Eighteenth edition of the Borsa Mediterranea del Turismo Archeologico (BMTA): new technologies applied to archaeology

  • 28 October 2015

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michael kors Black Friday 2015The Borsa Mediterranea del Turismo Archeologico (BMTA), a fair event conceived and organized by Leader Srl, takes place in 1998 in Capaccio and has as its objective the promotion of the sites and destinations of archaeological recall, promotes the marketing, contribute to the increase and seasonal adjustment, creates economic opportunities and employment effects. The Exchange brings together this extraordinary cultural heritage sector with the business professional, with the experts, with travellers, with fans and with schools.

The 18th edition of the BTMA takes place from October 29 to November 1, confirming an original event of its kind: BTMA is the unique salon exhibition in the world of archaeological heritage and Archeo Virtual, the international exhibition of innovative multimedia technologies, interactive and virtual ; place of study and dissemination of issues dedicated to tourism and cultural heritage; place of meeting for the experts, for tour operators and cultural, for travellers, for fans; business opportunities in the fascinating location of the Archaeological Museum with the workshop between the foreign demand selected by ENIT and the offer of cultural tourism and archaeological.

The picturesque location of BTMA is the area adjacent to the Temple of Ceres (Exhibition Hall, Laboratories of Experimental Archaeology, ArcheoIncontri), the National Archaeological Museum (ArcheoVirtual, Conferences, Workshops with foreign buyers), the early Christian Basilica (Opening Conference, ArcheoLavoro, Meetings with Stakeholders).

The BTMA recorded in the last year about 10,000 visitors, 100 exhibitors with twenty foreign countries, fifty conferences and meetings, 300 speakers, 120 operators offer, 100 journalists; also got important collaborations of international bodies such as UNESCO, ICCROM and UNWTO.

Noting the growing importance that cultural heritage plays as a factor in intercultural dialogue, social integration and economic development, every year the stock market promotes cooperation among peoples through the participation and exchange of experiences: after Egypt, Morocco , Tunisia, Syria, France, Algeria, Greece, Libya, Peru, Portugal, Cambodia, Turkey, Armenia, Venezuela, Azerbaijan, Guest Country in 2015 will be India.

During the BTMA there are numerous special sections: ArcheoIncontri for press conferences and presentations of cultural projects and regional development; ArcheoLavoro guidance post diploma and post-graduate with presentation of the training by the University in the salon; ArcheoStartUp in emerging cultural enterprises and innovative projects in archaeological activities; Meetings with the protagonists in which the general public involved with the known popularisers of the TV; Laboratory of Experimental Archaeology for the dissemination of the techniques used in ancient times to make the artefacts of daily use; Prize “A. Fiammenghi” for the best thesis on archaeological tourism; Award “Paestum Archaeology” assigned to those who contribute to the promotion of cultural heritage; guided tours and educational for journalists and visitors.

The principal news this year will be the International Archaeological Discovery Award “Khaled al-Asaad,” the award named after the director of the archaeological site of Palmyra who paid with their lives for the defence of the cultural heritage: the stock exchange and in collaboration with Archeo magazines international media partners Antike Welt (Germany), Archéologie Suisse (Switzerland), Current Archaeology (UK), Dossiers d’Archeologie (France) will award the main archaeological discoveries of last year.

ArcheoVirtual this year has made it possible to cross a fortified town in Spain in the second century BC, visit the Forum of Augustus in the splendour of imperial Rome, walk the labyrinth of Versailles discover the sumptuous gardens of the 1600 and 1700 and look three-dimensional objects, pieces of art and antiques of the Palace French under Louis XIV.

“It’s possible to go through archaeological sites and monuments due to the newness of the viewers Virtual reality – explains the director of the exhibition and researcher of the Virtual Heritage Lab of CNR ITABC, Sofia Pescarin – Different types of visions, a unique experience”.

It starts from a fortified village of Numancia, Spain in the second century BC, wearing the appropriate mask connected to a smartphone, visitors can move at will through the streets, courtyards and houses of the town native. The application uses the virtual reality system Samsung Gear and is produced by El Ranchito.

Another opportunity is to jump to go to the Labyrinth of Versailles. We are in France in the period between 1665 and 1675 and in the reconstruction there are the gardens of the Royal Palace is the Oculus Rift.

The application allows to soak in the reality of time and also to interact with it: you look at the thirty-nine fountains in the park, each of which illustrates a fable by Aesop and you have a way to activate a connected entertainment.

From this process, by the University of Massachusetts, it’s possible to move several centuries back, in ancient Rome, one of the first imperial ages, entering the Forum of Augustus. Leading the virtual visitor is always Oculus Rift in the creation of the Laboratory of Virtual Heritage ITABC CNR (Institute for Technologies Applied to Cultural Heritage). A manual control allows you to move forwards or backwards, the movement of the head do change direction. And so it penetrates between the columns of the large arcaded square desired by the first Roman emperor, or climb the stairs to get inside the temple at the centre of the Forum.

The last act of this “complete sensory experience”, as described by the same director Pescarin, is a dip between objects of art and everyday life from the Petit Trianon of Versailles Palace seen in three dimensions thanks to the project Kivi (Kit immersive visualization) made by the French CNRS.

Another issue that will be addressed in BTMA regards the application of technologies to the use of cultural heritage. In this sector, Italy is a pioneer, as is clear from the workshop “Virtual Archaeology in the study and promotion of the territory” (organized by section Archeovirtual, promoted in collaboration with the Institute for Technologies Applied to Cultural Heritage (ITABC) CNR) that It will be held on October 31. “The Virtual Heritage should be an Italian brand – remarked Sofia Pescarin – since the 80’s the first experiments in this field come from our country. On the international scene we are confronted with the German technology and applications capabilities of the Americans, but our ability to build a single application that combines design, narrative, culture and technology is the strongest. In Europe there is a market of reference – he continued – as emerged from our research in the Network of Excellence of the museums, which shows that 89% of developers plan to add a technology application within of its sites. For us it is an observatory Archevirtual fundamental also to test audience reactions to applications. This year we brought in shows the applications of immersive reality and two are the most common comments we left the audience Stock Exchange: their great utility for those who suffer from disabilities and for tour operators to offer a preview of the destination tourist offering”.

“Digital technologies offer a tremendous help to the necessary innovative approach to the use – remarked Director dell’ITABC CNR Paolo Mauriello – and Archeovirtual is the laboratory in which we pull the money of our business and we want to show how research can be driving force for the development of a territory “.

“The economic potential that can result from this type of activities is still not really clear – said Augusto Palombini, CNR researcher ITABC – A major limitation is the legal vacuum of our Code of Cultural Heritage that, dated, not circumscribe the limits of marketing cases playback in 3D models. While there are many visitors who ask to buy the virtual reproductions”.

 

 La Borsa Mediterranea del Turismo Archeologico (BMTA), evento fieristico ideato ed organizzato dalla Leader S.r.l., si svolge 1998 a Capaccio-Paestum ed ha come obiettivo la promozione dei siti e delle destinazioni di richiamo archeologico, favorire la commercializzazione, contribuire alla destagionalizzazione e incrementare le opportunità economiche e gli effetti occupazionali. La Borsa consente l’incontro di questo straordinario settore dei beni culturali con il business professionale, con gli addetti ai lavori, con i viaggiatori, con gli appassionati e con il mondo scolastico.

La 18° edizione della BTMA si svolge dal 29 ottobre al 1 novembre, confermandosi un evento originale nel suo genere: sede dell’unico Salone espositivo al mondo del patrimonio archeologico e di ArcheoVirtual, l’innovativa mostra internazionale di tecnologie multimediali, interattive e virtuali; luogo di approfondimento e divulgazione di temi dedicati al turismo culturale ed al patrimonio; occasione d’incontro per gli addetti ai lavori, per gli operatori turistici e culturali, per i viaggiatori, per gli appassionati; opportunità di business nell’affascinante location del Museo Archeologico con il Workshop tra la domanda estera selezionata dall’Enit e l’offerta del turismo culturale ed archeologico.

La suggestiva location della BTMA è l’area adiacente al Tempio di Cerere (Salone Espositivo, Laboratori di Archeologia Sperimentale, ArcheoIncontri), il Museo Archeologico Nazionale (ArcheoVirtual, Conferenze, Workshop con i buyers esteri), la Basilica Paleocristiana (Conferenza di apertura, ArcheoLavoro, Incontri con i Protagonisti).

La BTMA ha fatto registrare nella passata edizione circa 10.000 visitatori, 100 espositori con venti Paesi esteri, cinquanta tra conferenze e incontri, 300 relatori, 120 operatori dell’offerta, 100 giornalisti; inoltre ha ottenuto importanti collaborazioni di organismi internazionali quali UNESCO, UNWTO e ICCROM.

Nel rilevare sempre più l’importanza che il patrimonio culturale riveste come fattore di dialogo interculturale, d’integrazione sociale e di sviluppo economico, ogni anno la Borsa promuove la cooperazione tra i popoli attraverso la partecipazione e lo scambio di esperienze: dopo Egitto, Marocco, Tunisia, Siria, Francia, Algeria, Grecia, Libia, Perù, Portogallo, Cambogia, Turchia, Armenia, Venezuela, Azerbaigian, Paese Ospite nel 2015 sarà l’India. La stretta collaborazione con le Regioni determinerà da quest’anno la scelta di una Regione Ospite Ufficiale: la presenza della Regione Lazio, quale Ospite 2015, rappresenta un implicito riconoscimento dell’autorevolezza raggiunta dalla Borsa.

Per la prima volta, inoltre, nel Salone Espositivo sarà presente il Miur con la Direzione Generale per lo Studente, l’Integrazione e la Partecipazione.

Numerose le sezioni speciali: ArcheoIncontri per conferenze stampa e presentazioni di progetti culturali e di sviluppo territoriale; ArcheoLavoro orientamento post diploma e post laurea con presentazione dell’offerta formativa a cura delle Università presenti nel Salone; ArcheoStartUp in cui si presentano nuove imprese culturali e progetti innovativi nelle attività archeologiche; Incontri con i Protagonisti nei quali il grande pubblico interviene con i noti divulgatori della TV; Laboratori di Archeologia Sperimentale per la divulgazione delle tecniche utilizzate nell’antichità per realizzare i manufatti di uso quotidiano; Premio “A. Fiammenghi” per la migliore tesi di laurea sul turismo archeologico; Premio “Paestum Archeologia” assegnato a chi contribuisce alla valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale; visite guidate ed educational per giornalisti e visitatori.

La grande novità di quest’anno sarà l’International Archaeological Discovery Award “Khaled al-Asaad”, il Premio intitolato al Direttore del sito archeologico di Palmira che ha pagato con la vita la difesa del patrimonio culturale: la Borsa e Archeo in collaborazione con le riviste media partner internazionali Antike Welt (Germania), Archéologie Suisse (Svizzera), Current Archaeology (Regno Unito), Dossiers d’Archéologie (Francia) premieranno le principali scoperte archeologiche dello scorso anno.

Quest’anno ArcheoVirtual ha dato la possibilità di attraversare una città fortificata nella Spagna del II secolo a.C., visitare il Foro di Augusto nello splendore della Roma imperiale, percorrere il Labirinto di Versailles scoprendo i sontuosi giardini del ‘600 e del ‘700 e osservare in tre dimensioni oggetti, pezzi d’arte e antiquariato della Reggia francese ai tempi di Luigi XIV.

“Si va all’interno di siti archeologici e monumenti grazie alla novità dei visualizzatori di
realtà virtuale – spiega la direttrice della mostra e ricercatrice del Virtual Heritage Lab del Cnr
Itabc, Sofia Pescarin – Differenti tipologie di visioni, una esperienza unica”.

Si parte da un villaggio fortificato di Numancia, nella Spagna del II secolo a.C. Indossando l’apposita mascherina collegata a uno smartphone il visitatore può spostarsi a suo piacimento tra le vie, i cortili e le abitazioni dell’abitato indigeno. L’applicazione sfrutta il sistema di realtà virtuale Samsung Gear ed è prodotta da El Ranchito. Un bel salto temporale per andare al Labirinto di Versailles. Siamo nella Francia nel periodo tra il 1665 e il 1675 e a condurre all’interno della ricostruzione dei giardini della Reggia è l’Oculus Rift. L’applicazione permette di immergersi nella realtà del tempo e anche di interagire con essa: si osservano le trentanove fontane del parco, ognuna delle quali illustra una favola di Esopo e si ha modo di attivare una animazione collegata. Da questa elaborazione, a cura dell’Università del Massachusetts, ci si sposta parecchi secoli dietro, nell’Antica Roma, quella della prima età imperiale, entrando nel Foro di Augusto. A condurre il visitatore virtuale è sempre Oculus Rift nella realizzazione del Laboratorio di Virtual Heritage del Cnr Itabc (Istituto per le Tecnologie Applicate ai Beni Culturali). Un comando manuale permette di avanzare o indietreggiare, gli spostamenti della testa fanno cambiare direzione. E così si penetra tra le colonne della grande piazza porticata voluta dal primo imperatore romano o si sale la scalinata per entrare all’interno del tempio posto al centro del Foro. L’ultimo atto di questa “esperienza completa e sensoriale”, come la descrive la stessa direttrice Pescarin, è un tuffo tra gli oggetti d’arte e di vita quotidiana provenienti dal Petit Trianon della Reggia di Versailles osservati in tre dimensioni grazie al progetto Kivi (Kit di visualizzazione immersiva) realizzato dal Cnrs francese.

Un altro tema che sarà affrontato nella BTMA riguarda l’applicazione delle tecnologie alla fruizione dei beni culturali. In questo settore l’Italia è pioniera, come emerge dal workshop “Archeologia virtuale tra studio e promozione del territorio” (organizzato dalla sezione Archeovirtual, promosso in collaborazione con l’Istituto per le tecnologie applicate ai beni culturali (ITABC) del CNR) che si terrà il 31 Ottobre. “Il Virtual Heritage dovrebbe essere un marchio italiano – ha rimarcato Sofia Pescarin – sin dagli anni ’80 le prime sperimentazioni in questo campo vengono dal nostro Paese. Sulla scena internazionale ci confrontiamo con la tecnologia dei tedeschi e la capacità applicativa degli americani, ma la nostra abilità a costruire un’unica applicazione che coniuga design, narrazione, cultura e tecnologia è la più forte. In Europa c’è un mercato di riferimento importante – ha proseguito – come emerso da una nostra ricerca nella rete di eccellenza dei musei, da cui si evince che l’89% tra gli sviluppatori hanno intenzione di aggiungere un’applicazione tecnologica all’interno dei propri siti. Per noi Archevirtual è un osservatorio fondamentale, anche per testare le reazioni del pubblico alle applicazioni. Quest’anno abbiamo proposto in mostra le applicazioni della realtà immersiva e due sono i commenti più diffusi che ci ha lasciato il pubblico della Borsa: la loro grande utilità per chi ha problemi di disabilità e per i tour operator di poter offrire una preview della destinazione turistica che offrono”.

“Le tecnologie digitali offrono un aiuto fortissimo al necessario approccio innovativo alla fruizione – ha rimarcato il Direttore dell’ITABC del CNR Paolo Mauriello – e Archeovirtual è il laboratorio in cui tiriamo le somme della nostra attività e in cui vogliamo dimostrare quanto la ricerca possa essere trainante per lo sviluppo di un territorio”.

“Le potenzialità economiche che possono derivare da questo tipo di attività non sono ancora veramente chiare – ha evidenziato Augusto Palombini, ricercatore CNR ITABC – Un grande limite viene dal vuoto normativo del nostro Codice dei Beni Culturali che, datato, non inquadra i limiti di commercializzazione dei casi di riproduzione nei modelli 3D. Mentre sono tanti visitatori che chiedono di poter acquistare le riproduzioni virtuali”.

 La Borsa Mediterranea del Turismo Archeologico (BMTA), un événement juste conçu et organisé par le chef Srl, a lieu en 1998 à Capaccio et a comme objectif la promotion des sites et des destinations de rappel archéologique, favorise la commercialisation, de contribuer à l’augmentation et l’ajustement saisonnier, crée des opportunités économiques et des effets sur l’emploi. La Bourse rassemble ce secteur du patrimoine culturel extraordinaire avec le professionnel de l’entreprise, avec les experts, avec les voyageurs, avec des ventilateurs et avec les écoles.

La 18e édition de la BTMA a lieu à partir du 29 Octobre à 1 Novembre, confirmant un événement original en son genre: BTMA est l’exposition de salon unique dans le monde du patrimoine archéologique et Archeo virtuel, le salon international des technologies multimédias innovants, interactifs et virtuels ; lieu d’étude et la diffusion des questions dédié au tourisme et le patrimoine culturel; lieu de rencontre pour les experts, pour les voyagistes et culturelle, pour les voyageurs, pour les fans; opportunités d’affaires dans l’emplacement fascinant du musée archéologique de l’atelier entre la demande étrangère choisie par l’ENIT et l’offre de tourisme culturel et archéologique.

L’emplacement pittoresque de BTMA est la zone adjacente au temple de Cérès (Exhibition Hall, laboratoires d’Archéologie expérimentale, ArcheoIncontri), le Musée national d’archéologie (ArcheoVirtual, conférences, ateliers avec des acheteurs étrangers), la basilique paléochrétienne (Conférence, ArcheoLavoro ouverture, Rencontres avec des intervenants).

Le BTMA enregistré dans la dernière année environ 10.000 visiteurs, 100 exposants avec une vingtaine de pays étrangers, cinquante conférences et réunions, 300 intervenants, 120 opérateurs offrent, 100 journalistes; également obtenu d’importantes collaborations d’organismes internationaux tels que l’UNESCO, l’ICCROM et l’OMT.

Notant l’importance croissante que le patrimoine culturel joue comme un facteur dans le dialogue interculturel, l’intégration sociale et le développement économique, chaque année le marché boursier favorise la coopération entre les peuples grâce à la participation et l’échange d’expériences: après l’Egypte, le Maroc, la Tunisie, la Syrie, la France, l’Algérie , la Grèce, la Libye, le Pérou, le Portugal, le Cambodge, la Turquie, l’Arménie, le Venezuela, l’Azerbaïdjan, pays invité en 2015 sera l’Inde.

Pendant la BTMA il y a de nombreuses sections spéciales: ArcheoIncontri pour des conférences et des présentations de projets culturels et le développement régional presse; ArcheoLavoro diplôme conseils de poste et postuniversitaire à la présentation de la formation par l’Université dans le salon; ArcheoStartUp dans les pays émergents des entreprises culturelles et des projets innovants dans les activités archéologiques; Réunions avec les protagonistes dans laquelle le grand public participe avec les vulgarisateurs connus de la télévision; Laboratoire d’archéologie expérimentale pour la diffusion des techniques utilisées dans les temps anciens pour rendre les objets d’usage quotidien; Prix ​​”A. Fiammenghi “pour la meilleure thèse sur le tourisme archéologique; Award “Paestum Archéologie” attribué à ceux qui contribuent à la promotion du patrimoine culturel; visites guidées et d’éducation pour les journalistes et les visiteurs.

Les nouvelles principale cette année sera le Prix International Découverte archéologique “Khaled al-Asaad,” le prix nommé d’après le directeur du site archéologique de Palmyre qui ont payé de leur vie pour la défense du patrimoine culturel: la bourse et en collaboration avec des magazines Archeo internationales partenaires médias Antike Welt (Allemagne), Archéologie Suisse (Suisse), Archéologie actuel (UK), Dossiers d’Archéologie (France) récompensera les principales découvertes archéologiques de l’année dernière.

ArcheoVirtual cette année a permis de traverser une ville fortifiée en Espagne dans le deuxième siècle avant JC, visitez le Forum d’Auguste dans la splendeur de la Rome impériale, marcher le labyrinthe de Versailles découvrir les somptueux jardins de 1600 et 1700 et de regarder trois objets tridimensionnels, des pièces d’art et d’antiquités du Palais française sous Louis XIV.

« On est possible de passer par des sites archéologiques et des monuments en raison de la nouveauté des téléspectateurs de réalité virtuelle – explique le directeur de l’exposition et chercheur du patrimoine laboratoire virtuel de la CNR ITABC, Sofia Pescarin – Différents types de visions, une expérience unique ».

On commence à partir d’un village fortifié de Numancia, Espagne dans le deuxième siècle avant JC, le port du masque approprié connecté à un smartphone, les visiteurs peuvent se déplacer à volonté à travers les rues, les cours et maisons de la ville natale. L’application utilise le système de réalité virtuelle Samsung engrenages et est produite par El Ranchito.

Une autre possibilité est de sauter pour aller à la Labyrinthe de Versailles. Nous sommes en France dans la période entre 1665 et 1675 et à la reconstruction, il y a les jardins du Palais Royal est l’Oculus Rift.

L’application permet de tremper dans la réalité du temps et aussi d’interagir avec lui: vous regardez les trente-neuf fontaines dans le parc, dont chacun illustre une fable d’Ésope et vous avez un moyen pour activer un divertissement connecté.

De ce processus, par l’Université du Massachusetts, il est possible de déplacer plusieurs siècles en arrière, dans la Rome antique, l’un des premiers âges impériaux, entré dans le Forum d’Auguste. Mène le visiteur virtuel est toujours Oculus Rift dans la création du Laboratoire de patrimoine virtuel ITABC CNR (Institut des technologies appliquées au patrimoine culturel). Une commande manuelle permet de vous déplacer vers l’avant ou vers l’arrière, le mouvement de la tête faire changer de direction. Et il pénètre entre les colonnes de la grande place à arcades souhaitée par le premier empereur romain, ou monter les escaliers pour entrer dans le temple au centre du Forum.

Le dernier acte de cette «expérience sensorielle complète », tel que décrit par le même réalisateur Pescarin, est un plongeon entre les objets d’art et la vie quotidienne du Petit Trianon de Versailles Palais vu en trois dimensions grâce au projet Kivi (Kit visualisation immersive) faite par le CNRS français.

Une autre question qui sera abordée dans BTMA ce qui concerne l’application des technologies de l’utilisation du patrimoine culturel. Dans ce secteur, l’Italie est l’un des pionniers, comme il ressort de l’atelier «Archéologie virtuel dans l’étude et la promotion du territoire » (organisé par la section Archeovirtual, promu en collaboration avec l’Institut pour les technologies appliquées au patrimoine culturel (ITABC) CNR) qui aura lieu le 31 Octobre.

« Le patrimoine virtuel doit être une marque italienne – remarqué Sofia Pescarin – depuis les années 80 les premières expériences dans ce domaine proviennent de notre pays. Sur la scène internationale, nous sommes confrontés à la technologie allemande et les applications des capacités des Américains, mais notre capacité à construire une application unique qui allie design, la narration, la culture et la technologie est la plus forte. En Europe, il y a un marché de référence – il a continué – comme il ressort de nos recherches dans le réseau d’excellence des musées, ce qui montre que 89% des développeurs prévoient d’ajouter une application de la technologie au sein de ses sites. Pour nous, il est un observatoire Archevirtual fondamentale aussi pour tester les réactions du public à des applications. Cette année, nous avons mis en montre les applications de réalité immersive et deux sont les commentaires les plus courantes que nous a laissé le public Bourse: leur grande utilité pour ceux qui souffrent d’un handicap et pour les tour-opérateurs d’offrir un aperçu de la destination touristique offrant ».

« Les technologies numériques offrent une aide précieuse à l’approche innovante nécessaire à l’utilisation – remarqué Directeur dell’ITABC CNR Paolo Mauriello – et Archeovirtual est le laboratoire dans lequel nous nous retirons de l’argent de notre entreprise et nous voulons montrer comment la recherche peut être force motrice pour l’élaboration d’un territoire ».

« Le potentiel économique qui peut résulter de ce type d’activités est toujours pas vraiment clair – dit Augusto Palombini, CNR chercheur ITABC – Une limitation importante est le vide juridique de notre Code du patrimoine culturel qui, en date, pas de circonscrire les limites de cas de marketing la lecture en modèles 3D. Bien qu’il existe de nombreux visiteurs qui demandent à acheter des reproductions virtuelles ».

Understanding on the management of flows of migrants on the Balkan Route: New places of acceptance and direct recording

  • 26 October 2015

On the complicated issue of immigration it was found understanding surprise, at the end of a mini-summit attended by leaders of countries not members of the EU – such as Macedonia and Serbia – together with eight European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Romania and Slovenia.

The agreement, albeit partial, to the management of flows of migrants on the Balkan route, the material assistance to refugees and border control. The key principles of the agreement are in fact: the registration of migrants who would not otherwise have rights and the creation of one hundred thousand places of welcome, of which fifty thousand fifty thousand in Greece and other countries along the Balkan.

Reaching agreement is inscribed in a difficult environment, caused by hostile statements issued by the leaders of some of the States present at the summit. Hungary, for example, supports the option of closing the borders: the Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban, in fact, suggested to the Union to follow the good example of Budapest and close the borders, declaring: “I hope that with today put an end to the policy of open borders and the calls, which are against the rules of Schengen “. The Hungarian Premier also added: “It is not in my salary to advise other leaders, but the first of my suggestions is, if Greece is unable to defend its borders, to go there to defend us. I’ve said it many times, but no one listened. ”

Another vision in contrast to the guidelines of the Union is that of the Slovenian Prime Minister Miro Cerar, who said on the eve of the meeting: “The EU is likely to crumble; indeed, the European Union will start to crumble if it will adopt in coming weeks, concrete actions to manage the flow of migrants.” The opinion is a result of the Slovenian important flow of migrants who had to endure his country. The consensus estimates are that in just ten days have passed since the Balkan country 600,000 migrants.

European institutions took reach understanding of the gravity of the situation. The President of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz said that “No fence, no wall will prevent the refugees to flee. This passage of refugees from one country to another without coordination and control only harms the refugees”. The President of the Euro parliament reminded all Member States the need to find a common solution, by appealing to the good will of the countries.

Before the summit, the President of the EU Council Tusk said that, given the seriousness of the situation, “although there are important elections in Poland, I have decided to be here because the situation is serious and requires my presence. Friends of the Balkans are under pressure and we must help them.” Donald Tusk also said that “it was necessary to bring everyone to the table for a dialogue because there were misunderstandings and tensions in the region,” added Tusk, reiterating that “the priority is to protect our external borders it is developing an emergency by the dramatic developments “.

The European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs, Federica Mogherini, puts at stake the coherence of the European Union. “The real crux of the summit is our ability to respond to the internal management of internal and external borders of the European Union” has declared. “It’s a matter of responsibility and solidarity on the part of all stakeholders to respond to a crisis that will not disappear in a short time,” he concluded.

Alexander Vucic, the Serbian prime minister, unlike the positions of net closure adopted by other Balkan states, was willing to accept up to three thousand refugees, but only if Slovenia declare the will accept up to two thousand. “I’m not sure we will come to a conclusion, but at least we spoke for the first time and at least allow you to take joint actions in the future,” commented the Prime Minister of Serbia before the summit.

The agreement establishes some operating points. First it was decided to preserve the primary care of migrants: shelter, water, food, health care. The states will have the support of UNHCR and if necessary the European mechanism for civil protection.

Secondly, the agreement regulates the flow management: it was agreed that, from now on, countries should exchange information daily regarding the entry and exit of migrants. In addition, one hundred thousand new jobs will be created welcome always supported EU and UN, and was expected also further surgery also the European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

“The relocation of refugees in all member states is a must, but for this to be possible reception infrastructure must be put up where there are hotspots,” said the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres. No country can then download more mass migrants at the borders of their neighbours without prior agreement, and these will have to be registered.

Decisions made in the Agreement regarding the need to register all refugees, as a prerequisite for the granting of any rights. It was also established that those who have no right to international protection is to be repatriated.

As a final point decided in the mini-summit there is the issue of control of external borders, Frontex will be strengthened in the mission Poseidon in the Aegean, on the border between Turkey and Bulgaria, the one between Greece, Albania and Macedonia for the registration of migrants and so also between Croatia and Serbia, while Slovenia within a week unfold, through bilateral cooperation, four police officers. Each week the Commission will monitor the implementation of the measures.

Following the agreement, therefore, the countries that have signed up to undertake concrete actions, aimed at exchanging information on the flows of migrants and to notify the European Commission needs within 24 hours; discourage the flood of refugees or migrants from end to end without informing neighbouring countries; provide food, water, shelter and health care to migrants with the help of UNHCR and the EU civil protection mechanism; register using biometrics refugees collaborating with EU agencies (Frontex and Easo). The countries will also have to work for the repatriation of migrants who are not entitled to international protection and strengthen Frontex external border controls, in particular by strengthening collaboration with Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan; strengthen support for border crossings implemented by Frontez the border between Bulgaria and Turkey; set up a new operation control Frontex external border between Greece and Macedonia, Greece and Albania.

“Now we need to put this into effect,” because “in Europe the problems of some are the problems of others,” warned Juncker, relieved that in the end “the European spirit” has prevailed. Why, he thundered, it is “unacceptable 2015 people are left to sleep in the fields and across rivers with water up to his chest in freezing temperatures.”

“The relocation of refugees in all member states is a must, but for this to be possible reception infrastructure must be put up where there are hotspots,” said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres. No country can then download more mass migrants at the borders of their neighbours without prior agreement, and these will have to be registered.

In case of non-registration is planned repatriation of those not entitled to international protection. “Today we have laid the first stone of the building, now we must make further progress,” he said Chancellor Angela Merkel met at the end of the summit, convened by Juncker on his drive. “Of course it is only a contribution and not the solution to the migration problem,” but at least ensures that refugees have “human condition”.

The Nobel Peace Prize in 2015 was awarded to Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet

  • 12 October 2015

The prestigious Nobel Peace Prize 2015 was awarded to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet. This quartet was awarded “for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011”.

The quartet is made up of the union federation UGTT, the employers’ institute, the Tunisian human rights league and the order of lawyers. The Nobel Peace Prize, says the Committee, “was awarded the Quartet as a whole and not to individual organizations.”

It is not the first time that the Nobel is awarded to personalities who have played a part in the protests born within the movement of the Arab Spring. In 2011, together with Liberian Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee, the Nobel Peace Prize went to the Yemeni Tawakkul Karman “for the non-violent struggle for the safety of women and their right to full participation in the work of building peace”.

The Tunisian National Dialogue was born in the summer of 2013, “when the process of democratization was likely to crumble for the political killings and widespread social discontent,” as stated in the reasons given by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, and “was an alternative peaceful in the political process, during the difficoult moments, when the country was on the brink of civil war.” The union of the four organizations was “crucial to allow Tunisia, within a few years, to create a constitutional system of government that guarantees the fundamental rights of an entire population, regardless of sex or beliefs, political and religious beliefs “.

The world award in the field of peace, this year, rewards the efforts of the quartet to avoid the drift of neighbouring Egypt, focusing on what unites rather than what divides, as a demonstration this kind of action is an investment.

One possible interpretation is that this Nobel Prize is a fitting reward for a country that has managed, despite all the difficulties, to create a model of democratic society ” based on citizenship, the will of the people, and the rule of law ” (Art. 2 of the Constitution). This award is also a tribute to the perseverance and courage of the Tunisian people, that ” in the face of political killings and the terrorist attacks has run closely in a spirit of unity and tolerance of compromise ”, said President Obama.

The instrument of the National Dialogue has favoured from 2013 the mediation between the political forces accelerating the work of the Constituent Assembly in the classroom, allowing the approval of the Constitution and the formation of a caretaker government on time, resulting in the approval of the electoral law and the announce of parliamentary and presidential elections in late 2014 that gave Tunisia the current democratic order.

The unrest in the southern Mediterranean have ancient roots. However, the reactions of the population begun five years ago, when people reached the limit. The southern shores of the Mediterranean, in fact, had an increase in terms of GDP, but middle class was impoverished. Only restricted circles close to the dictators could enjoy the increase in wealth, while those who had chosen to invest in higher education was forced to emigrate.

The protests began right by young people, in particular, the first were the Tunisians, but the so-called Arab Spring soon spread too many countries of the southern Mediterranean.

The way to change the system of these countries appeared, from the start, uphill. An example is what happened in Egypt, the first to take advantage of the new freedoms were the Islamist parties, and the company is radically divided. The Islamic parties, once in power, began to move as the only hosts and not as the elected representatives of the people multicolour. The climate is overheated to cause concern civil war.

Similar fate, unfortunately, also had the Jasmine Revolution. The 2013 was a terrible year, with the two political assassinations of opposition leader Belaid and Brahmi, the local “Western” attacked by fundamentalists, the girls “too liberated” threatened and assaulted, the secular newspapers in the crosshairs of Fools of God. In the summer of two years ago, while in Cairo was accomplished the overthrow of President Morsi and the bloody repression of the Muslim Brotherhood, in Tunis were the barricades. Lay against Ennadha, accused of having turned a blind eye on the fundamentalists to endorse the Islamization of the country. Egypt served as a warning, admit today by both parties. Ennadha stepped back and the government resigned. The Constitution, modern, was written by all (as opposed to Egypt’s Morsi by a handful of religious). The vote of a year ago, yet another after Ben Ali, resulted in the election of anti Ennadha President Essebsi, a victory not appreciated by everyone but, as should be done in a democracy, respected by most.

In this climate the Nobel Prize means that the road is following by Tunisia is the right one, though still long and difficult. Also this is an award to civil society capable of living in social activism and cultural when the policy is precluded; it is a prize for young people who in 2011 questioned a gangrenous and seemingly unbreakable but who have yet to learn a lot not to be devoured by sharks; it is an award to the courage of the women who have struggled actively starting to oppose even the tradition of submission.