRE is to achieve tangible results in relation to these challenges, removing barriers related to the legal, regulatory, economic and organizational technology diffusion of solar energy distributed. The project, in fact, aims to disseminate energy efficiency and solar power throughout the Mediterranean area through the study of innovative financing schemes and incentive instruments market. The project pursues the realization of effective cross-border cooperation between partner countries and public awareness on its benefits for the environment and for sustainable local development.
In the final conference “The sun for you: sustainable energy for the Mediterranean”, they were presented the main results of the project, which involved nine partners from five countries (Egypt, Lebanon, Italy, Spain, Tunisia), coordinated by the Region of Puglia, Department Economic Development, Innovation, Education, Training and Employment – Section Industrial Research and Innovation and from the Arti – Regional Agency of Puglia for Technology and Innovation (co-actuator of the project).
The objectives of the project are in detail:
• Strengthening the capacity of governments and regional institutions
• Obtain upper and spread technical expertise and local professionals, aimed at removing the main technical barriers to the distribution of solar technology
• Define innovative financial mechanisms and instruments tailored to stimulate the market in order to support the wide dissemination of solar energy technologies
• Achieve a greater awareness and a strong participatory approach between local public and private
• Determine a broad consensus among the main public and private stakeholders on the central role of renewable energy for sustainable development and environmental protection
• Establish in European and Mediterranean countries a framework for cooperation between technology providers and energy services to support the development of a common market of sustainable energy
These objectives were pursued through concrete actions:
• Benchmarking of national / regional policies and programs focused on solar energy and energy efficiency
• Analysis of the current procedures for certification of solar technology in the Mediterranean partner countries and European regions
• Development of recommendations and action plans for the improvement of the legislative and regulatory framework
• Initiatives for capacity building for technicians and professionals of solar energy to ensure the quality of the components and systems
• Training activities targeted at policy-makers concerned with the regulation of solar energy
• Development of innovative financial instruments and stimulus to the market
The project is targeted to some interlocutors:
• Central and local government, institutions and agencies that will improve their store of knowledge on technical, legislative and financial measures that will then facilitate the development of policies
• Local SMEs and professionals, who will improve their knowledge of solar technologies and the opportunities offered by the market
• Financial institutions that require clear and reliable technologies, investment costs, the recovery time and the internal rates of return, as well as on a stable regulatory framework
• Organizations in support of enterprises, business associations and industrial districts, which will be involved in awareness campaigns and strengthen their role of reference for SMEs on both sides of the Mediterranean
Finally, the final beneficiaries are:
• Local communities and citizens in general
• Consumers Energy (retail and industrial)
• Research centres and universities
MED-DESIRE has developed three innovative financial mechanisms to support public and private investment in solar energy technologies distributed in Tunisia (installations of photovoltaic systems of medium size), Egypt (for solar thermal systems in the domestic sector) and in Lebanon (dedicated to various types of technologies).
In addition, the project has developed three types of solar regulations that will introduce an obligation for owners and builders to install solar thermal systems in new buildings or in buildings subject to maintenance in pilot cities of Tunisia (Hammam-Sousse), Lebanon ( shooting) and Egypt (through the New Urban Communities Authority – NAPE). Improve the quality of the plants is essential, which is why MED-DESIRE supported the adoption of new technical standards and the strengthening of local certification bodies and testing laboratories; It has also promoted the quality of solar installations with initiatives for professionals and installers and qualification of technical trainers in vocational schools. All through ten pilot training courses: four on distributed solar technologies, aimed at trainers of vocational schools (in Egypt, Lebanon, Tunisia) and technicians and installers in Italy (Apulia); 3 on three solar ordinances on financial mechanisms in Egypt, Lebanon and Tunisia; five capacity building initiatives (2 study visits to the three laboratories of ENEA in Italy aimed at groups of experts of the countries involved in the project and three seminars on the quality of the photovoltaic value chain, as well as 12 technical missions in Egypt, Lebanon and Tunisia. In ‘scope of the project, were signed five agreements at national and international level between partners and institutions, relating to the adoption of new curricula and standards and the introduction of new rules concerning instruments to stimulate the market, including Figure the Memorandum of Understanding (signed during the final event) between the Andalusian Energy Agency (Spain) and the Authority for New and Renewable Energy (Egypt) for cooperation in the field of renewable energy. The project has experienced a great collaboration between the partners and a stronger involvement of the stakeholders of the project: approximately one hundred key stakeholders, including banks, national and local agencies, technical organizations, certification laboratories and standards, training institutes, university; more than two hundred companies, professional and business associations, about one hundred government and institutions, including ministries and other national bodies, municipalities and unions of municipalities, NGOs.
More than thirty thousand people were involved in the project through the activities of capitalization in eight public events, or in outreach activities to promote energy efficiency and solar power, including the participation in the event M’illumino di meno, workshops in schools, campsites to promote energy conservation with the scouts, the video contest MED-DESIRE, initiatives aimed at children, the competition on social media #TheSunForYou. The event was also an opportunity to discuss the future prospects of expanding renewable energy and energy efficiency in Mediterranean countries, through the experience of leading representatives of national and international organizations involved in the project activities.
The strategic partnership of the project MED-DESIRE consists of nine partners from five countries: Italy, Spain, Tunisia, Lebanon and Egypt.
The Apulia Region – Area Development Policies, Labour and Innovation – Service Industrial Research and Innovation (Lead Partner); ARTI, the Regional Agency for Technology and Innovation (co-actuator of the project); the Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea; ENEA – Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development are involved for Italy.
The Andalusian Energy Agency (AAE), the Andalusian Institute of Technology (IAT) and the Research Centre for Energy, Environmental and Technological – Platform of Almeria (CIEMAT – PSA) are involved for Spain.
In the southern shores of the Mediterranean, are involved the Tunisian National Agency for Energy Conservation (ANME), the Lebanese Centre for Energy Conservation (LCEC) and the Egyptian Authority for New and Renewable Energy (NREA) .
L’area del Mediterraneo possiede un enorme potenziale nella produzione di energia solare, ma sono molte le barriere che ancora ne limitano la diffusione. I mercati delle tecnologie solari sulla riva settentrionale del bacino del Mediterraneo hanno registrato una crescita costante negli ultimi dieci anni, mentre la situazione è ancora in una fase prematura nei Paesi partner del Sud. Nonostante l’impegno politico collettivo e un comune riconoscimento del grande potenziale solare dell’area mediterranea, alcune barriere allo sviluppo e alla diffusione dell’energia solare persistono. Infatti, è poco avvertita la consapevolezza dei benefici che si otterrebbero, inoltre i tecnici e gli installatori non sempre possiedono le competenze necessarie, la qualità dei componenti degli impianti solari spesso non è elevata, infine non vi sono adeguati incentivi economici e mancano norme che rendano obbligatorio l’utilizzo delle tecnologie solari negli edifici. Vi sono, per di più, prezzi sovvenzionati di energia elettrica prodotta da impianti a combustibili fossili. In definitiva, vi è un’inadeguata percezione dei benefici degli investimenti nel settore dell’energia solare, e l’assenza di strumenti finanziari dedicati.
MED DESIRE è uno dei novantacinque progetti finanziati dal Programma ENPI CBC Med, che con un budget complessivo di 200 milioni di euro e sotto la guida della Regione Autonoma della Sardegna (in qualità di Autorità di Gestione), mira a promuovere un processo di cooperazione armonioso e sostenibile al livello di bacino, affrontando le sfide comuni e valorizzando il potenziale endogeno dell’area. Si tratta di un’iniziativa di cooperazione transfrontaliera multilaterale finanziata dallo Strumento Europeo di Vicinato e Partenariato (ENPI) che coinvolge quattordici Paesi: Cipro, Egitto, Francia, Giordania, Grecia, Israele, Italia, Libano, Malta, Palestina, Portogallo, Spagna, Siria (partecipazione attualmente sospesa) e Tunisia.
L’area del Mediterraneo possiede un enorme potenziale nella produzione di energia solare, ma sono molte le barriere che ancora ne limitano la diffusione. I mercati delle tecnologie solari sulla riva settentrionale del bacino del Mediterraneo hanno registrato una crescita costante negli ultimi dieci anni, mentre la situazione è ancora in una fase prematura nei Paesi partner del Sud. Nonostante l’impegno politico collettivo e un comune riconoscimento del grande potenziale solare dell’area mediterranea, alcune barriere allo sviluppo e alla diffusione dell’energia solare persistono. Infatti, è poco avvertita la consapevolezza dei benefici che si otterrebbero, inoltre i tecnici e gli installatori non sempre possiedono le competenze necessarie, la qualità dei componenti degli impianti solari spesso non è elevata, infine non vi sono adeguati incentivi economici e mancano norme che rendano obbligatorio l’utilizzo delle tecnologie solari negli edifici. Vi sono, per di più, prezzi sovvenzionati di energia elettrica prodotta da impianti a combustibili fossili. In definitiva, vi è un’inadeguata percezione dei benefici degli investimenti nel settore dell’energia solare, e l’assenza di strumenti finanziari dedicati.
MED DESIRE è uno dei novantacinque progetti finanziati dal Programma ENPI CBC Med, che con un budget complessivo di 200 milioni di euro e sotto la guida della Regione Autonoma della Sardegna (in qualità di Autorità di Gestione), mira a promuovere un processo di cooperazione armonioso e sostenibile al livello di bacino, affrontando le sfide comuni e valorizzando il potenziale endogeno dell’area. Si tratta di un’iniziativa di cooperazione transfrontaliera multilaterale finanziata dallo Strumento Europeo di Vicinato e Partenariato (ENPI) che coinvolge quattordici Paesi: Cipro, Egitto, Francia, Giordania, Grecia, Israele, Italia, Libano, Malta, Palestina, Portogallo, Spagna, Siria (partecipazione attualmente sospesa) e Tunisia.
Questo progetto ha un budget totale di Euro 4.470.463,70, finanziato al 90% dall’Unione Europea attraverso lo Strumento europeo di Vicinato e Partenariato. Il Programma ENPI CBC Med mira a rafforzare la cooperazione tra l’Unione Europea e le regioni dei paesi partner poste lungo le rive del Mar Mediterraneo.
L’obiettivo principale di MED-DESIRE è quello di ottenere risultati tangibili in relazione a queste sfide, eliminando gli ostacoli relativi al quadro giuridico, normativo, economico ed organizzativo alla diffusione delle tecnologie di energia solare distribuita. Il progetto, infatti, mira a diffondere l’efficienza energetica e l’energia solare in tutta l’area del Mediterraneo attraverso lo studio di piani di finanziamento innovativi e di strumenti d’incentivazione del mercato. Il progetto persegue la realizzazione di un’efficace cooperazione transfrontaliera tra i paesi partner e la sensibilizzazione dei cittadini sui relativi benefici per l’ambiente e per lo sviluppo locale sostenibile.
Nella conferenza finale “The sun for you: sustainable energy for the Mediterranean”, sono stati presentati i principali risultati del progetto, che ha coinvolto nove partner da cinque nazioni (Egitto, Libano, Italia, Spagna Tunisia), coordinati dalla Regione Puglia, Dipartimento Sviluppo Economico, Innovazione, Istruzione, Formazione e Lavoro – Sezione Ricerca Industriale e Innovazione e dall’ARTI – Agenzia Regionale della Puglia per la Tecnologia e l’Innovazione (co-attuatore del progetto).
Gli obiettivi del progetto sono nel dettaglio:
• Rafforzare le capacità delle amministrazioni pubbliche e delle istituzioni regionali
• Ottenere superiori e più diffuse competenze di tecnici e professionisti locali, atte a rimuovere i principali ostacoli tecnici alla distribuzione della tecnologia solare
• Definire meccanismi finanziari innovativi su misura e strumenti di incentivazione del mercato volti a sostenere l’ampia diffusione di tecnologie energetiche solari
• Raggiungere una maggiore consapevolezza e un forte approccio partecipativo tra gli attori locali pubblici e privati
• Determinare un ampio consenso tra i principali stakeholder pubblici e privati sul ruolo centrale delle energie rinnovabili per lo sviluppo sostenibile e la protezione dell’ambiente
• Stabilire nei paesi europei e mediterranei un quadro di cooperazione tra i fornitori di tecnologie e servizi energetici per favorire lo sviluppo di un mercato comune dell’energia sostenibile
Tali obiettivi sono stati perseguiti mediante azioni concrete:
• Benchmarking delle politiche nazionali/regionali e dei programmi incentrati sul solare e sull’efficienza energetica
• Analisi delle attuali procedure di certificazione delle tecnologie solari nei paesi partner del Mediterraneo e nelle regioni europee
• Elaborazione di raccomandazioni e piani d’azione per il miglioramento del quadro legislativo e normativo
• Iniziative di capacity building per i tecnici e i professionisti dell’energia solare per garantire la qualità dei componenti e degli impianti
• Attività di formazione destinate ai decisori politici che si occupano della regolamentazione dell’energia solare
• Elaborazione di strumenti finanziari innovativi e di stimolo al mercato
Il progetto si è rivolto ad alcuni interlocutori privilegiati:
• Amministrazioni centrali e locali, istituzioni e agenzie che miglioreranno il proprio bagaglio conoscitivo sulle questioni tecniche, legislative e finanziarie che potranno poi facilitare lo sviluppo di politiche
• PMI locali e professionisti, che miglioreranno le proprie conoscenze sulle tecnologie solari e sulle opportunità offerte dal mercato
• Istituzioni finanziarie che necessitano di informazioni chiare e affidabili sulle tecnologie, sui costi di investimento, sui tempi di recupero e i tassi di rendimento interni, nonché su un quadro normativo stabile
• Organizzazioni a sostegno delle imprese, associazioni imprenditoriali e distretti industriali, che saranno coinvolti nelle campagne di sensibilizzazione e potenzieranno il loro ruolo di riferimento per le PMI su entrambe le sponde del Mediterraneo
Infine, i beneficiari finali sono:
• Comunità locali e cittadini in generale
• Consumatori di energia (al dettaglio e industriali)
• Centri di ricerca e Università
MED-DESIRE ha elaborato tre meccanismi finanziari innovativi per sostenere gli investimenti pubblici e privati in tecnologie di energia solare distribuita in Tunisia (installazioni di impianti fotovoltaici di medie dimensioni), Egitto (per impianti solari termici nel settore domestico) e in Libano (dedicato a vari tipi di tecnologie).
Inoltre, il progetto ha sviluppato tre tipologie di regolamentazioni solari che introdurranno l’obbligo per i proprietari e i costruttori edili di installare impianti solari termici nelle nuove costruzioni o in edifici soggetti a manutenzione straordinaria in città pilota della Tunisia (Hammam-Sousse), Libano (Tiro) ed Egitto (attraverso l’Autorità per le Nuove Comunità Urbane – NUCA). Migliorare la qualità degli impianti è fondamentale, ecco perché MED-DESIRE ha sostenuto l’adozione di nuovi standard tecnici e il rafforzamento degli enti di certificazione locali e dei laboratori di test; ha, inoltre, promosso la qualità delle installazioni solari con iniziative rivolte a professionisti e installatori e la qualificazione di formatori tecnici nelle scuole professionali. Il tutto attraverso dieci corsi di formazione pilota: quattro sulle tecnologie solari distribuite, rivolte ai formatori delle scuole professionali (in Egitto, Libano, Tunisia) e ai tecnici e installatori in Italia (Puglia); 3 sulle ordinanze solari e tre sui meccanismi finanziari in Egitto, Libano e Tunisia; cinque iniziative di capacity building (2 visite di studio ai tre laboratori dell’ENEA in Italia rivolte a gruppi di esperti dei Paesi coinvolti nel progetto e tre seminari sulla qualità della filiera del fotovoltaico, nonché 12 missioni tecniche in Egitto, Libano e Tunisia. Nell’ambito del progetto, sono stati siglati cinque accordi a livello nazionale e internazionale tra i partner e le istituzioni, che riguardano l’adozione di nuovi curricula e standard e l’introduzione di nuove norme che concernono strumenti di stimolo del mercato, tra i quali figura il Memorandum d’intesa (firmato nel corso dell’evento finale) tra l’Agenzia Andalusa dell’Energia (Spagna) e l’Autorità per l’Energia Nuova e Rinnovabile (Egitto) per la cooperazione nel settore dell’energia rinnovabile. Il progetto ha registrato una grande collaborazione tra i partner e un forte coinvolgimento tra i portatori d’interesse del progetto: circa cento stakeholder chiave, tra cui banche, agenzie nazionali e locali, organismi tecnici, laboratori di certificazione e standard, istituti di formazione, università; più di duecento imprese, professionisti e associazioni d’imprese, circa cento amministrazioni e istituzioni, tra cui ministeri e altri organismi nazionali, Comuni e Unioni di Comuni, ONG.
Oltre trentamila le persone sono state coinvolte nel progetto attraverso le attività di capitalizzazione, in otto eventi pubblici, o nelle attività di sensibilizzazione per promuovere l’efficienza energetica e l’energia solare, tra cui la partecipazione all’iniziativa M’illumino di meno, i laboratori nelle scuole, i campeggi per promuovere il risparmio energetico con gli scout, il video contest MED-DESIRE, le iniziative rivolte ai bambini, la competizione sui social media #TheSunForYou. L’evento ha costituito inoltre l’occasione per discutere delle prospettive future di diffusione delle energie rinnovabili e dell’efficienza energetica nei Paesi del Mediterraneo, attraverso l’esperienza di autorevoli rappresentanti delle organizzazioni nazionali e internazionali coinvolte nelle attività di progetto.
La partnership del Progetto strategico MED-DESIRE si compone di nove partner da cinque Paesi: Italia, Spagna, Tunisia, Libano ed Egitto.
Per l’Italia sono coinvolti la Regione Puglia – Area Politiche per lo Sviluppo, il Lavoro e l’Innovazione – Servizio Ricerca Industriale e Innovazione (Lead Partner); l’ARTI, l’Agenzia regionale per le Tecnologie e l’Innovazione (co-attuatore del progetto); il Ministero Italiano dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare; l’ENEA – Agenzia Nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l’energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile.
Per la Spagna sono coinvolti l’Agenzia Andalusa per l’Energia (AAE), l’Istituto Andaluso di Tecnologia (IAT) e il Centro di Ricerche Energetiche, Ambientali e Tecnologiche – Piattaforma di Almeria (CIEMAT – PSA).
Sulla sponda sud del Mediterraneo, sono coinvolti l’Agenzia Nazionale Tunisina per la Conservazione dell’Energia (ANME), il Centro Libanese per la Conservazione dell’Energia (LCEC) e l’Autorità Egiziana per l’Energia Nuova e Rinnovabile (NREA).
La région méditerranéenne a un énorme potentiel dans la production de l’énergie solaire, mais il existe de nombreux obstacles qui limitent encore sa propagation. Marchés solaires sur la rive nord de la Méditerranée technologiques ont connu une croissance constante au cours de la dernière décennie, alors que la situation est encore à un stade précoce dans les pays partenaires du Sud. En dépit de l’engagement politique collectif et la reconnaissance commune du grand potentiel solaire dans la Méditerranée, certains des obstacles à la mise au point et la diffusion de l’énergie solaire persistent. En fait, il y a peu de sensibilisation perçu des prestations qui seraient obtenus, aussi les techniciens et les installateurs ne sont pas toujours les compétences nécessaires, la qualité des composants de centrales solaires est souvent pas très élevé, enfin, il existe des incitations et le manque de réglementations économiques faisant utilisation obligatoire des technologies solaires dans les bâtiments. Il y a, en outre, les prix subventionnés de l’électricité produite par des centrales à combustibles fossiles. En fin de compte, il y a une mauvaise perception des avantages des investissements dans l’industrie solaire, et l’absence d’instruments financiers dédiés.
DESIRE MED est l’une des quatre-vingt-cinq projets financés par l’IEVP CT Med, qui, avec un budget total de 200 millions d’euros, et sous la direction de la Région autonome de Sardaigne (autorité de gestion), vise à promouvoir un processus de coopération harmonieuse et le niveau durable des bassins, face à des défis communs et en valorisant le potentiel endogène de la zone. Il est une initiative financée par la coopération transfrontalière multilatérale européenne de voisinage et de partenariat (IEVP) impliquant quatorze pays: Chypre, Égypte, France, Jordanie, Grèce, Israël, Italie, Liban, Malte, Palestine, Portugal, Espagne, Syrie (participation actuellement suspendu) et de la Tunisie.
Ce projet dispose d’un budget total de 4.470.463,70 euros, financé à 90% par l’Union européenne à travers la Politique européenne de voisinage et de partenariat. Le Programme IEVP CT Med vise à renforcer la coopération entre l’UE et les régions des pays partenaires placés le long des rives de la mer Méditerranée.
L’objectif principal du programme MED-désir est d’obtenir des résultats tangibles par rapport à ces défis, l’élimination des obstacles liés à l’ordre légal, réglementaire, économique et organisationnel diffusion de la technologie de l’énergie solaire distribuée. Le projet, en fait, vise à diffuser l’efficacité énergétique et l’énergie solaire dans toute la région méditerranéenne à travers l’étude de marché innovant des systèmes de financement et des instruments d’incitation. Le projet poursuit la réalisation de la coopération transfrontalière efficace entre les pays partenaires et la sensibilisation du public sur ses avantages pour l’environnement et pour le développement local durable.
Dans la conférence finale «Le soleil pour vous: l’énergie durable pour la Méditerranée”, ils ont été présentés les principaux résultats du projet, qui a impliqué neuf partenaires de cinq pays (Egypte, Liban, Italie, Espagne, Tunisie), coordonné par la région des Pouilles, Département Développement économique, de l’Innovation, de l’éducation, de la formation et de l’emploi – Section de la recherche et de l’innovation industrielle et de l’Arti – Agence Régionale des Pouilles pour la technologie et l’innovation (Co-actionneur du projet).
Les objectifs du projet sont en détail:
• Renforcer la capacité des gouvernements et des institutions régionales
• Obtenir supérieure et diffuser l’expertise et locaux professionnels techniques, visant à éliminer les principaux obstacles techniques à la distribution de la technologie solaire
• Définir des mécanismes financiers innovants et des instruments adaptés pour stimuler le marché en vue de soutenir la large diffusion des technologies de l’énergie solaire
• Assurer une plus grande prise de conscience et une approche participative forte entre le public locale et privée
• Déterminer un large consensus parmi les principaux acteurs publics et privés sur le rôle central de l’énergie renouvelable pour le développement durable et protection de l’environnement
• Mettre en place dans les pays européens et méditerranéens un cadre pour la coopération entre les fournisseurs de technologie et de services énergétiques pour soutenir le développement d’un marché commun de l’énergie durable
Ces objectifs ont été poursuivis par des actions concrètes:
• Analyse comparative des politiques nationales / régionales et des programmes axés sur l’énergie solaire et l’efficacité énergétique
• Analyse des procédures actuelles de certification de la technologie solaire dans les pays partenaires méditerranéens et les régions européennes
• Elaboration de recommandations et plans d’action pour l’amélioration du cadre législatif et réglementaire
• Initiatives pour le renforcement des capacités des techniciens et des professionnels de l’énergie solaire pour assurer la qualité des composants et des systèmes
• Les activités de formation destinées aux décideurs concernés par la réglementation de l’énergie solaire
• le développement d’instruments financiers novateurs et stimulant pour le marché
Le projet est destiné à certains interlocuteurs:
• centrale et administrations locales, les institutions et les organismes qui amélioreront leur boutique de connaissances sur les mesures techniques, législatives et financières qui seront ensuite faciliter le développement de politiques
• Les PME et les professionnels, qui permettront d’améliorer leur connaissance des technologies solaires locales et les opportunités offertes par le marché
• Les institutions financières qui requièrent des technologies claires et fiables, les coûts d’investissement, le temps de récupération et les taux de rendement interne, ainsi que sur un cadre réglementaire stable
• Les organisations d’appui aux entreprises, des associations professionnelles et des districts industriels, qui seront impliqués dans des campagnes de sensibilisation et de renforcer leur rôle de référence pour les PME des deux côtés de la Méditerranée
Enfin, les bénéficiaires finals sont:
• Les collectivités locales et les citoyens en général
• Les consommateurs de l’énergie (de détail et industriel)
• Les centres de recherche et les universités
MED-Désiré a développé trois mécanismes financiers innovants pour soutenir l’investissement public et privé dans les technologies d’énergie solaire distribués en Tunisie (installations de systèmes photovoltaïques de taille moyenne), l’Egypte (pour les systèmes thermiques solaires dans le secteur domestique) et au Liban (dédiée à divers types de technologies).
En outre, le projet a développé trois types de règlements solaires qui introduire une obligation pour les propriétaires et les constructeurs à installer des systèmes solaires thermiques dans les bâtiments neufs ou dans des bâtiments soumis à l’entretien dans des villes pilotes de la Tunisie (Hammam-Sousse), le Liban ( prise de vue) et l’Egypte (à travers le New Urban Communautés Autorité – NAPE). Améliorer la qualité des plantes est essentiel, ce qui explique pourquoi MED-Désiré a appuyé l’adoption de nouvelles normes techniques et le renforcement des organismes de certification locaux et laboratoires d’essais; Elle a également favorisé la qualité des installations solaires avec des initiatives pour les professionnels et les installateurs et la qualification des formateurs techniques dans les écoles professionnelles. Tout au long de dix cours de formation pilote: quatre sur les technologies solaires distribués, visant à les formateurs des écoles de formation professionnelle (en Egypte, Liban, Tunisie) et de techniciens et installateurs en Italie (Pouilles); 3 sur trois ordonnances solaires sur les mécanismes financiers en Egypte, au Liban et en Tunisie; cinq initiatives de renforcement des capacités (2 visites d’étude dans les trois laboratoires de l’ENEA en Italie visant à des groupes d’experts des pays impliqués dans le projet et trois séminaires sur la qualité de la chaîne de valeur du photovoltaïque, ainsi que 12 missions techniques en Egypte, le Liban et la Tunisie. Dans «portée du projet, ont été signés cinq accords au niveau national et international entre les partenaires et institutions, relatif à l’adoption de nouveaux programmes d’études et les normes et l’introduction de nouvelles règles concernant les instruments pour stimuler le marché, y compris Figure du protocole d’entente (signé lors de l’événement final) entre l’Agence Andalouse de l’énergie (Espagne) et l’Autorité pour la Nouvelle et énergie renouvelable (l’Egypte) pour la coopération dans le domaine de l’énergie renouvelable. Le projet a connu une grande collaboration entre les partenaires et une plus forte participation des parties prenantes du projet: environ une centaine de parties prenantes, y compris les banques, les agences nationales et locales, les organisations techniques, les laboratoires de certification et les normes, les instituts de formation, universités; plus de deux cents entreprises, des associations professionnelles et commerciales, environ une centaine de gouvernement et les institutions, y compris les ministères et autres organismes nationaux, les municipalités et les syndicats de communes, les ONG.
Plus de trente mille personnes ont été impliquées dans le projet à travers les activités de capitalisation dans huit événements publics, ou dans des activités de sensibilisation afin de promouvoir l’efficacité énergétique et l’énergie solaire, y compris la participation dans l’évent M’illumino di meno, ateliers dans les écoles, campings pour promouvoir la conservation de l’énergie avec les scouts, le concours vidéo MED-Désiré, les initiatives destinées aux enfants, la concurrence sur les médias sociaux #TheSunForYou. L’événement a également été l’occasion de discuter des perspectives d’avenir de l’expansion des énergies renouvelables et l’efficacité énergétique dans les pays méditerranéens, à travers l’expérience des principaux représentants des organisations nationales et internationales impliquées dans les activités du projet.
Le partenariat stratégique du projet MED-DESIRE est composé de neuf partenaires de cinq pays: l’Italie, l’Espagne, la Tunisie, le Liban et l’Egypte.
Pour l’Italie sont impliqués Région Pouilles – Politiques de développement régional, l’emploi et innovation – Service de recherche industrielle et l’innovation (chef de file); ARTI, l’Agence régionale pour la technologie et l’innovation (Co-actionneur du projet); le Ministère italien de l’environnement, des terres et de la mer; ENEA – Agence nationale italienne pour les nouvelles technologies, l’énergie et le développement économique durable.
Pour l’Espagne participent l’Agence Andalouse de l’énergie (EPT), l’Institut andalou de technologie (IAT) et le Centre de recherche pour l’énergie, l’environnement et technologique – Plate-forme d’Almeria (CIEMAT – PSA).
Dans les rives sud de la Méditerranée, sont impliqués l’Agence nationale tunisienne pour la conservation de l’énergie (ANME), le Centre libanais pour la conservation de l’énergie (LCEC) et l’Autorité égyptienne pour les énergies nouvelles et renouvelables (NREA).

La Banque Maghrébine d’Investissement et de Commerce Extérieur (BMICE) is born in Tunis

  • 31 December 2015

On Monday, 21 December is created officially the Banque de Commerce et d’Investissement Maghreb Extérieur (BMICE), with an initial capital of $ 150 million.
On the same day the constitutive general assembly of BMICE -at the presence of Prime Minister of Tunisia, Habib Essid, the Foreign Minister, the Central Bank Governors and senior officials of the governments of the five countries that are part of ‘ Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), namely Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia- took place in Tunis.
The Banque de Commerce et d’Investissement Maghreb Extérieur will be based in Tunis and it was decided that its president is an Algerian and its general manager is a Tunisian.
Last month, the announcement of the imminent creation had been done to Rabat from Kouider Lahoual, expert of the Directorate for Economic Affairs of the Arab Maghreb Union (Uma) emphasizing that the realization Uma in the financial field, this takes another step forward.
The UMA was founded with the goal of creating a free trade area in the Arab Maghreb by 1992, and then rise to a customs union by 1995. The projects are yet unfinished, because of the traditional contrasts between Algeria and Morocco, as well as the international isolation of Libya.
Signed in 1989 the agreement establishing Uma, the Union becomes effective only in 2006, but its implementation has long been frozen due to the tensions on the Western Sahara between Morocco and Algeria. The new bank may also help to harmonize the trade of ‘whole area with the Maghreb countries of the European Union, now regulated at the level of agreements with individual states.
The implementation of the UMA in finance is thus good news for all states that are part of the Union, to the businessmen and entrepreneurs of the region that will have such access to a new source of financing for their activities.
The fundamental mission of the new bank financing of infrastructure projects common to the five UMA member countries (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania) and the development of intra-Maghreb trade, given the strong potential of a market of over ninety million consumers.
The goal of the Banque de Commerce et d’Investissement Maghreb Extérieur is to finance large infrastructure projects common to the five countries of the AMU. The BMICE will also contribute to the development of an integrated thanks to the promotion of intra-Maghreb trade, a market of ninety million consumers, and to the strengthening of the circulation of goods and capital between countries in the region.

Negative rates on Italian BoT: the paradox of negative rates

  • 30 December 2015

Lately in the financial markets we are witnessing a strange phenomenon: the Italian State continues to gain with the financial markets through debt securities, although these negative cash flow. For the first time, in fact, in November 2015, they were issued BoT to six months with negative rates amounting to 6 billion euros. It was also placed a tranche of Ctz August 30, 2017 to negative rates in the amount of 1.75 billion euros. The gross yield Ctz is 0.023% and, despite the negative returns, demand was of 3.7 billion euros.
The Italian state has placed through the Treasury 6 billion euro with an average yield to 0.05% compared to + 0.023% in September. The demand at the auction was almost 13 billion euros.
The market, therefore, continues to fund the Italian government despite there’s not a profit and indeed there is a cost in commissions for those who buy the Bot. Infact, investors who buy government bonds on the primary and secondary markets receive no remuneration but they have to pay a commission to “park” liquidity in these securities. It states that investors have no longer to pay a cost (the interest rate) on its main refinancing operations. So they earn into debt, because there is a return at maturity a lower figure than that collection.
Compared to four years ago, in fact, an investment of one thousand Euros after six months would have earned € 65. Today, with an investment identical, it ensures due € 995, a figure lower than spending.
This quick comparison is enough to show the absolute uniqueness of the moment. L ‘architect of this exceptional is the expectation that soon there will be a further expansion of the program to purchase government bonds, the so-called quantitative easing. In view of a further fall in interest rates on deposits, to 0.2% today, and a further fall in yields, resulting in higher prices, even the purchase of stocks with negative returns can be convenient.
These expectations are the result of certain statements made by the Governor of the European Central Bank, Mario Draghi. This combination has brought bond yields of European states to touch lows never seen to date, with significant impacts on state budgets, due to the lower cost of servicing the public debt.
In the past mainly the countries considered most solid had benefits of the “paradox” of negative rates: Germany, France, the Netherlands, and Finland. Today also Italy is added to this “exclusive club”. Since 1994 Italy wanted to get into this club. In that year, while everyone was hypnotized by the new challenge between Achille Occhetto and Silvio Berlusconi, suddenly two German politicians named Karl Lamers and Wolfgang Schäuble released a document inflamed and outraged the entire country: they proposed a Europe of the “hard core”. The Mediterranean states it would remain for the time being excluded.
The paradox is that there is a frenesy to buy stocks that make less than zero and banks, as opposed to any investor would do, not simply decide to forgo the investment holding liquidity parked in other instruments such as deposit accounts. This challenge would be obvious and legitimate if, as in principle it should be; these deposit accounts will give interests or at least did not require commissions.
The problem is that if today a bank, instead of buying BoT or CTZ to negative rates, preferred to keep the liquidity parked would ultimately lose more. The ECB has long resulted in a negative 0.2% and deposit rates last steering hinted it is ready to reduce them further.
If parking the cash with the ECB implies the payment of commissions you need to find cheaper alternatives. Buy government bonds in the near term is one of them. An alternative that, as uneconomical (because of negative rates), it may prove more convenient to the extent that the yield below zero are more favourable compared to the Committee (i.e., the rate of deposit -0.2%) that the ECB would require. In this case a semi-annual BoT which has a negative rate of 0.055% ensures a “prize” (so to speak) of 1.45% on the parking ECB. In both cases, obviously, the investor loses, but buying BoT the loss is smaller.
Until a few months ago, the ECB acknowledged a positive interest on those accounts. Earlier this year, instead it brought the “deposit rate” (that charged on banks to park cash in Frankfurt) to a height of less than 0.20%. For Deutsche Bank, Unicredit and Santander hold the money at the central bank is expensive, and probably it will be even more in the future. President Mario Draghi has hinted that in next future, the ECB could further reduce the interest rate on deposits, so that there is no longer a level below which the deposit rates cannot fall.
This is why a bank should increasingly invest in an Italian government bond, so widespread and abundant on the market today to be almost the equivalent of cash in another form. In fact if the bank takes the BoT made by Rome Treasury, at the end of the year, the bank will lose only 0.035%. Instead of, if the bank decides to buy European Central Bank bonds, it will lose 0.20% (and, according to recent statements, probably in the future this rate will be 0.30% or even more).
Also, it is to consider that inflation, currently, it is so low that even this type of negative returns do not really erodes the purchasing power of money. Finally, even with negative returns at maturity, the prices of bonds rise as these become the most coveted by the banks because the ECB is increasing its ‘tax’ on their deposits. Buy and sell at the right times can also create a strong gain. Interest rates are no longer the indicator of the strength of the debtor, but depend on the decisions of the European Central Bank. Its action is decisive in confusing debtors and weaknesses, in support credit making it less expensive, in devaluing the euro helping exports.
In the international scene, also remain unknown the next moves of the Federal Reserve. Lately, President Janet Yellen hinted several times that the expected rate hike will not happen in tight times, unlike what you believe this summer. Analysing the latest employment data released by the Monetary Committee of the Federal Reserve, we have realized that they are less encouraging than expected, therefore, the experts do not expect any decision on that front. In the international scene, also, there are the unknowns about the next moves of the Federal Reserve.

Morocco invests in solar energy 9 billion of dollars: new opportunities for foreign investors

  • 30 December 2015

The decision of Moroccan government to invest in renewable energy is dictated by the fact that, currently, the North African country is forced to import 94% of the energy it uses. The goal of containing costs, combined with that of the reduction of energy dependence, led the government of Rabat, unable to exploit the gas or the black gold as many other countries in the area, the decision to take advantage of one of the main resources of the country: the sun.
The objective of cost control, combined with the reduction of energy dependence, led the government in Rabat – unable to exploit the gas or black gold as many other countries of the Zone- decision enjoy one of the main resources of the country: the sun.
The Moroccan government has decided to set up a solar power plant in the Sahara desert, where summer temperatures exceed 50 °. Today the construction was completed by 25% and will include 500,000 parabolic mirrors 12 meters high, arranged in 800 files (covering 2,500 ha). The mirrors will be addressed in the sun all day – following the rotation-to capture as much as possible the heat and therefore energy. The panel layout is designed to minimize the damage caused by sandstorms and desert winds. The control unit is the second generation of the technology through the use of molten salts to improve storage capacity and therefore the energy efficiency of the installation. As regards the Noor 1, storage is about 3 hours. The Noor 2, 3 and 4 will establish a greater storage capacity, comprised between 5 and 8 hours. In this way, the centre of Ouarzazate should be able to provide during the night entrance in the National accumulated energy network, so basically could produce without interruption.
The building plan of the solar energy central is divided into four phases. The first, which is lead to the birth of the factory Noor 1, began in 2013 and is nearing completion. The end of this phase will ensure energy production of 160 megawatts. In the starting phase is planned the construction of Noor 2 and 3, which will lead in 2017 to achieve 75% of the entire project.
The total investment for the Ouarzazate is complex nearly 9 billion, partly financed by the European Investment Bank (EIB), the World Bank, the Development Agency for France (AFD) and KfW Entwicklungsbank (KfW).
For the moment, the energy produced by the complex of Ouarzazate is designed solely for domestic consumption. However the Moroccan Solar Agency (MASEN) decladred that negotiations are under way with some countries of the region, in particular with Tunisia, to conclude export agreements. At the end, in fact, the plant will produce up to 580 megawatts of electricity – becoming the world’s most powerful – enough to meet the energy needs of one million homes. Using this potential, the North African country would be one of the key exporting states of energy.
The Minister for Energy Moroccan Abd-el-Kader Amara said that by 2030 Morocco aims to cover the 52% of its energy needs through renewable sources, especially through solar and wind power. This ad appears to be interesting from the point of view of the possibilities for foreign companies to invest.
In fact, especially the countries of the Mediterranean basin could benefit from lower production costs, competitive prices, resulting from a true integrated regional market.
In addition, the Energy Minister Amara, said: “To achieve our goal by 2030 we will need -between 2016 to 2030- to be able to produce 11,000 megawatts in more thanks to renewable sources, in particular from solar and PV thanks to an additional investment of 30 billion of dollars. ” It follows that investments in the Kingdom are not to be neglected.
The Moroccan government, finally, is going to renew the field of liquefied natural gas. “We anticipate an additional investment of 4.5 billion dollars,” said Amara. “Even here, he concludes, there are lots of opportunities for foreign investors.”

ENPI MED Green initiative: the project for plastic recycling started in Tunis

  • 30 December 2015

On December 15, the project Enpi Green MED initiative (Gmi) was officially inaugurated in Tunis. This project includes the installation of 36 recycling facilities for cans and plastic bottles in many schools in the urban area of the Tunisian capital.
The project is part of the Programme ENPI CBC Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme (2007-2013), a cross-border multilateral cooperation initiative founded by the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument.
The program’s goal is to promote a process of sustainable and harmonious cooperation in the Mediterranean through a fruitful interaction between the participants on the challenges and endogenous changes that can potentially affect all Mediterranean countries. This cooperation project is a contribution to economic cultural, social, environmental and in the Mediterranean region. The participating states in the program are: Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, the Palestinian Authority, Portugal, Spain, Syria and Tunisia. The Joint Managing Authority (JMA), which is the authority that manages the project, is the autonomous region of Sardinia (Italy). The official languages of the program are Arabic, English, and French.
The total budget is € 4,126,873 and is funded for an amount of 3,714,185 euros by the EU -thanks to the European Neighbourhood and Partnership qua aims to strengthen the cooperation of the European Union and partner countries in the Mediterranean region.
GMI project aims to develop an incentive scheme for the recycling of waste at international level to promote sustainable environmental practices in schools and universities. Recycling provides a point’s accumulation system, and then this will result in prizes for the most virtuous users. The project involves the use of a technology platform, supported by a program of communication and awareness building. During the three years of implementation, in fact, the project will develop a system based on incentives to promote sustainable environmental practices in schools and universities, through outreach activities to environment to encourage young people to consolidate their responsibility and knowledge environment.
The goal then is to promote harmonized and sustainable cooperation in the Mediterranean, involving six countries bordering the northern and southern shores of the Mediterranean: Lebanon, Egypt, Italy, Spain, France and Tunisia, for a total of 12 partners. The project represents another opportunity that Europe offers to the six countries of the Mediterranean to develop a cross-border program to encourage recycling of waste, with particular attention to the plastic recycling (PET).
GMI specifically intends to create a network of 200 ATMs reversed (machines for the recycling of bottles) among the six partner countries of the project. These machines will be placed in local schools that foster communication and awareness campaign to families, youth, seniors, students and all citizens. In parallel, a communication program will accompany the collection and recycling of waste activities.
Users are encouraged to recycle water bottles and boxes and introducing them in Revolver machines in exchange for points that the machine will then be redeemed against priced based on a repayment plan that will be implemented during the project. The Revolver machines will be centrally connected via GPRS to an online reporting system to monitor the situation.
Each hours, in fact, approximately 250 thousand plastic bottles end up in landfills, where they account for 50% of the waste which, however, could be recycled to produce, for example, PET, namely another plastic which will then constitute new bottles, containers and trays. Otherwise, each bottle will have 450 years to begin the process of decomposition and other 80 (50 in the most optimistic outlook) to decompose into force.
To create new materials from existing materials need much less energy to produce than with raw materials encourage and educate young people to recycle is therefore a key step whose importance is clear from the beginning, the immediate objectives project: to collect about 20 tons of cans and plastic bottles in all participating countries.
Recycling one aluminium can, in fact, enough energy to power a 100-watt bulb for 20 hours, a computer for three hours and a TV for 2 hours. Environmental information on the effects of human activities on the environment is essential to create environmental awareness that is not against economic development or scientific progress. Rather, this awareness should bring to an environmentally sustainable development in order to prevent adverse effects caused by man himself, how pollution, global warming and deforestation.
The recycling of the material previously used for the production of other items can reduce pollution and make the most of the primary resources of the planet while reducing the impact on the environment. In addition, like any resource, plastic and aluminium have a much lower price per kilogram than oil or gold, but the amount of waste produced by a city is a treasure to be exploited.
The aim of Green -in measure- MED is to recycle about 20 tonnes between bottles and cans.
The overall project aims to involve about 10,000 young people in the recycling sector and 50,000 people informed about GMI and initiatives between the partner countries to implement joint strategies for recycling.
The goal is to install about 200 machines in schools, universities and training centres, which will produce a collection of about 20 tons of cans and PET bottles, including through the signing of agreements in Local to promote recycling.

The project partners are:
 Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture of Beirut and Mount Lebanon
 Regional Association of Municipalities of Sardinia
 Averda Servus
 Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Marseille
 Confederation of Egyptian European Business Associations (CEEBA)
 CSPI – Chamber of Commerce of Cagliari
 Association of Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the Mediterranean (ASCAME)
 Association of Enterprises for Environmental Conservation
 Chamber of Commerce of Barcelona
 Development Foundation for Innovation and Technology (FUNDITEC)
 Chamber of Commerce of Tunisia
 SERVICORP